Catalogue Entry: THEM00044

Untitled treatise on Revelation

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 1, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Custodial History

SL227, described in the Sotheby catalogue as 550 pp., was bought at the Sotheby sale by Gabriel Wells for £105 and SL228 by 'Ulysses' (Jacob Schwartz?) for £85; both were subsequently acquired by Yahuda, and the bulk of lot 228 is now Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 2. On 24 May 1949, Yahuda told the London dealer Heinrich Eisemann, 'the new arrangement [of SL227] contains 1,300 pages, that is more than double the 550 given in the catalogue [...] whole lots had to be taken from other manuscripts and rearranged. As a price I would suggest $6,500'. Evidently no sale resulted.

Sotheby Lot

SL227 and 2 bundles from SL228; also (according to a note appended to Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 10) 8 ff. of SL248; possibly other material

Contents

Incomplete and seriously disordered, many sections occurring in several variant drafts: Newton clearly never arrived at a satisfactory plan for the overall structure of the work. There are several cases, especially in Ms. 1.4, where a title is followed only by a fragment of text and both have been struck through: these are not noted in the following summary.

Ms. 1.1

f. 1 Untitled introduction.

f. 12 'Rules for interpreting ye words and language in Scripture'

f. 13 'Rules for methodising construing the Apocalyps'

f. 15 'Rules for interpreting the Apocalyps'

f. 20 'Prophetic figures' [title altered from 'Definitions']

f. 24 'Definitions' [an earlier draft of the foregoing 'Prophetic figures']

ff. 28-55 'The Proof' [of the previous sections]

Ms. 1.1a

ff. 1-31 'The Proof' (another draft)

Ms. 1.2

f. 1r 'Position 1./ The seales & wthin ye seventh Seale the Trumpets are distributions of Time wch succeed one another orderly wthout any interruption or interfering.'

f. 3r 'Position 2./ The seven Trumpets Thunders & Vials of wrath are ye same & signify so many courses of war.'

f. 11 'Position 3/ The woman in travail is ye Church of Christ, & ye Dragon a great Heathen Kingdome & both together ye subject of the seven Seales.'

f. 17r 'Position 4/ The wounded Beast is a great heathenizing Christian kingdome derived out of the Dragon, & rose in ye sixt Seale first out of ye Sea & then after a deliquium out of ye bottomles pit, & became ye subject of ye seven Trumpets; being ye same with ye Whore's Beast, & wth the fourth Beast in Daniel, & wth ye legs of Nebuchadnezzar's Image, & with ye apostate church of ye latter times prophesied of by St Paul.'

f. 31r 'Position 5./ The seven Heads of ye Dragon & Beast are distributions of them into so many successive parts by ye opening of ye seales in order: every part or head being continued from ye opening of one seale to ye opening of ye next & the seventh head first through ye time of silence & holy rites & then through all the Trumpets.'

f. 36r 'Position 6./ The horns of ye Dragon & Beast are ten contemporary kingdoms springing out of their seventh head soon after ye beginning of ye Trumpets & voluntarily uniting & conspiring into one body politiq[ue] called ye Beast.'

[There is no Position 7.]

f. 53r 'Position 8./ The Image of ye Beast is an Ecclesiasticall Assembly of men representing ye ten hornd Beast & deriving its authority from ye two hornd Beast and was made between ye beginnings of ye seventh seale & first Trumpet.'

f. 57r 'Position 9./ The two and forty months of ye Beast's making war the like reign of ye Whore, the stay of ye woman in ye Wilderness, the treading under foot of ye holy City, & ye prophesying of ye two Witnesses in sackcloth are throughout synchronal & extend from ye beginning of ye Wo-Trumpets to ye killing of ye Witnesses.'

f. 64r 'Position 10/ The temple wthin ye holy City troden under foot by ye Gentiles, denotes the same thing wth the Woman in the Wilderness persecuted by the Dragon & Beast: the Temple answering to ye Woman, ye City to ye Wilderness, & ye Gentiles to ye Beast yt was & is not.'

[No text follows the heading of Position 10.]

Ms. 1.3 [The foliation of this section is sporadic and very idiosyncratic.]

f. a 'PROP. I./ The seales & wthin ye seventh Seale ye Trumpets are distributions of Time wch succeed one another orderly wthout any interruption or interfering.'

f. c 'PROP. IV/ The Calamities wch follow upon sounding ye Trumpets, are all by war.'

f. 1 'PROP. II/ The seven Vials of wrath described in Chap 15 & 16 are the same with ye Plagues or woes of the seven Trumpets in Chap 8, 9, 10, 11.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. III./ The seven Thunders also (ch 10.3) most probably denote the same thing with the seven Trumpets.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. V/ The fals Prophet mentioned in chap 16 & 19, is the same with the two horned Beast in chap 13.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. VI./ The ten horned Beasts in chap 13 & 17 are ye same.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. VII./ The two horned Beast ch 13 is ye same wth ye Whore of Babylon ch 17.'

f. 9 'PROP. . VIII./ The Dragon & Beast are ye Kingdome whose symptomes are declared in ye Seales & Trumpets, whereof ye Dragon begins wth ye Seales & ye Beast wth ye Trumpets.'

f. 16a 'PROP. . IX. The Kingdom represented by ye Dragon & Beast is ye same with the fourth Kingdom in Daniel represented by the dreadfull Beast wth great iron teeth, as also by the iron leggs of Nebuchadnezzar's Image. And the two horned Beast is ye same with the little horn of that dreadfull Beast.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XI.' Another draft of the foregoing, originally with identical title, but 'Dragon &' and 'two horned Beast' are crossed out, and the latter replaced by 'Whore of Babylon'.

[unfoliated] 'Posit IX. The two horned Beast is a body of men wch began about the opening of ye seventh seale, & by policy & deceipt grew up wthin ye nations wch worshipped ye ten-horned Beast untill it overtop't all earthly powers.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. VIII The two horned Beast is some kind of Dominion wch by Policy & deceipt grew up within ye nations wch worshipped the ten horned Beast untill at length it overtop't all other powers within those nations.' [Title and beginning of text struck through.]

[unfoliated] 'Posit. IX./ The two horned Beast, called also ye fals Prophet, is a body of Heathenizing Christians under two supreme Bishops, & a little before ye opening of ye 7th seale rose out of ye inferior sort of people wthin those nations wch afterward worshipped ye other Beast; & by deceiving men administered to ye ascention of that beast out of ye bottomles pit, & at length exalting himself by ye like deceipt became the whore upon his back exprest in Daniel by ye little horn of ye 4th beast & in Ezekiel 23.15 by Tyre.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. IX./ The Image of the Beast is also some contemporary & internal body politiq[ue] representing ye ten horned Beast, but yet deriving its authority from the two horned Beast.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XII./ The seven Heads of ye Dragon & Beast are ye distributions of the Kingdom into so many successive parts by the opening of the seales in order: every part or head being continued from the opening of one seale to the opening of the next & the seventh seale to the beginning of the seventh Trumpet to sound.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XIII./ The ten hornes of the Beast are ten contemporary Kingdoms voluntarily uniting & conspiring into one Body politiq[ue] called the Beast.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XIV./ The Horns of the Beast are Kingdoms derived from the Dragon, & the Dragon himself became one of the hornes.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. IV./ The calamities wch follow upon sounding the Trumpets, are all by war.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XV./ The two & forty Months of the Beast the like reign of the Whore, the stay of the Woman in the Wilderness, the treading under foot of ye holy City, & ye prophesying of ye two witnesses in sackcloth, are throughout synchronal, & extend from the beginning of ye Wo Trumpets to the killing of the witnesses.' [Text largely struck through.]

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XVI/ The Temple within the holy City troden under foot by the Gentiles, denotes the same thing with ye Woman in the Wilderness persecuted by the Dragon & Beast: the Temple answering to ye Woman, the citie to ye Wildernes, & ye Gentiles to ye seventh head of ye Dragon.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XI./ The hundred & forty four thousand sealed Servants of God are extended from the beginning of ye seventh seale to ye death of ye Witnesses: & the Palm-bearing multitude from their resurrection to the utter ruin of ye Beast.'

f. 57r 'Prop. XII/ The time from ye beginning of ye seventh seale to ye beginning of ye seventh Trumpet is but one & the same continued Apostacy which arrives to a greater height at ye beginning of ye fift Trumpet, & at ye greatest height at ye death of ye Witnesses & after their resurrection declines gradually untill first ye great City Babylon be ruined & a while after all the nations wch gave their kingdome to it be overthrown wth an exceeding great slaughter.'

Ms. 1.4

f. 1r 'Prop 21./ The beginning of ye seventh Trumpet is at ye end of the world.' [Partially struck through.]

f. 4v 'Position./ The Subject of this Prophesy is the Roman Empire signified by ye Dragon & Beast.'

f. 12r 'Prop. 26/ The sixt seale falls in wth the time between ye beginning of ye reign of Constantine the great, & the death of Theodosius.'

f. 17r 'Prop 27/ The four first seales agree to the time between St Iohn & ye beginning of ye tenth Persecution: the second seale beginning with Trajan, the third wth Severus, & ye fourth wth Maximinus.'

f. 20r 'The first Seale opened.'

f. 20r 'The second Seal opened.'

f. 22v 'The third Seal opened.'

f. 24r 'The fourth Seal opened.'

f. 26r 'Of the Wild Beasts'

f. 27r 'Of the Famin & Pestilence.'

f. 30r 'Prop./ The fift seale begins wth the tenth Persecution: that is wth the year 303.'

f. 31r 'Prop./ The sixt seale begins at ye victory of Constantine over Maxentius, A.D. 312.'

f. 43r 'Prop./ The first Trumpet begins with ye invasions of ye Eastern regions A.C. 395. The second with ye invasion of Gallia & Spain A.C. 408. The third wth ye invasion of Afric A.C. 427. And ye fourth wth ye wars in Italy A.C. 536.'

f. 43r 'Of the time of holy Rites.'

f. 50r 'The holding of ye winds.'

f. 62r 'The Introduction to ye Vialls of Wrath Chap: 15'

f. 62v 'Position/ The times of ye Trumpets began at ye death of Theodosius ye great. A.C. 395.'

f. 107r 'Prop./ The first Trumpet began wth ye invasions of ye Eastern regions A.C. 395. The second wth ye invasion of ye western A.C. 408. The third wth ye invasion of Afric A.C. 427. And ye fourth wth ye wars in Italy A.C. 536.'

f. 110v 'The first Trumpet.'

f. 138r 'The second Trumpet.'

f. 147r 'The third Trumpet.'

f. 152r 'Posit/ The four first Seales agree to ye time between the first preaching of Christianity & ye beginning of ye tenth Persecution: the first Seale beginning wth the Ascention or Pentecost A.C. 33 the second wth Trajan A.C. 98, ye third wth Severus A.C. 193, & ye fourth wth Decius A.C. 251.'

f. 156r 'Of the Lamb's taking the Book.'

f. 164r 'Of the four Horsemen in general.'

f. 169r 'The second Seale opened.'

f. 174r 'The third Seale opened.'

f. 181r 'The fourth Seal opened.'

f. 183r 'Of the succeeding quaternion of plagues.'

f. 183r 'Of ye Wild Beasts.'

f. 188r 'Of the sword.'

f. 190r 'Of the Famin.'

f. 192r 'Of ye Pestilence.'

f. 197r 'Posit./ The fift Seale begins wth Dioclesian's Persecution A.C. 303; The sixt wth Constantine's throwing down of Idols A.C. 330.'

f. 197v 'The fift Seale opened.'

f. 202r 'The sixt Seal opened.'

f. 210r 'The seventh seale began with ye peace made wth ye Goths & ye delivery of ye Churches to ye Homoüsians. Decemb. A.C. 380.'

Ms. 1.5

f. 1r 'Position/ The Dragon was ye whole Roman Empire untill its division, & then ye nations of ye Western Empire were ye Beast wth its ten horns & those of ye Eastern ye Dragon continued.'

f. 5r 'The history of ye Dragon.'

f. 9r 'The history of ye Beast'

f. 74r 'Posit./ The Ecclesiasticall Hierarchy of ye triunitarian Church commencing after the death of Constantius & headed by ye Bps of Rome & Alexandria, was ye two horned Beast.'

f. 75r 'Of ye Beast's rise out of the Earth with two horns.'

Ms. 1.6

f. 1r 'The first Trumpet.'

f. 17r 'The second Trumpet.'

f. 25r 'The third Trumpet'

f. 45r 'The fourth Trumpet.'

Ms. 1.7

[Beginning missing: f. 1 begins in mid-sentence.]

f. 4r 'Prop/ The first Trumpet begins wth ye Visigothic wars, AD. 396. the second wth the Alemanic wars A.D. 407. The third wth ye Vandalic wars A.D. 428 & the fourth wth the Ostrogothic & Lombardic wars A.D. 536.'

f. 10r 'The second Trumpet.'

f. 14r 'The third Trumpet.'

f. 21r 'The fourth Trumpet.'

f. 31r 'Prop./ The fift Trumpet expresses the wars of ye Saracen Empire upon ye Romans & begins with ye rise of ye Mahometan religion A.C. 609.'

f. 42r 'Prop/ The sixt Trumpet conteins ye wars of the Turkish Empire upon ye Romans, & begins with ye solution of ye four Euphratean Sultanies A.C. 1258.'

Ms. 1.8

[Beginning missing: last sentence of a passage evidently concerning the opening of the first seal.]

f. 1r 'The second Seal opened.'

f. 6r 'The third Seal opened.'

f. 9r 'The fourth Seal opened.'

f. 10r 'Of ye sword.'

f. 12r 'Of ye Wild Beasts.'

[Incomplete: breaks off in mid-sentence at the top of f. 24r. f. 17v features a hand-drawn map of the Middle East.]

Notes

Watermarks generally match those used by Newton in letters of the mid-1670s.

First 19 folios of Ms. 1.1 printed in Manuel, Religion, 107-116. Sections 1.1 ff. 1-26, 1.1a and 1.3 printed with a parallel Italian translation in Mamiani, Trattato, 1-251 (though Mamiani uses a different referencing system, referring to these as sections 1, 1.1 and 1.3 respectively). Several sections discussed in some detail in Westfall, 'Newton's Theological Manuscripts', 131-4.

[1] see Ezek. 3.18

[2] Rev 18.21 Ier 51 63

[3] a See Mr Mede's acount of this book

[4] b Of the knowledge of the Eastern wise men in interpretations see Gen. 41. Acts 7.22. Dan. 1.17.

[5] c. H. Grotius, Mr Mede, Dr Moor.

[6] ‡ See Exod 7. 1 Num 11.25, 27. 1 Sam 10.5, 6. 1 Chron 25.1, 2 3. 1 Sam 18.10 & 19.23. 1 King 18.29. 1 Sam 19.20. Mat 7.15, 22 & 24.11, 24 &c Mat 11.13. 1 Cor. 11.5. 1 Ioan 4.1. Iudeth 6.2. Nehem 6.7. Wisdom 14.28

[7] Rev. 6

[8] a that is iniquity

[9] * gr. hide or bury them.

[10] gr: & vulg. lat. holes

[11] See Mr Medes account of this book p

[12] Grotius. Mr M Dr Moor. &c.

[13] Dan 8.10

[14] A

[15] B

[16] * gr. hide or bury them.

[17] gr: holes.

[18] a. χορτος gramen apud sacros scriptor pro herba usurpori solet ut in Mat 6.30, & 13.26. Marc 4.28. Iacob 1.10. 1 Pet 1.24.

[19] This & the next Article are to be transposed

[20] i.e. of God ch 4.2.

[21] a. ἐσφαγμένην ἐις θάνατον. wounded to death ch 13.3.

[22] b. ὁ ἔχει τὴν πληγὴν της μαχάιρας, καὶ ἔζησε Quæ habet vulnus ensis et vixit. vers. 14. i.e. Quæ habet vulnus jam sanatum et revixit. Non enim dicit: Quæ habet et vivit, sed verba in diverso tempore posita sunt ut ἔζησε ad initium restitutæ vitæ referatur dum ἔχει indefinitè respicit omne tempus post acceptum vulnus.

[23] ἡ πληγὴ του θανάτου ἀυτου. vers 12.

[24] a. αδόκιμοι non probati, adulterini.

[25] ἡ ἀποστασία

[26] a. Sect 4 hujus

[27] * θυμος

[28] a.. μίαν αἵραν the same or the first hower with the Beast. So Aristophanes μίαν δικάσαντες judging the same judgment & μίαν ναμαχήσαντες fighting the same seafight. ἡ οὐὰι ἡ μία the first wo, Rev 9.12. ἡμέρα μία the first day Gen 1.5. μία σαββάτων the first day of the week Marc 16.2. Iohan 20.16

[29] a. i.e. giddy {&} reeling into errors. Fig    

[30] a Iosephus contra Appionem lib: 1. Petavius

[31] b. Arrianus lib 2.

[32] a. See chap 13.

[33] a. ἐσφαγμένην εἰς θάνατον wounded to death. ch 13.3

[34] b. Ὁ ἔχει τὴν πληγὴν της μαχαίρας, καὶ ἔζησε . Qui habet vulnus ensis & vixit vers 14. i.e Qui habet vulnus jam sanatum et revixit. Non enim dicit Qui habet et vivit neque qui habuit et vixit sed verba in diverso tempore posita sunt ut ἔζησε ad initium restitutæ vitæ referatur dum ἔχει indefinitè respicit omne tempus post acceptum vulnus.

[35] c. ἡ πληγη του θανάτου αυτου. vers. 12

[36] * i.e. of God ch 4.2

[37] a Posit.    

[38] 5. Besides these 10 {Kings} there were to be {many} other little principalities

[39] Iosephus contra Appionem lib 1

[40] See Prop 19.7

[41] See the Comment on Matth 24

[42] ch 14.1

[43] ch 11.7, 8, 9, 10

[44] ch 14.6

[45] ch 11.11

[46] ch 14.8

[47] ch 11.13

[48] ch 14.9

[49] ch 16.13

[50] ch 14.14

[51] ch 16.14, 18, 21.

[52] Def    

[53] a Baron: Annal: An 253, sect 48.

[54] b

[55] * Maximinus one of the Persecuting Emperors his edict for restraining it in the East at the end of the ten years, runs thus. Prioribus Augustis Christianorum gentem tanquam deorum cultui adversam penitus esse delendam, se quoque aliquamdiu ratum simili debere uti sententia: Sed quomiam eo magis gens ista propagetur et crescat quo maximè putetur inhiberi, velle se potius ut siquidem blandis quis ad deorum cultum persuasionibus acquiescat recipiatur, nullus verò cogatur invitus. Euseb. Hist. l 9.9

[56] Gen 49.9

[57] Deutr 33.17

[58] * sc. Persico

[59] Lib. Iuchasin Lib. מלכי רובוי

[60] * Hæc mandata (saith Carion) tribunis militum dedit: Si vís Tribunus esse, imò si vivere vis, manus militum contine: nemo segetes atterat: nemo salem oleum ligna auferat: nemo ovem alterius rapiat: an nona sua miles contentus sit; ex prælio hostium, non ex lachrymis provincialibus habeat.

[61] ✝ Frumenti summam, saith Herodia of Severus, primus adauxit. Rei frumentariæ, saith Spartianus, quam minima repererat —–

[62] Euseb: Chron. et Eutrop l. 9.

[63] * Hispania duodecim annis fere sub Barbaris laboravit regnante Gallieno. Oros l 7. c 41.

[64] Symbol (2 asterisks in a rectangle) in text So Iornandes l. 1, de Regn. success. Claudius Gothos jam per quindecem annos Illyricum Macedoniamque vastantes bello adortus incredibili strage delevit.

[65] Apud Euseb. Hist l 7. c 17.

[66] Apud Euseb. Hist l 7 c 17.

[67] d Dioclesianus animadvertens consortem Imperij opus esse ut citiùs pacem ubique redderet Maximianum legit. Pomponius Lætus

[68] a Cum per omnem orbem terrarum res turbatæ essent & Carausius in Britannijs rebellaret Achillisus in Oriente, Africam Quinquegentiani infestarent, Narseus Orienti bellum inferret, Dioclesianus Maximianum Herculeum ex Cæsare fecit Augustum, Constantium et Maximianum Cæsares. Eutrop. l 9

[69] Chron. in vita Diocl.

[70]

b Ex barbaris multi adducti captivi qui non fuere securi cæsi sed post triumphum in Romani Imperij finibus positi ut una cum veteribus incolis habitarent. Regiones enim assiduis incursionibus vastatæ, ferè in solitudinem ierant. Rediere ex diversis partibus orbis ad urbem principes seniores quorum auspicijs limites Imperij Romani longius producti atque prolati: Ab ortu usque ad Indos propagati Impperij fines: Non Euphrates non Tigris vetuere, non superbæ Regum persarum minæ. A meridie Æthiopes per Legatos accersere. Ab Aquilonc barbaræ feræque nationes Sarmatarum domitæ. Ab occasu Gessoriacus oceanus admirabilis victoriæ testis est simul et Brittanicus. Igitur toto terrarum orbe undique Romana arma illustres victorias assecuta socijs lætitiam præbuere, rebellibus metum terrorenque pugnare cupientibus. Hæc Pomponius Lætus de Triumpho Dioclesiani quæ sub initio Persecutionis celebrata est, anno Imperij 18vo.

Constantius propè sexaginta millia Alemannorum cædit, ea victoria liberatæ Galliæ, attritæ Germaniæ suae vires amisêre quas reparare non ausi sunt Alemanni. Pomp. Læt.

Constantius 60 ferè millia Alemannorum cæcidit. Maximianus quoque Augustus bellum in Africa profligavit domitis Quinquegentianis, et ad pacem redactis. Dioclesianus obsessum Alexandriæ Achilleum octavo ferè mense superavit eumque interfecit. Victoria acerbè usus est. Totam Ægyptum gravibus proscriptionibus cædibus fœdavit — Galerius cum Narsea, in Armenia majori pugnavit successu ingenti Varia *[71] deinceps simul et viritim bella gesserunt Carpis et Bastarnis subactis, Sarmatis victis, quarum nationum ingentes copias in Romanis finibus locaverunt. Eutrop l 9.

[71] [* Nota. Bella quæ ponit posteriora, cæteris præcesseri Malo ordine hæc

[72]

Sub Gallieno Dacia quæ a Trajano ultra Danubium fuerat adjecta amissa est. Eutrop. l. 9.

[73] Carus in Persas profectus Mesopotamia recepta Ctesiphontem pervenit Pomp. Læt. & Vopiscus. Note that Brittain was lost for 10 years between the recovery of Mesopotamia by Carus & the full setling of it by Galerius.

[74] Euseb. Chron.

[75] Maximiano Rex Persiæ Mesopotamiam cum Transtigritanis quinque regionibus reddidit. Sexti Rufi Breviarium.

[76] * See the Discours of the Terrestrial Paradise

[77] b Idatius puts the beginning of it Diocles: 8 & Maximiano 7 Coss. Hoc est A.C. 303. Quod convenit cum Eusebio.

[78] c. Ingentem hanc tribus prælips. victoriam sic breviter describit Eusebius: Cum Maxentius machinis præstigiarum confisus omnem locum agrum et civitatem etiam quæ ipsius subjiciebatur imperio, ingenti armatorum multitudine & infinitis copijs munivisset: Imperator Constantinus Dei auxilio nixus primam secundam et tertiam tyranni aciem adoritur & omnibus primo impetu facilè subactis universam prope Italorum peragrat regionem. Euseb in vita Constant. l 1, c. 31. Tanta hostium et tam ampla cædes, tam felix et incruenta victoria fuit, ut credas non bello ancipiti dimicatum sed solas impiorum pœnas expetitas. Nazarius in Panegyr. Constant. Vide plura apud Baronium Ann 312 sec 38 & sequ.

[79]

a. Eusebius (in Chron:) puts this Victory in the 10th year of the Persecution: Anno Olymp. 272.4. Idatius puts it in the Consulship of Constantine 2 & Licinius 2. And Socrates in the seventh year of Constantine who began his reign in the fourth year of the persecution Iuly 27 Anno Olymp 271.1 finiente vel 271.2 incipiente. (Hist trip l 1.) Constantio 6 & Maximiano 6 Coss: (Idatius.) Moreover this victory happened 8 Kal.Octob. <31v> to Sigonius de Occid. Imp. l 2 (See also Petavius de doct temp. l 11. c 37) And therefore the persecution ceased about the end of the year 312.

NB: In ultimo Licinij cum Constantino prælio, Constantinus tantam cædem edidit ut de centum & triginta millium numero vix triginta millia evaderent. Zosim l 2.

[80] a Tantam exercitûs Liciniani cædem edidit Constantinus ut de centum et triginta millium numero vix triginta millia evaderent. Zosim. l 2.

[81] Hieronymus & Cedrenus .

[82]
a Hieronym. Epist 61 Baron. Annal. An 364, sec 19

[83] a l 9. de Malefic. & mathemat. Cod. Theod.

[84] b. Baron. Annal. an 371. sec 130

[85] c. Baron An 371. s 131

[86] Ammianus l 30. Socrates in Hist. trip. l. 9. c. 5.

[87] Hist. trip. l2. c 18.

[88] Baron. an. 376 sec 3. & an 377 sec 1.

[89] a. Infide. Nam Constantinus nonnulla Constantius, quamplurima passim destruxit.

[90] b Suæ religionis Imperatorem, etsi autorem (ut videtur) {Au} Valens {illeg} tollerare penitus tamen absolvere non erubuit et interea Valentis crimen ore aperto prosequi.

[91]
a. Vide Gothofredum in Chronologia necnon in Prosopographia Codicis Theodosiani.

[92] l 7. de pagan. Cod. Theod.

[93] l 8. de pagan Cod. Theod.

[94] a. Symmachus lib. Relationis. & Baron an 382 sec 46, & an 383 sec 5.

[95] b. Zosim l 4.

[96] c. Baron an 382 sec 46.

[97] a. Symmachus lib. Relationis. & Baron an 382 sec 46, & an 383 sec 5.

[98] b. Zosim l 4.

[99] c. Baron an 382 sec 46.

[100] r Ambros. ep. 15 ad Eugenium. Baron: an 395. s 37.

[101] s Paulin in Vita S. Ambrosij.

[102] d Prosper Baron an 399 sec 54, 55, 56.

[103] ✝ Medus in Apostasia novissimorum temporum lib 3. c 14.

[104] Amm. l 26

[105] Ammian l 31
Iornandes
Sigonius de Occid. Imp.

[106] a Ammian lib 31

[107]

b Nec ulla Annalibus præter Cannneusem pugnam, ita ad internecionem res legitur gesta. Ammian: ib

[108]
c. Zosimus l 4. Sigonius de Occ. Imp.

[109] d Zosim Prosper. Sigonius de Occid. Imp.

[110] d. Nempe biennio post initam pacem De qua supra.

[111] * Gr. Naz. in Vita sua.

[112] a. Ijsdem temporibus divina quadam providentia barbaræ Gentes sub illius [Theodosij] ditionem redactæ sunt. Et inter alios Atha{na}ricus Gothorum rex cum universo pop{ulo} sese ei dedidit. Socr. l. 5.c 10.

[113] Oros. l 7. c 34

[114] Ammian l 38. Hieronym. Chron.

[115] Ammian. l. 28.

[116] Ib. l 28.

[117] Ib. l 29.

[118] {illeg} Firmus frater Gildonis qui postea gentes Mauricas in Africa similiter commovit. Ammian lib 29.

[119] a Ammian l. 28.

[120] d Oros. l. 7. c. 32 Hieron Chron. Casidor.

[121] b Hieron. Chron:

[122] b Hieron. Chron:

[123] {illeg} Maurorum {illeg} Firmus frater Gildonis qui postea gentes Mauricas in Africa similiter commovit. Ammian l 29

[124] a Ammian

[125] b Iornand. Regn. Success.

[126] * Prop    

[127] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[128] a. Zosim l 4.

[129] b. Gratianus ab exercitu suo proditus et ab obvijs urbibus non receptus ludibrio hosti fuit, cruentæque manus vestigia parietes tui Lugdune testantur. Hieronymus Epist 3. How he was slain you may see in Socrates l 5. c 11.

[130] a. Ambrose. Epist 17

[131] Ammian. lib. 17

[132] c. Zos. l 4. Claudian de primo Consulatu Honorij.

[133] pag vers

[134]

a Ambrose in lib 5 Ep 29 speaking of a bad act of Maximus in the beginning of the expedition adds: Ille igitur statim a Francis & a Saxonum gente, in Sicilia Siciæ, Petavione ubique denique terrarum victus est.

Theodosius contra Maximum profectus, mense Iunio transit per Macedoniam, dein emensa Pannonia duobus prælijs, in Norico uno Sisciæ, altero Petavione, Maximum vincit, deinde in Italiam contendit tandemque apud Aquileiam superat etiam et capite truncat, 5 Kal. Sept. vel 5 Kal. Aug. Ambros l 5 ep 29. Pacatus in Panegyrico. Sulpitius Alexander l 3 Hist αυτοπτης ipse. Claudian. Ausonius in Aquileia. Hæc apud Gothofridum in Chron. Cod. Theod.

Superatus Eugenius 8 Id Sept. Arcad 3 & Honor 2 Coss. Dein post quatuor Menses obit Theodosius Ian 17 Olybrio et Probrino Coss An 1 Olymp 294. Socr l 5 c 25 & 26.

[135] a Victis itaque Gothis quæ cum barbaris bella secuta sunt, non in orbe Romano, foro Prophetiæ, sed barbaro solo gerebantur.

[136] * Maximus

[137] * Gratiani

[138] Lex 2 de fid. Cath. Cod. Theod.

[139] Lex 6 De Hær. C. Theod.

[140] r Socr

[141] s Baron an 381

[142] a Confer hoc edictum cum Sozom. l 7. c 9.

[143] Lex 3 de fide Cath. Cod. Theod.

[144] * Timothei nec non [pro] intra – – – — & Timothei intra

[145] * In Asia nec non [pro] proconsulari — — – Et in Asia Proconsulari.

[146] a Socr l 5. c 8

[147] b Theod. l 5, c. 8

[148] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[149] a Ambros Epist 27.

[150] b Ammian lib 17.

[151] c Zosim. l 4. Claudian de primo Consoluatu Honorij.

[152] Socr l 5. c 10.

[153] a Sozom l 8, c 4

[154] Prosper apud Euseb Chron. l 1.

[155] Prosper apud Euseb lib 1.

[156] a Fig.    

[157] b Fig.    

[158] e Fig.    

[159] a Prosper in Euseb l 1.

[160] b Zosim lib 4.

[161] c Gratianus ab exercitu suo proditus & ab obvijs urbibus non receptus ludibrio hosti fuit, cruentæque manus vestigia parietes tui Lugdune testantur. Hieronymus, Epist 3. How he was slain you may see in Socrates, l 5.c 11.

[162] d For the history of these wars consult Zosimus lib 4. Pacatus his Panegyric. Sulpitius Alexander an eye witnes (apud Greg. Turon.)

[163] a Non insula erat hæc Sicilia sed locus Germaniæ super. juxta Moguntiacum ubi Severus Imp. interfectus erat. Lamprid. Aventinus in Annal: Boi.

[164] b. Iohannes qui primam de Maximo victoriam prædixerat incruentam (ex parte Theodosij scil.) etiam hanc de Eugenio licet non absque plurima utriusque sanguine inundatione promittit. Ruffin l 2. c 32.

[165] d Sic docet Gothofridum in Chron Cod. Theod. e legibus scil: quas Thodosius tunc dedit Stobis et mox Scupis.

[166] Socr. l 5. c 14

[167] a Greg. Naz: in vita sua, supra. & Baron ad Ann 378. sec 59.

[168] Sozom. l 7. c 12

[169] 16 Cod. Theod. lex 8, Tit. 5 De Hæret.

[170] 16 Cod. Theod. l 11 Tit 5 de Hæret.

[171] 16 Cod. Th. l 12 Tit 5 de Hæreticis.

[172] 16 Cod. Th. l 13 tit 5 de Hæret.

[173] 16. C. Theod. l 14. tit 5 de Hæret

[174] 16 C. Theod. l. 15 tit 5 deHæret.

[175] 16 C. Theod tit 4 de his qui super religione contendunt lex 2

[176] 16. C. Theod. lex 3. De his qui super religione contendunt.

[177] 16 Cod. Theodos. Lex 21 de Hæret De hac lege meminit Augustinus epist 50 ad Bonifacium: Quâ, inquit, Theodosius pijssimæ memoriæ promulgavitutquisquis hæreticorum Episcopus vel clericus ubi{li}bet esset inventus, decem libris auri mulctetur &c. De eadem quoque meminit ad Ianuarium Epist 68 & in disp. con{tra} Cre{sconium} <62r-a> Cresconium l 3. c 47. Atque hæc, inquit Baronius, erant arma quibus se munivit Theodosius contra Eugenium profecturus Baron. an 392, s. 27.

[178] a Lex 17. De Hæret. C. Theod

[179] b Vide Comment. Gothofredi in hanc Legem.

[180] c. Lex 26. De Hæret. C. Theod

[181] d Vide Leges 9, 13, 15, 31, 32, 35, & 52. D Hæret. C. Theod.

[182] e Vide {16} C. Theod Leg. 12 & 24 & 46 & 65 De Hæret & Leg: 13 De Paganis. & leg 4 Ne sanctum Baptisma iteretur.

[183] a Def.    

[184] a Vide supra pag    

[185] a Postit 5. § 3.

[186] b Posit 2.

[187] a

[188] b

[189] c Apoc 12.15

[190] d Apoc 17.1, 15.

[191] e Apoc 13.1.

[192] f Apoc 12.16.

[193] a. Lex. 20 de Hæret. C. Theod.

[194] b. Legi solet: pelli urbibus vicinis, proturbari,

[195] d L     de Hæret dat A.C. 394. &c

[196] e Socr. l 5. c 25, 26

[197] e Socr. l 5. c 25, 26

[198] a Baron. an 412.

[199] a

[200] De Civitate Dei l. 18, c. 53, & 54.

[201] Baron. ann 406. § 54.

[202] Baron. ann. 412. § 32

[203] a Salvian. De Gubernatione Dei lib. 3.

[204] Psal. 109.7

[205] Ezek 14

[206] lib 4

[207] Aventin. Annal. Boi. in Anthemis

[208]

[209] Ioan 5.

[210] lib 4

[211] lib. 4.

[212] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[213] lib {8}

[214] Rom 1

[215] Prov 10

[216] Isa 16.

[217] 1 Cor. 6.

[218] Baron. ann. 412

[219] Rom 1

[220] Baron. An. 428. 7

[221] Augustin. serm. de temp. Barbar.

[222] r Salvian. lib 8.

[223] 2 Cor 10

[224] Salvian lib 6.

[225] Baron ann 410. § 44.

[226] Oros. l. 1 c. 6.

[227] Hier. 5.

[228] Salv: lib: 6.

[229] Ezek. 33.7. & 2.17.

[230] a

[231] Hieron. contra Luciferanos.

[232] Hieron. adv. Iovinianum lib 1.

[233] Hieron. Oceano Epist 46 Tom 2.

[234] 1 Tim 3.6.

[235] 1 Tim 3.7

[236] Hieron Epist 22

[237] Hieron ep. 3.

[238] Hieron Epist 2.

[239] a De alijs in sua persona loquitur.

[240] Mich. 2

[241] Ammianus Marcellinus lib. 27.

[242] Amm. lib 15.

[243] a Apud Hilarium contra Auxentium Et Baron. a. 369. § 15.

[244] b Basil: Epist. 10

[245] c Baron. a 372. § 25 & sequ.

[246] Lex 20. De Episc Eccles. & Cler. C. Theodos.

[247] a. i.e. ex Ecclesiasticis nati.

[248] b Monachi.

[249] Hieron. Ad Nepotianum Epist 2.

[250] a L. 15. de Pœnis, & L 31 Quorum appellationes non recipiantur. Cod. Theod.

[251] b. L 16 De Pœnis Cod. Theod.

[252] L. 1. De his qui confugiunt ad Ecclesias. Cod. Theod.

[253] a Augustin. Epist 215. & Baron ann 392. § 29.

[254] a Baron. 446. § 3.

[255] b Gildas de excidio Brit. Extat apud Bibl. S. Patrum.

[256] Matt 5.

[257] Act 1

[258] a. Consule Epistolam Augustini ad Victorinum; Cassiani sextam Collationem, & Propserum in Prolog. lib. de Provid. Dei.

[259] Salvian. lib. 4.

[260] Salv. lib. 4.)

[261] Luc. 12.)

[262] Salvian. lib. 5.

[263] Ioan.

[264] a Franci Pagani erant, & Hunni Paganorum incultissimi.

[265] lib. 6.

[266] lib. 6.

[267] 1. Cor. 7.

[268] Salv. De Gub. Dei lib 7.

[269] Iudges 7.2

[270] Orac. Sibyll. lib. 3, apud Heroldi Monumenta Patrum.

[271] a

[272] b

[273] c. Apoc. 12.15.

[274] d. Apoc. 17.1, 15.

[275] e. Apoc. 13.1.

[276] f Apoc. 12.16.

[277] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[278] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[279] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[280] a Apoc. 12.16.

[281] b. Apoc 12.15.

[282] c. Apoc 17. 1, 15.

[283] d. Apoc. 13.1.

[284] Sigonius de Occid Imperio.

[285] Sigon. de Occid. Imperio.

[286] a. Theodoret. l 5 c 32 & 33.

[287] b. Sozom. l 8. c 4 Socrat. l 6. c 6.

[288] b. Sozom. l 8. c 4 Socrat. l 6. c 6.

[289] k. Iornandes Getius ponit hunc transitum in Pannoniam Stilicone et Aureliano Coss.

[290] c. Baron: Annal. An: 403 sec 50 & 52 Gothofredus in Chron. Cod. Theod

[291] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[292] e Marcelline

[293] f. Oros. l 7. c 37.

[294] g Prosper. Chron

[295] h. Augustin. de Civ: Dei. l. 5.

[296] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[297] Zosim. l. 5.

[298] * i.e. Achaiam.

[299] Baron. Annal. Ad. ann. 395 sec 16 & 17.

[300] Claud. in Ruffin. l 2

[301] * i.e. Athenienses

[302] Socr. l 7. c 10.

[303] Claud: in Ruffin. lib 2.

[304] * Ruffinus scil:

[305] Claud. de Ruffin lib 1.

[306] * Ad Stiliconem de Ostrogothis loquitur.

[307] * Promoti.

[308] Zosim. l 5.

[309] Claud in Eutropium lib 2.

[310] * Socr. Hist l 6. c 6.

[311] * i.e. Ostrogothorum

[312] ✝ In Bib. S. Patr.

[313] Gothofr. Comment. in 9 Cod. Theodos. Tit. 35.

[314] * Αίβυες

[315] Claud. de Laudibus Stiliconis lib 1. scripto A.C. 440 circiter

[316] * Stiliconem alloquitur.

[317] Sozom. l 8. c 2{illeg}

[318] Sozom. l 9. c 5

[319] a Marcellinus in chron. refert ad sequentem annum, quem sequitur Gothofredus, conspirantibus etiam nonnullis Imperatorum edictis, quod est character certissimus.

[320] Philostorg. lib 11 cap 8.

[321] * i.e. Austuriani

[322] * Natolia.

[323] a. Vide Socratem lib 6, cap 6. Et Sozom. lib 8, c 4.

[324] Philostorgius Lib 12. cap 2.

[325] a. Saturiani, Austuriani, Ausuriani & Auxoriani ijdem sunt ut probat Gothofredus Commentar in hanc Legem.

[326] Claud. in Eutropium lib 1.

[327] a Eutropius.

[328] b. De serenitate Occidentis hac tempestate vide postea sub initio Tubæ sequentis.

[329] a πας χορτος omne genus herbæ, ad trientem scilicet.

[330] b Fig

[331] Def

[332] c. Orosius l 7 c 36 Marcelline

[333] Zosim. l 5.

[334] * Gildonem apud Zosimum.

[335] (omnia hoc inserendum supra.

[336] Claud: in laudes Stilic. lib. 1.

[337] Claud. in laudes Stilic. lib. 1.

[338] Claud: de Bello Getico. Carmen A.C. 403 compositum.

[339] Claud. De Bello Getico.

[340] Claud: in 6 Cons: Honorij.

[341] * Eridanum

[342] Oros l 7. c 37

[343] Prudentius in Symmachum lib: 2.

[344] a Sozom l 8. c 25

[345] b

[346] c, Orientale scilicet hoc est, Daciam et Macedoniam, ut e Notitia Imperij Romani discimus.

[347] d. Olympiodorus apud Photium.

[348] Freculphi Chron. Tom: 2, l 5, c 2.

[349] a Idem fortè ac Roas confers Octans in Imperio Hunnorum.

[350] D. Augustin. de Civit. Dei lib 5. c 23

[351] Oros. l 7. c 37

[352] * NB. Non singuli homines sed greges hominum totidem aureis vendelantes

[353] [a Theodor. Hist. Eccl. l: 5, c: 37. Et Freculphus in Chron. Tom 2, lib 5, cap 2.]

[354] a. πας χόρτος omne genus herbæ, ad trientem scilicet.

[355] b Def

[356]

a. Consule Notitiam Imperij Romani, ubi regnes et subordinatæ Provinciæ ad Imperium utrumque regnante Honorio pertinentes sigillatim recensentur.

Quo autem melius Imperia ab invicem distinguas nota quod sub Illyrico orientale eo tempore continebantur hæ Provinciæ, Achaia, Macedonia, Creta, Thessalia, Epirus uterque Macedonia salutaris Dacia Mediterranea, Dacia ripensis, Ma{illeg}a occidentalior, Dardania & Prævalitana; et hæ sub Illyrico occidentali, Pannonia utraque, Noricum utrumque, & Salvia Dalmatiarum.

[357] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[358] * Ruffinus

[359] Claudian. de bello Gildonico.

[360] Philostorg. lib 11. c 7.

[361] * i.e. Ensiforme

[362] a Instantiam habes in exercitu Roili fulgure & igneis turbinibus perdito.

[363] b.

[364]

c. Hoc Prosper in calc lib 1 Euseb. Chron refert. ad A.C. 395 his verbis: Anno primo Arcadij et Honorij Constantinopolis eminentem iram Dei igne super nubem terribiliter fulgente formidans toto ad pœnitentiam animo conversa subterfugit.

[365] Augustinus de excidio Vrbis cap 5.

[366] a Def    

[367] b Def    

[368] c Def    

[369] Claud. in laudes Stiliconis lib 1.

[370] Claudian de Bello Getico.

[371] Sozom. l. 9. c 4.

[372] Sozom l 9. c 6.

[373] Sozom. l 9. c 16.

[374] Anni hujus determinationem vide infra in Commentario de 10 cornibus, p    

[375]

[376] Vide Cambden Britan

[377] b Zosim lib. 6.

[378] c Gildas. Beda. Hist: Miscell.

[379] c Gildas. Beda. Hist: Miscell.

[380] d Vide Baron. an 410. § 56, 57.

[381] r. Vide Baronium ad Ann. 410. § 56, 57.

[382] a. Gildas Ethelwedus edit. Londin. f 474. b.

[383] b Basso et Philippo Coss

[384] Zosim l 5

[385] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[386] c Zos: l: 5.

[387] d Sozom l 9. c 6

[388] e Marcellin. Chron.

[389] Zos: lib. 5.

[390] Philostorg. lib 12. c 3.

[391] a Cum Orosius, Sozomenes, Socrates Olympiodorus cæteresque omnes non nisi de unica Vrbis per Alaricum expugnatione loquantur; hæc non de expugnatione sed de deditione urbis ex compacto, civibus ad id coactis, intelligenda videntur.

[392] Vel potiùs jusserat. Zosim. Sozom. Procop.

[393] Vide Comment. Gothofredi.

[394] d. De Vrbis incendio meminerunt etiam alij. Alaricus, Varano Coss. Vrbem Romam invasit partemque ejus cremavit incendio. Marcellin Chron. Barbari qui cum Ala < insertion from f 143v > Alaricho erant quicquid obviam fuit igni ferroque vastantes, ad extremum Romam quoque ipsam occuparunt, maximamque partem admirandorum illic operum incendio conumpserunt. Socr l. 7 cap 10. x⃟ Tertia < insertion from lower down f 143v > x⃟ Tertia die barbari, quam ingressi urbem fuerant sponte discedunt facto quidam aliquantarum ædium incendio. Et ne quisquam forte dubitaret ad correptionem superbæ lasciviæ & blasphemiæ civitatis, hostibus fuisse permissum, eodem tempore clarissima urbis loca fulminibus dirutæ sunt quæ inflammari ab hostibus nequi verunt Oros l 7. c 39. < text from f 143v resumes > 🅇 Vrbs ~ < insertion from lower down f 143v > 🅇 Vrbs inclyta et Romani Imperij caput uno hausta est incendio. Nulla est regio quæ non exules Romanos habeat. In cineres & favillas sacræ quondam Ecclesiæ conciderunt. Hieronymus ad Gaudentium Epist 12. Cæterùm de Ecclesijs hæc Hieronymus pro more Monachorum malitiosè dixisse videtur. Nam Alarichus omnia sacra in tanto honore habuit ut non tantum {peperietit} confugientibus ad Ecclesias, sed et spolijs ecclesiarum etsi ditissimis & in medium prolatis abstinendum esse jussit, dicens se non cum Apostolis sed cum Romanis bellum gerere. Oros: l 7. c 39. Potuere tamen incendia aliarum ædium & fulmina de quibus loquitur Orosius nonnullas Ecclesias corripere. < text from f 143v resumes > < text from f 143r resumes >

[395]

e Sic de cæde: Alarico, inquit Idatius, Romam ingresso, cùm intra et extra urbem cædes agerent, omnibus indultum est qui ad sanctorum limina confugerunt.

Cæterùm Alarici clementia quod confugientibus ad Ecclesias , secus quàm solent urbium expugnatores barbari peperuit, ab omnibus plurimùm laudatur. Vide D. Augustinum De civ. Dei l 1. c 1

[396] r De hac Campani deprædatione vide etiam Iornandem Geticis Cap. 30. P. Diac. Historiam miscellam lib: 13. Palladium dialog: 13

[397] a Palladius dialogo 13. Iornandes Get: c 30. Hist: miscel lib 13.

[398] b. Olympiodorus apud Photium & Hist miscel: lib 13.

[399] c Idatius in Chron refert obitum ejus ad eundem annum quo Romam cœpit. Isidorus dicit mox post captam Romam.

[400] X. Cassiodor: Chron. Prosper.

[401] d Iornand: Get.

[402] e Sigonius de Occ. Imp.

[403] f Prosper

[404] f Prosper

[405] g Idatius

[406] Prosper in Prolog. lib. de Provid. Dei.

[407] a scriptum puto circa finem 416 .

[408] d. Oros: l: 7, c: 42. Heraclinus cum 703 navibus armatis ad urbem Romam depredandam venit contra quem Marius comes egressus sic eum parterrit ut tantum cum una navi Carthaginem fugeret: ubi mox ingressus interfectus est. Iornand. Regn. success.

[409] e Sozom l 9. c 8.

[410] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[411] Hieron. Præf. in lib. 1. comment. in Ezek.

[412] Def.    

[413] b Oros

[414] c. Baron: ad An: 253 sect 48

[415] d Euseb. Hist. l 8 c 25.

[416] e

[417] f Euseb. Hist. l 8. c 13.

[418] g. Baron ad Ann 304 sect 8

[419] g. Baron ad Ann 304 sect 8

[420] h. Euseb. Hist l 8. c 14.

[421] Gen. 49.9.

[422] Deutr. 33.17.

[423] a

[424] d It is not No man but in general οὐδεὶς none

[425] d It is not No man but in general οὐδεὶς none

[426] a ἐν μέσω του θρόνου I suppose is, in or by the {midst} of the foreside, before him that sate upon the throne: for the same Phrase was used a little before to expres the position of the 4 Beasts over against the midst of the sides of the Throne.

[427] Fig.    

[428] a Secundus equus exire dicitur: sed de quibus cane cellis non dicitur: Putem ego de longinquis quibusdem Nam Insessores de longuinquo ad Aulam illam cælestem accessio meliùs denota exaltationem Imperatorum de inferiori statu ad solium Imperiale quam si de medio exeunt, Thronum Dei sacrum et summum a tergo derelinquerent.

[429] a Themist Orat. 5 ad Theodos.

[430] b ffortè Marcum Antoninum: nam Antoninus Pius potiùs Gallus erat quam Hispanus.

[431] b ffortè Marcum Antoninum: nam Antoninus Pius potiùs Gallus erat quam Hispanus.

[432] a Hunc etiam Herodianus (l. 4) vocat in foro versatum et legum consultissimum.

[433] ✝ Suet. Vespas. Idem refert Tacitus l. 5. p 965 & Iosephus de bello Iud. l 7 c 12 in fine.

[434] ✝ lib 3 Hist. c 32.

[435] Victor de Cæsar. In Epitome autem sic eum laudat. Iste talem se publicæ præbuit: qualem vix ægreque exprimere {valuere} summorum scriptorum miranda ingenia, — per multos atque atroces tyrannos perdito atque prostrato statu Romanj, in remedium tantorum malorum divinitùs credebatur opportunè datus.

[436] Eutrop l 8.

[437] * sc. Persico.

[438] a In another place Orosius recconning up ten plagues which God poured upon the Empire as of old upon Egypt for persecuting the church saies. Tertia sub Trajano plaga Iudæos excitavit cum antea ubique dispersi, ita jam quasi non essent quiescerent; repentino omnes calore premoti, in ipsos inter quos erant toto orbe sævierunt Oros. l. 7. c. 25

[439] b Author optimæ fidei de locis Apostolicarum Actuus inter opera Hieronymi: Salamis ait Civitas in Cypro insula nunc Constantia dicta, quam Trajani principis tempore Iudæi, interfectis omnibus accolis, deleverunt.

[440] a NB Ad usque annum 15 vel 16 Imperij sui, Trajanus Trajanus gentes Orientales strenuè devicit. Anno 16 gentes istæ defecerunt. Anno 17 Iudæi etiam rebellarent Atque Annos 18 19 & 20 bellum Iudæis allatum: quo vix finito Imperator obijt.

[441] a Goodwin's Antiq l: 3. s: 1. c: 7.

[442] a Goodwin's Antiq l: 3. s: 1. c: 7.

[443] * Non in candida sed in competitorum grege. Sensu tali non ut candidatum principis in campano prodijsse ut unum ex competitoribus gratia tamen Marci cæteris esse prolatum. Egnatius in locum.

[444] * hoc est in milites animadvertens magis quàm in alios; ita ut latrocinium æ militibus vitio Ducum aut etiam Præfectorum commissum esse, vix experiens intelligeret.

[445] * Apud Baron Ann. 201. § 28.

[446] De hoc Senatus ita judicavit, illum aut nasci non debuisse aut non mori, quod et nimis crudelis et nimis utilis reip. videretur. Spartian.

[447] a Ad Imperij 6tum annum has cædes refert Baron.

[448] De Chænice vide Caspar. Waserum de Antiqu. mensur. l. 2. c 3 & Budæum T & Erasmum schol. in lib. 2 Hieronymi adv. Iovinianum. Villalpandum proæm. in Ezek.

[449] Casaub. nota. in Spart. de Severo.

[450] c Budæus

[451] a Vide Casaubonum in locum.

[452] b. That these gifts of Severus were for a perpetual supply may be gathered not only from this passage of Lampridius but also from this of Victor Remotæ Olei Frumentique adventitia præbitiones, quas Tripolis & Nicæa – Severi Imperio gratantes, Civi obtulerant. Victor in Constantino.

[453] a Baron. an 197. § 3 & 210 § 1.

[454] b. Severo & duobus filijs

[455] Baron an 210

[456] Spartian

[457] Decius imperavit 2 an. 6 mens. Gallus 2 an 4 mens. Valerianus 6 an. Galienus post Valerianum 9 ann. fere Petav. Doct. Temp. l. 11, c. 26.

[458] Zosim. l. 1.

[459] * Gallus cum Volusiano fil.

[460] a Euseb: Chron. & Eutrop: l. 9.

[461] b Temporibus Valeriani et Gallieni Crocus ille Alemannorum rex commoto exercitu, – universa Gallias pervagatur cunctasque ædes quæ antiquitus fabricatæ fuerant, a fundamentis subvertit. Greg. Turonens. l: 1 c: 30.

[462] c. Hispania duodecim annis ferè sub Barbaris laboravit regnante Gallieno. Oros. l: 7. c: 41.

[463] d Hos hominum et navium numeros Pollio fidenter asseverat, Eique assentitur Ammianus lib: 31 & Zosimus l. 1, si modò in Zosimo, πλοιἀ ἑξακισχίλια pro πλοια ἐς δις-χιλια, corruptè jam scribi, cùm Casaubono putemus.

[464] d Hos hominum et navium numeros Pollio fidenter asseverat, Eique assentitur Ammianus lib: 31 & Zosimus l. 1, si modò in Zosimo, πλοιἀ ἑξακισχίλια pro πλοια ἐς δις-χιλια, corruptè jam scribi, cùm Casaubono putemus.

[465] Iorn. l: 1, de Reg Success.

[466] a See the Catalogue of Emperours in Onuphrius lib. 1 Romanorum Principum.

[467] a Apud Euseb. Hist l 7. c 17.

[468] b Per bellum intelligit intestinum illud in Ægypto quod dirissimam fuisse describit in alia epistola apud Euseb. l 7. c 16.

[469] * Regio est Thraciæ juxta Hæmum montem.

[470] a Vide Pollionem in Gallicum Pontium in vita Cypriani, Pompo Lætum, Iornand Cedrenum &c.

[471] b Lipsius de Constant. 2. 23.

[472] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[473] d Sub Imperatore Gallieno, cùm Romanas Provincias barbaries usque quaque pervaderet: quàm multos fratres nostros, qui tunc erant in {illeg}ne putamus propinquum finem [nidi nempe] crede potuisse? Augustin Epist. 80. Ad Hesychium.

[474] a Baron an 2{illeg} §12. Alij hos consules ad an: 259 referunt.

[475] a. Dioclesianus animadvertens consortem Imperij opus esse ut citiùs pacem ubique redderet, Maximianum legit. Pomp. Læt.

[476] b Cùm per omnem orbem terrarum res turbatæ essent, & Carausius in Britannijs rebellaret Achilleus in Oriente, Africam Quinquegentiani infestarent, Narseus Orienti bellum inferret, Dioclesianus Maximianum Herculeum ex Cæsare fecit Augustum, Constantium & Maximianum Cæsares. Eutrop l 9

[477] a See the discours of the terrestrial Paradise.

[478] b Niceph. Hist. Eccles. l: 9. c. 18.

[479] c Malo ordine hæc: nam his posteriora fuere bella priùs memorata

[480] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[481] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[482] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[483] d Oros.

[484] e Baron: Ann. 253. §48.

[485] a Otto Frisingens. l 4. c 45. Petrus de Natalibus. Baronius an. 297.

[486] f. Euseb. Hist. l. 8. c. 25.

[487] f. Euseb. Hist. l. 8. c. 25.

[488] Eutychius in Annal.

[489] g Beda de 6 ætat. mundi. Freculphus. Anastasius. Platina. Marianus Scotus

[490] h Euseb. l. 8. c 13.

[491] K. Baron. Ann. 304 §8.

[492] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[493] l. Euseb. l. 8. c. 14.

[494] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[495] ✝ Euseb. l. 8, c. 23.

[496] b Metaphrastes & Magd. Cent. 4. c. 12. Martyres vicies mille passos Nicomediæ Metaphrastes refert. Magdeb: Cent: 4. c. 12.

[497] ✝ Euseb. l. 8, c. 23.

[498] m Apud Scalig. de Emendat. Temp. l 5 de primo anno Dioclesiani et Coptiani.

[499] a Maxentius victus est 16 Kal Novemb. A.C. 312. Constantinus post biduum Romam venit, ibidemque bimestri fermè egit. Tunc pergit Mediolanum, amicitias init cum Licinio, eique mox dat filiam in matrimonium (Gothofred. in Chron. C. Th.) atque ambo sic conspirante edictum scribunt pro Christianis, mittuntque ad Maximinum: quo ille compulsus, edicto etiam suo mox pacem restituit Orienti: (Euseb. l. 9, c. 8.) Atque adeò Persecutio decem annis completis cessavit A.C. 313 tempore verno.

[500] b. Eusebius in Chron. ponit Christianos milites primò exagitatos anno Diocl. 17, reditumque Galerij a bello Persico, & Triumphum Imperatorum fuisse Anno 18, ac initium persecutionis mox secutum Anno 19 mense Martio.

[501] c Euseb. Chron. & Cedrenus.

[502] d See Euseb. l 10 c 8. & Baron An 16. §10 & sequ.

[503] e Vide Gothofred. in Chron. Cod. Th.

[504] a L. 1. & 2, de Malefic. Cod. Theodos.

[505] L. 1. de Pagan. Cod. Theod.

[506] * i.e. derasum, disjectum, exustum. Vide Gothofredum in Locum.

[507] L. 5 de Episc. Cod. Theodos.

[508] d Goth. in Chron. C. Th. Ad ann. 324 & 326.

[509] e. Euseb in Vita Constant. l. 2. c. 44

[510] f Vita Const: l: 2. c: 54

[511] Oros. l. 7. c. 23.

[512] a Gothofred. Chron C. Th. & Comment in Philostorg.

[513] a L. 2 de Sepulchris Cod. Theod. – Vide Gothofred. in locum.

[514] L. 2 de Pagan. Cod. Theod.

[515] L. 4 de Pagan. C. Theod.

[516] L. 5 de Pagan. Cod. Theod.

[517] L. 6 de Pagan. Cod. Theod.

[518] Iulian. Imp. in Orat. 7 ad Heraclium.

[519] a

[520] b Vide Gothofredi Notas in Orat. Libanij pro Templis in fine.

[521] L. 3. de Pagan. C. Th.

[522] a A Gothofredo in Opusculis ejus edita.

[523] a De Valentiniano Ammianus l 29 scribit quod inter religionum diversitates mediu stetit, nec quenquam inquietavit, neque ut hoc coleretur impetravit aut illud. Zosimus etiam l. 4, ait Prætextatum quendam ei. sub initio imperij suasisse ut gentibus mysteria concederet, etiam nocturna sacra. Atque idem testatur hoc edictum ejus. Aruspicinam ego nullum cum maleficiorum causis habere consortium judico neque ipsam aut aliquam præterea concessam a majoribus religionem genus esse arbitror criminis: Testes sunt leges a me in exordio Imperij mei datæ, quibus unicuique quod animo imbibisset, colendi libera facultas tribulata est. Nec Aruspicinam reprehendimus, sed nocenter exerceri vetamus. Dat. 4 Kal. Iun. Gratiano A. 2, & Probo Coss. L. 9 de Malefic. Cod. Theodos. Hinc Symmachus paganus similem licentiam a filio ejus Valentiniano petens, sub finem dixit: Eum religionum statim petimus qui divo parenti culminis vestri servavit Imperium, qui fortunato principi legitimos suffecit hæredes. Spectat Senior ille Divus, & ara <208r-a> siderea lachrymas sacerdotum, & se culpatum putat more violato quem libenter ipse servabat. Cæterum de hoc plura vide apud Baronium et Gothofredum

[524] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[525] r Symmach. lib. Relationis, & Baron. an. 382. §46, & an. 383 §5.

[526] a Ad usque Licinium victum & dissidium Constantini cum urbe Roma, Pagani Constantinum pro Pagano habuere, ut ex hoc loco, et Zosimo l 2 manifestum est

[527] b Christum.

[528] c Docet hic Libanius Constantinum post victum Licinium opes ac donaria Templis ad condendam Constantinopolin detraxisse, non tamen eo tempore cultum inhibuisse: quo constat id quod supra ostendimus, cultum & notia nisi post Constantinopolin conditam inhibitum.

[529] a Monachi qui pullatis vestibus utebantur.

[530] c Templorum partem Congè majorem in agris fuisse probat Gothofredus in Comment. in Orat. pro Templ. vide et L. 3 de Pagan. C Th.

[531] e In eadem Oratione Libanius sic blandè alloquitur Theodosium: Sed neque tales [scil. Paganos] ab honoribus submovisti quin et Magistratus contulisti & convivas fecissi. Idque et multoties antea fecisti, & nunc præter alios tibi sociasti (conducere id Imperio censens) virum per Deos juvantem, tum apud alios tum apud te quoque, neque succenses, neque injuria affici hujusmodi jurejurando putas, neque omnino malum esse, meliores spes in Dijs habentem. Cùm igitur tu nos non abigas, quemadmodum neque ille qui Persas armis fugavit [Iulianus sicil.] quomodo subditos aliter hanc in partem quam ipsi sentientes fugant Monachi? Vide et Comment Gothofredi in locum.

[532] p L. 10, 11 12 de Pagan. C. Theod.

[533] q L. 2, de Monach C. Theod

[534] q L. 2, de Monach C. Theod

[535] h De Gothis in Italia & Wandalis in Africa Idololatriam pessundantibus, vide Baronium an. 409: §3, 4. & an 439. §34, qui Barbaros ideo in imperium immissos vult ut Idololatriam funditùs tollerent.

[536] r Ambros ep. 15 ad Eugenium. Baron an. 395. §37

[537] h De Gothis in Italia & Wandalis in Africa Idololatriam pessundantibus, vide Baronium an. 409: §3, 4. & an 439. §34, qui Barbaros ideo in imperium immissos vult ut Idololatriam funditùs tollerent.

[538] c Post Iulianum Principes Christiani sacra gentilium permittentes, ipsi Pontificatum Maximum gesserunt usque ad an. 381 vel 382 circiter, quo tempore Gratianus denuò rejecit (Zos.) Nam proculdubio Constantius (si non et Constantinus) hunc Pontificatum prius rejecerat, qui plusquam alius quisquam religionem Gentilem conculcabat et abolere nitebatur.

[539] d Patet ex Oratione Libanij pro Templis.

[540] e In eadem Oratione Libanius sic blandè alloquitur Theodosium: Sed neque tales [scil. Paganos] ab honoribus submovisti quin et Magistratus contulisti & convivas fecissi. Idque et multoties antea fecisti, & nunc præter alios tibi sociasti (conducere id Imperio censens) virum per Deos juvantem, tum apud alios tum apud te quoque, neque succenses, neque injuria affici hujusmodi jurejurando putas, neque omnino malum esse, meliores spes in Dijs habentem. Cùm igitur tu nos non abigas, quemadmodum neque ille qui Persas armis fugavit [Iulianus sicil.] quomodo subditos aliter hanc in partem quam ipsi sentientes fugant Monachi? Vide et Comment Gothofredi in locum.

[541] d Patet ex Oratione Libanij pro Templis.

[542] g Vide Comment. Gothofredi in L. 7, 10, 11, 12. de Pagan. Cod. Theod.

[543] h De Gothis in Italia & Wandalis in Africa Idololatriam pessundantibus, vide Baronium an. 409: §3, 4. & an 439. §34, qui Barbaros ideo in imperium immissos vult ut Idololatriam funditùs tollerent.

[544] g Vide Comment. Gothofredi in L. 7, 10, 11, 12. de Pagan. Cod. Theod.

[545] * Sic legit Ambrosius in l. 2 contra Symmachum

[546] ✝ Iulianus Imp. ubi, abolitis quæ verebatur, adesse sibi liberum tempus faciendi quæ vellet advertit, sui pectoris patefecit arcana & planis absolutisque decretis aperiri templa, arisque hostias admoveri, & reparari. Deorum statuit cultum. Ammian l. 21. Edictum per totum orbem vulgavit quo Idola instaurari imperabat. Chron. Alexandr. Divulgato per universum terrarum orbem mandato præcepit ut Idolorum templa instaurarentur, aræ excitarentur, pristini dæmonibus honores redderentur. Chrisost. Orat. 2 in Babylam Mart.

[547] ✝ Iam, paucissimi remanserunt, qui nunquam aliquo persequente puniti sunt. Oros: l: 7. c. 28.

[548] Symmach. Relat. Prudent. l. 1 adv. Symmach.

[549] c Ambr. l. 2 adv. Symmach.

[550] d Probat Baron. an. 383. 41 & 384. 7.

[551] L. 7 de Pagan. Cod Theod.

[552] a

[553] b

[554] ✝ pedes ad pugnam compositos, pugnaces exercitus ut olim Cyrus. Vrsa Enim pugnat cum pedibus. Et similiter hæc Bestia in Daniele quod reliquum erat pedibus calcare dicitur.

[555] b Athanas. Apolog. Ruffin

[556] c Fulgos l 7. c 3 Sulvitius Severus

[557] d. Theod. 2.16

[558] a Theod. l 5. c 16.

[559] pag    

[560] a Roma capta est 9 Kal. Sept. (Paul: Diac. {illeg}

[561] pag    

[562] a. Roma capta est 9 Kal. Sept (Paul Diac. Sigebert. {illeg} A.C. {illeg} statuant) 410.

[563] b Gormand Get. Sigebert.

[564] c Claud. & Pruden in locis supra citatis pag.    

[565] d Oros l. 7, c 38.

[566] e Oros. Philostorg{ius} Olympiodor.

[567] a Sigebert

[568]

[569] b. In nonnullis editionibus, ponitur Alemannorum, sed in edit. Bladij A.C. 1512 (quæ cæteris, vetustior est) legitur Alanorum Id quod et sensus loci requirit et Authorum testimonium, tradente Sigeberto, Trithemio, Authore Annalium Bonorum, Vasæo, Bacchero, alijsque Resplendialem fuisse Regem Alanorum.

[570] a Moguntiam

[571] b Gundicarij

[572] a Vide Idatium Isidorum, Victorem Procopium, aliosque.

[573] b Procop. Wand.

[574] c Isidor. in calce Regni Wand.

[575] d Vide Idatium, Isidorum, Vasæum, Iohan Biclaxiensim.

[576] e Isidor.

[577] e Isidor.

[578] e Isidor.

[579] e Isidor.

[580] f Vasæus, p 635. Bucher p 436 sect 6.

[581] g Isidor Petavi' Doct. Temp.

[582] h Idatius, Isidor, Vasæus.

[583] l Bucher p 437 & sequ.

[584] m Prosper.

[585] n Bucher p 441

[586] p Prosper, Bucher pag. 441. In vita S. Germini apud Surium (Tom. 3, c 3 Iulij) narratur hæc Eocharici historia, nisi quod Alemanni pro Alanis corruptè seribuntur. Potentia reg < insertion from f 18v > Potentia regni hujus eo regnante exinde colligi potest quod in dicta historia Rex ferocissimus appellatur & subditi ejus gens bellicosissima. < text from f 19r resumes > reg

[587] q Iornand. Get. Sigebert Paul Diac. misc. lib 15

[588] q Iornand. Get. Sigebert Paul Diac. misc. lib 15

[589] r {Iochert}. Sidonius lib 1 epist 15

[590] r Sozom. Sedemus lib 8. epist 15

[591] s Iornandes

[592] z P. Diac. misc {ven} ad Eutrop continuat.

[593] ✝ Marcellin chron Cassiodor Chron.

[594] v Marcellin Chron

[595] x Oros l 7. c 38 Iornand: Get. Hieronymus ad Gerontium. Freculph: chr l 5, c 5. Paul. Diac Misc. l 13.

[596] y Bucher l 14. c 4.

[597] a Prosper. Cassiodor Nota; hic in Prospero legitur [Peretio] pro [per Ætium.]

[598] a Prosper. Cassiodor. Hic in Prospero ubi dicit universe pene gens cum rege Peretio deleto pro Peretio lege [ Per Ætium] nam regi nomen mox erat Gundicarius, ut habet Cassiodorus.

[599] b Prosper

[600] r Greg. Tur: l 2, c 9

[601] c Prosper. Cassiodor. Iornand. Greg: Turonensis. Bucher. Sigebert.

[602] e Greg: Turon. l 2 c 32, 33.

[603] f Bucher p 556.

[604] h Sigebert

[605] k Petav: De Doctr: Temp.

[606] * Savoy

[607] a Bucher p 428 sec 38 p 430 sect 49.

[608] * Colonia Agrippina

[609] b Trithem annal p 62.

[610] y Carion Chron. Gutberlethus Chron. Bucher p 430 sec 49. Pezelius {Malif:} Histor. &c.

[611] c {illeg} Apocalypsin.

[612] d Carion in {illeg} p 296.

[613] e Bucher. Sige{illeg}

[614] f Bucher p 41{illeg} sect 2 & p 424 sect 21.

[615] {illeg}

[616] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[617]{illeg}

[618] a Prosper. Idat. chro

[619] b Baron: ann 42{illeg} §>1, 2.

[620] c Prosper in {Euseb} l {illeg}

[621] d. Prosper in Eus. l 1.

[622] h Bucher p 453.

[623] {k} Bucher optimè p 616 & p 453.

[624] l Prosper

[625] l Felice et Tauro Coss: [i.e. A.C. 428] Pars Galliarum propinqua Rheno, quam Franci possidendam occupaverant ab Ætio comite recepta.

[626] m Greg. Turon. Hist l 2. c 9 excerpta ex Fredegario, & Ivo Carnotensis.

[627] * Somona vel Sumina.

[628] n Salv. de Gub. Dei l 6.

[629] o Sidon. in Avito vers 373.

[630] z Sidon in Majoram

[631] p Greg. Turnon l {illeg} c 38.

[632] q Bucher p 445

[633] * Divodurum in Lotharingia.

[634] * corruptè legitur valitudine

[635] * Arborichus

[636] Procop Vand. l. 1.

[637] Sigon. De Occ. Imp. l 11

[638] a Chron. M.S. in Archivis Trin. Coll. Cantabr. scriptum A.C. 914 circiter.

[639] b Ethelwerdus f 474

[640] c Zos l 6. p 830

[641] d Bucher p 466. Vsser p 1096.

[642] e Bucher p 481.

[643] f. Vsser. Brit. Eccl. p 402. Prisc Defens. Brit Hist p 119.

[644] q Vsser p 333.

[645] r Prosper

[646] s Bucher p 481

[647] t Prosper

[648] v Beda, l. 1 c 13. Freculph. p 637

[649] x Ethelwerd f. 474. Beda l 1, c 15 Chron. prædict. M.S

[650] y Ethelwerd f 474b Vsser p 404. Chron prædict M.S.

[651] a Vsser p 1115

[652] b Vsser p 375 Sigebert.

[653] c Prisc. Defens. Brit Hist. p 122. Vsser Eccl. Brit p 401. Sigebert

[654] d Sigebert &c

[655] e Vide Isidorum Idatium Procopium, Iornaldem, &c.

[656] f Oros. l 7. c 43

[657] g Isidorus

[658] h Prosper in Euseb l 1

[659] k Oros l. 7, c 43. Isidor. Chron. Got.

[660] r Iornandes

[661] t Isidor. ib.

[662] m Isid: ib.

[663] n Iornand. Get.

[664] p Isidor

[665] a Idatij Chron

[666] b Idat. Cassiod. Prosper.

[667] c Idat.

[668] c Idat.

[669] c Idat.

[670] d Vide Idatium, Isidorum, Victorem, Procopium, aliosque.

[671] d Vide Idatium, Isidorum, Victorem, Procopium, aliosque.

[672] e Isidor.

[673] f: Vasæus. Bucher.

[674] b Oros l 7. c 38 Idat

[675] c Isid

[676] d Vasæus p 661

[677] e Idat. Isidorus.

[678] f Prosp

[679] f Prosp

[680] g Iornand. Get

[681] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[682] i P. Diac. ad Eutrop. continuat.

[683] k Iorn p 678

[684] l Marcellin. & Cassiod chron.

[685] a Oros. l. 7. c 38 Iornad. Get. Hieronymus ad Gerontiam.

[686] r Bucher l 14. c 4.

[687] v Prosper. Cassiodor

[688] b Prosper.

[689] c Prosper. Cassiodor. Iornand. Greg: Turonensis. Bucher. Sigebert.

[690] d. Sigebert.

[691] a Cluver. Germ. Antiqu. l 3. c 20

[692] b Carion Chron. Gutberlethus Chron Bucher p 430 sect 49. Pezelius Mellif. Historia &c.

[693] b Carion Chron. Gutberlethus Chron Bucher p 430 sect 49. Pezelius Mellif. Historia &c.

[694] c Salvian de Gubern. Dei l 6.

[695] d Salvian. Bucher Calvisius. Trithemius.

[696] e Greg. Turon l 2 c 9.

[697] f Bucher l 13, c 7. sec 21.

[698] g Oros. l 7 c 38 Idat: Chron

[699] h. Vasæus in Hisp. Chron l 3. p 635. Bucher p 436 sec 6.

[700] i Trithem in Annal p 62.

[701] k Turon. l 2, c 9.

[702] l Procop De Bel. Vand.

[703] Ments, Worms, Spira, & Strasburg.

[704] ✝ Olympiodorus.

[705] ✝ Non intellig{unt} Armoricos Geog{ra}pharum sed qu{illeg} maris accolas qui Francis erant fin{i}mi.

[706] ✝ Eos {illeg} in hoc bello {illeg} {jurisse} sentit {illeg} Bucherius lib. 13 sect. 4, n. 39 & 40.

[707] b Iornand: Get. Sigebert.

[708] c Claud. et Prudent. in locis supra citatis, pag    

[709] d Oros. l. 7, c. 38.

[710] e Oros. Philostorg. Olympiodor.

[711] a Sigebert.

[712] ✝ Regio post Arborichbant, & jam contracte Brachbant.

[713] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[714] a In nonnullis editionibus ponitur Alemannorum, sed in edit. Bladij A.C. 1512 (quæ cæteris vetustior est) legitur Alanorum. Id quod et sensus loci requirit et Authorum testimonia, tradente Sigiberto, Trithemio, Aventino in Annal. Boiorum, Va <43r> sæo, Buchero, alijsque, Resplendialem fuisse Regem Alanorum.

[715] a Moguntiam

[716] b Gundicarij

[717] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[718] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[719] ✝ Pro Asterio Constantium recte legit Bucherius lib 14. c 5. n 4 Nam Patriciatus suprema est dignitas apud Romanos quæ jam non Asterio alicui ignoto sed Constantio contigit. Is autem Patriciatum sortitus est anno 415. Prosper. Idat.

[720] ✝ Ad Barbaros potius ais Rhenum direxit qui Gallias immaserunt. Horum enim {illeg} Goarij et Gundicarij {illeg}opera Iovinus erectus regios assumpsit et {illeg}

[721] a Prosper. Idat. Chron.

[722] b Baron. an 424 § 1, 2.

[723] c Prosper.

[724] Vide Idatium Isidorum, Victorem, Procopium aliosque.

[725] b Procop. Wand.

[726] c. Vide Idatium Isidorum, Vasæum, Iohan: Biclaricensem.

[727] d. Isidor.

[728] d. Isidor.

[729] d. Isidor.

[730] ✝ Iorn: Get.

[731] x urbem Aquitaniæ.

[732] e. Vasæus {illeg} Bucher p 436, sect. 6.

[733] f. Isidor. Petavi. Doctr. Temp.

[734] g Idatius Isidor.

[735] p. Totam Hispaniam præter Cantabros vastaverant. L. Marineus Sicul l. 6, de Rebus Hispan. memorab. Sola Celtiberia mansit in fide et ‡ < insertion from the left half of f 47v > ‡potestate Romanorum, defendente et obtinente Constantino Patritio. Chron Regis Alfonsi apud Vasæum. Toletanus Hist. Vand. c. 12. Imò nec Celtiberia tota, nam Suevi partem ejus tenebant. Toletanus Hist. Vand. c. 11. < text from f 47v resumes >

[736] q. Post multas strages incendia et rapinas, tandem divisis sedibus, Barbari ad aratra conversi Romanorum residuos cœperunt, ut socios amicosque fovêre. Hist: miscell. l. 12.

[737] r . Alani Wandalis & Suevis potentebantur Isid. Got Et ex eo Petavius et Vasæus. Vasæus autem legit dominabantur pro potentebantur.

[738] h Bucher p. 437, & sequ.

[739] k. Prosper

[740] l. Bucher p. {illeg}

[741] m. Prosper Bucher {illeg} narratur hæc Eocharici historia, nisi quod Alemanni pro Alanis corrupte scribantur. Potentia Regni hujus eo regnate exinde colligi potest quod in dicta historia Eocharichus Rex ferocissimus appellatur & subditi ejus gens bellicosissima.

[742] n. Iornand: Get. Sigebert.

[743] n. Iornand: Get. Sigebert.

[744] p. Paul: Diac: Misc: l. 15. Sigebert Sidonius lib. 8. Epist. 15

[745] ✝ Iorn: Get.

[746] ✝ Iorn: Get.

[747] q. Iornandes.

[748] r. P. Diac: Misc.

[749] S. Marcellin: Chron Cassiodor: Chron.

[750] * Sic lacuno restituit Bucherius

[751] t Marcellin. Chron.

[752] v. Oros. l 7. c 38. Iornand: Get. Hieronymus de Gerontium. Freculph: chron l 5. c 5. P: Diac: Misc. l. 13.

[753] x. Bucher l 14. c 4.

[754] < insertion from f 49v > y. Prosper. Cassiodor. Hic verò in Prospero ubi dicitur Vniversa pene gens cum rege Peretio deleta, lege per Ætium ut est in Sigeberto aut si mavis lege per Hunnos ut est in Maximo. Nimirum Ætius Gundicarium Burgundionum Regem primo obtrivit pacemque ei supplicanti dedit: qua non diu potitus est, siquidem illum Hunni cum populo suo ac stirpe deleverunt ut alibi refert Prosper, quocum Cassiodorus etiam consentit. < text from f 50r resumes >

[755] z. Prosper.

[756] a. Greg. Tur. l 2. c 9.

[757] b. Prosper. Cassiodor. Iornand. Greg: Turon. Sigebert. Bucher.

[758] c. Greg. Turon. l. 2. c. 32, 33.

[759] d Bucher p. 556.

[760] e. Sigebert.

[761] f. Petav. de Doctr. Temp.

[762] ✝ Procop. de Bello Got. l. 1.

[763] ✝ Savoy

[764] * Lege invalitudine

[765] ✝ deductæ scil: in Galliam per Constantinum.

[766] * Arborichus sic enim apud Procopium legitur, ut mox audietis.

[767] b. Ethelwerdus.

[768] c. adventus hujus Legionis videtur anno 420 congruere propter nummum Honorij apud Cambdenum ultimo loco repertum, in quo sunt tres Augusti qui hoc anno tantum extitere.

[769] d. Siquidem Beda (in 6 æt. mundi) referat expeditioni utriusque legionis ad regnum Honorij, hæc posterior refieri potest in ultimum annum ejus. i.e. 423

[770] e. Gildas. Beda.

[771] e. Gildas. Beda.

[772] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[773] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[774] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[775] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[776] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[777] g. Apud Cambden Brit. Vsser. Brit. Eccles. p. 402. Prisc. Defens. Brit. Hist. p. 119.

[778] k. Vsser p. 333.

[779] l. Prosper

[780] m. Bucher p. 481

[781] n. Prosper

[782] p. Beda l. 1, c. 13. Freculph. p. 637.

[783] q. Hist. Miscell.

[784] r. Beda. Ethelwerd.

[785] s Ethelwerd

[786] q. Hist. Miscell.

[787] r. Beda. Ethelwerd.

[788] s Ethelwerd

[789] q. Ethelwerd. Beda l. 1. c 15. Chron. prædict. M.S.

[790] r. Ethelwerd f. 474. Vsser p. 404. Chron prædict. M.S.

[791] s. Beda Sigebert. Vsser p. 375.

[792] t. Vsser p. 1115.

[793] ✝ in vico Genovio non procula Monumethensi oppido. Vsser ib.

[794] v. Prisc. Defens. Brit Hist. p. 122. Vsser Eccl. Brit. p. 401. Sigebert.

[795] x De his et cæteris vide Gildam, Mattheum Westmon. Vsserum.

[796] ✝ Malgo.

[797] * Careticus.

[798] a Procop

[799] Hos et sequentes Authores a Wendelino citatos videre est in Tractatu de Lege Salis Vbi pleniùs de origine Regi Francici {disseretur.}

[800] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[801] b Libanius in vita sua. Ammian. l 31. Symmachus l. 3 epist 55, 59, 61, 67. Zosimus l. 4. Et Gothofredi comment. in L. 13 De re militari. Cod: Theod vbi vitam Richomeri plenè descriptam habes.

[802] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[803] ὀπεβάτευσαν supermearint pervagarint. Non utique loquitur de invasione aliqua Francorum transrhenanorum tempore Honorij, sed dilatationem intelligit regni cisrhenani aliquandiu in angulo Galliæ constituti, tandem verò totam Galliam invadentis & Gothos simul expellentis. Nam hujus tantùm invasionis historia est quam in sequentibus narrat. Vnde liquet eum, dum tradit originem regni hujus, neutiquam de invasione transrhenanorum cogitasse.

[804] 2. Vbi Gallias et Hispanias, sedem eorum omnium de quibus dicturus est, descripsit, indigitat partem Galliæ quam Franci primitus (τὸ παλαιὸν non semper, sed olim, puta ante exordium regni eorum) habitabant, eam esse quæ ad ostia Rheni sita paludibus abundat, hoc est regionem Campimiæ fluvijs Mosâ et Tabudâ circundatam, ubi inter alias paludes est maxima Die Peel: quam regionem Windelinus satis ostendit esse Ammiani Toxandriam locum, ubi Franci hi regnante Constantio , ausi fuerant habitacula sibi figere prælicenter; hodiéque pro indicio regionis restat oppidum quoddam juxta Diest, dictum Tessenderlo.

[805] 3. Ex humilij exordio etiam indigitantur Franci cisrhenani, siquidem transrhenani fuerint maximi momenti viri ab initio.

[806]

< insertion from f 57v >

< text from f 56v resumes >

4 Lege Armorichos. Sed eo nomine —— pag. gemina versa. < insertion from f 58v > pag 4 sup. 4. Lege Armorichos. Sed eo nomine non intelliges Armorichos Geographarum, sed Francorum finitimos qui juxta mare habitabant. Nam ex Cæsare, Hirtio, Notitia Imperij & Plinio Bucherius l. 13, c. 8, s. 4 ostendit tractum Armoricanum antiquitus latissimum esse, Cæsare lib 7 scribente, Vniversas eas Galliæ civitates quæ Oceanum attingunt, Gallorum consuetudine Armoricas appellatas.

< text from f 56v resumes >

[807] 5 Non Thuringos ultra Rhenum in Germania positos (Quid enim Augusto Cæsari cùm horum sedibus?) sed populum Imperij intelligit, eos nempe qui rectiùs Tongri appellantur & orientalem partem hodiernæ Brachbantiæ incoluere. Dein addit situm regionum quas Burgundiones suo tempore adeoque intra Gallias incolebant, earumque quas Suevi et Alemanni non in Germania ab initio tenuerant sed tunc diu invaserant. Quare cum per totum describat regiones Gallicas, certum est eum de exoticis nil cogitasse sed hic locutum fuisse de Francis Salijs cæterisque quos Imperatores olim locaverant in Gallijs, & Regnum Francorum ab ijsdem derivasse. Id quod ex eo etiam manifestum est, quod dicit hos Francos ante fœdus cum Arborichis fuisse Christianos. Nam quamvis hoc non omninò verum fuerit, tamen hinc liquet eum hic neutiquam cogitasse de Francis transrhenanis, siquidem eos omnes ante adventum in imperium, paganos fuisse satis notum erat.

[808] 4. Lege Armorichos. Sed eo nomine —— pag. gemina versa.

[809]

6 Fœdus hocce — vers 2 pag. < insertion from f 58v > 6. ffœdus hocce circa annum 416 factum este videtur quo Franci ab infæstandis Gallis tandem cessarunt. Nam [810] Ordericus Vitalis rerum Normannicarum ante annos quingentos scriptor libro quinto, ait: Cùm Galli priùs contra Romanos rebellassent, Franci ijs sociati sunt; et pariter juncti Ferramundum Lunnonis ducis filium sibi regem præfecerunt. Vnde constat bellum inter Francos et Gallos de quo Procopius loquitur præcessisse regnum Faramundi, & harum gentium primum regem communem fuisse Faramundum, ijs paulo ante electionem ejus in unum coeuntibus. Et sic probabile est unionem hanc, qua Franci magis formidabiles evaserunt, in causa fuisse quod Imperator pacem cum ijs faceret, sedibus & dignitate regia Faramundo concessis. < text from f 56v resumes >

[810] ✝ Apud Bucherum l. 14, c. 9, n. 8.

[811] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[812] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[813] a. Loc sup. cit pag.

[814] b. Carion Chron. Gutberlethus Chron. Pezelius Mellif: Histor. Bucher p 430. sect 49

[815]

c Hoc omnes fere antiqui historici qui regis hujus meminerunt, testantur.

[816] * THEVDEMER REX: cujus vultus extat in nummo aureo cum isto nomine certissimè cujus intra Gallias cùm monetariam Fabricam tunc nondum intelligeret horum rudis Germania, & quæ non Latinis uteretur aut literis aut verbis. Windelin.

[817] ✝ Constantij: Nam hi nobiles erant e factione Iovini ut supra audivistis.

[818] ✝ forte Frisij

[819] ✝ lege Consulis

[820] a Bucher l 14. c 9. n 6 p 453

[821] b Bucher optimè p 616 & p 453.

[822] q. Pluribus ostendit Windelinus natale solum harum legum, quæ brevitatis gratia prætereo.

[823] c. Felice et Tauro Coss. [an. 438] Pars Galliarum propinqua Rheno, quam Franci possidendam occupaverant, ab Ætio Comite recepta. Prosper.

[824] ✝ Excepta cap. 8.

[825] d. Greg. Turon. Hist l. 2. c. 9. et excepta ex {illeg}

[826] f. Sidon in Majorano.

[827] g. Sidon. in Avito

[828] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[829] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[830] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[831] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[832] n. Proc. l 1 de Wand.

[833] o. Niceph. l. 14. c. 56

[834] ✝ Aimoinus. Sigebert.

[835] Ivo. Otto. Gest: Franc: Epit.

[836] p. Hist. l. 2. c. 9.

[837] q. sc. quam invaserant circa tempora Gallieni

[838] r. Tongri{illeg}, in Edit: Morelij. Et sic legi debere satis probant Bucherius l. 14, c. 9, n. 3, et Windelinus in Lege Sal. c. {19}

[839] Colen

[840] * Cambray

[841] s Greg. Turon. l 2 c. 9. Epitomata Fredegarij l. 5. Aimoinus l. 1, c. 5. Sigebert alijque.

[842] t Greg. Turon. ib. Aimoinus alijque omnes.

[843] v . Nullas Germanorum populis urbes habitari satis notum est; ne pati quidem inter se junctas sedes. Colunt discreti ac diversi, ut fons ut nemus ut Campus placuit. Hæc Tacitus. Et Ammianus principio l. 16 narrat Argentoratum Brotomagum Tabernas Salisonem, Nemetas & Vangionas & Maguntiacum, civitates a Barbaris possessas, eosque territoria eorum habitare, non ipsas urbes: nam (addit) ipsa oppida ut circundata retibus lustra, declinant. It is manifest therefore these Barbarians had no towns till they began to inhabit those of the Empire, & consequently that Dispargum was on this side the Rhene.

[844] a. Greg. Turon. l. 2. c. 38.

[845] b. Vide Isidorum, Idatium, Procuopium, Iornandem, &c.

[846] c. Oros. l. 7. c. 43.

[847] d. Isidorus.

[848] e. Prosper edit. Pyth.

[849] f. Oros. l. 7. c. 43. Isidor: Chron: Got.

[850] g. Iornandes.

[851] h Isidor. ib.

[852] k Isidor. ib

[853] l. Iornand. Get.

[854] m Isidor

[855] a Ammian l 31

[856] a Ammian l 31

[857] b Oros. Isidor. Marcellin. Iornand. Sext. Aurel. Victor.

[858] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[859] ✝ in Pacetius's Panegyric that the Huns & Alans as well as the Goths, served under Theodosius in his wars against Maximus, & in Zosimus l 5 that

[860] Sigon. De Oec. Imp. l 11. Ann 411.

[861] a. Maximus in Chron.

[862] b Grot. Prolegom.

[863] c Olymp apud Photium

[864] * Aviti

[865] ✝ Iter ab Arelato per Germaniam & Noricum sub initio Imperij, ut docet Sirmondus in Commentario in hunc locum Sidonij.

[866] * Scilicet adventu Imperatoris effectum est ut Hunnorum reliquiæ promptius cederent Gothis.

[867] d. Sigebert. Iornand Get. Rugila a Sigeberto Regila, a Iornande Roas appellatur.

[868] Socr. l. 7. c. 31.

[869] Gr. Ὄυπταρος

[870] g P. Diac. Hist. Rom. l 15

[871] h. Baron. An. 444 sect 35 & 41. Sigon de Occ. Imp l       Marcellin.

[872] a Iornand

[873] a Vide Zosimum lib 5 & Gothofredum Chron. Cod. Theod.

[874] b Apud Baron. a et Rubeum.

[875] a Iornand. de Regni succes. l 1.

[876] b Annal. Boiorum

[877] c Annal. Boiorum

[878] d Greg. Turon. l 2, c 2.

[879] f Beat. Rhenan. rerum Germ. lib. 1.

[880] g Temporibus scil. Constantij Valentininia et Gratiani.

[881] Sidonius in Majoranum

[882] Lazius de Gent. migr. l 8. p 383.

[883] Nota quod Ostrogothi hoc tempore Suevos vicerunt, et Franci deinceps Alemannos A.C. 495.

[884] a Iornand. (in Get. quem in his sequunt omnes.

[885] a Iornand. (in Get. quem in his sequunt omnes.

[886] a Iornand. (in Get. quem in his sequunt omnes.

[887] Vide P. Diac. Hist Longobardica & Procopium de Bello Gothico

[888] Irenæus lib 8. c. 26.

[889] Orig. Tract. 30 in Matth.

[890] Tertullian. lib. de resurrect. carnis.

[891] Lactant l 7. c 16.

[892] Greg. Naz. Orat. de pace.

[893] D. Hieron. in {illeg}bacue 3, & item in Zach: 1.

[894] D. Augustin. De Civitate Dei l. 20, c. 23.

[895] a Apud Conc. Chal. Act. 1 ex 2 Conc. Ephes.

[896] Athanas. ad. Solit. Et Apol. 2

[897] * Baron. a. 362. § 77, 79.

[898] Apud Baron. a. 362. l {73} ex Hilar. frag. l. 1.

[899] vide Symbolum Auxentij ibidem.

[900] Ruff. hist l 1. c 6.

[901] e Vasæus. Bucher p. 436 sect. 6.

[902] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[903] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[904] Put This is to be in English, & the former marginal notes in the body of the discourse

[905] ✝ edit. Heroldi.

[906] a Apoc 12.1

[907] b Apoc. 12

[908] c Apoc 17.1, 15.

[909] d Apoc 13.1

[910] a Theodoret l 5 c 32 & 33

[911] b Sozom. l 8 c. 4. Socrat. l 6. c 6.

[912] c Sozom l 8. c 4. Socr: l 6. c 6.

[913] a Theodoret l 5 c 32 & 33

[914] a Theodoret l 5 c 32 & 33

[915] b Sozom. l 8 c. 4. Socrat. l 6. c 6.

[916] c Sozom l 8. c 4. Socr: l 6. c 6.

[917] Zosim l 5.

[918] * i.e. Achaiam

[919] Claud in Ruffin lib 2.

[920] i.e. Athenienses.

[921] Claud. in Ruffin lib 2.

[922] * Ruffinus scil.

[923] Claud. de Ruffin lib 1.

[924] * Ad Stiliconem loquitur de Ostrogothis.

[925] Claud. in Eutropium

[926] Zos. l 5

[927] alias Tirbigildus

[928] Claud. in Eutropium lib 2.

[929] * Λίβυει

[930] e Baron. Annal. An 403. sec 50 & 52.

[931] a Sozom. l 8. c 25

[932] b Marcellin

[933] c Oros. l 7. c 37

[934] f Prosper chron

[935] g D. August. de Civ. Dei l. 5.

[936] Oros l 7. c 37

[937] * Def

[938] Claud in Ruffin. l 1.

[939] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[940] b Socrat l. 6., c. 6. Sozom l. 8, c. 4.

[941] Vide infra. Sozom l. 8 c 25 compared with l 8, c 1.

[942] Socr. l 5. c 1

[943] * Ammian. l 3.

[944] Claud de bello Get.

[945] Claud in 6 cons Honorij.

[946] Claud in 6 Cons: Honorij.

[947] * Eridanum.

[948] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[949] Oro l 7. c 37.

[950] * Baron. Ann 406. Sec 1.

[951] Claud de bello Get.

[952] Claud. in laudes Stiliconis. l 1.

[953] Claud. in laudes Stil. l 1.

[954] a Def

[955] b Def

[956] c Def

[957] Claud. in laudes Stilichonis. l 1.

[958] a Ethelwedus Edit Londin. f 474 b.

[959] Zos l 5

[960] Oros l 7. c 42.

[961] c Prosper.

[962] c Prosper.

[963] d Idatius

[964] Prosper in Prolog. lib. de provid. Dei.

[965] d Oros l 7 c 42.

[966] Def

[967] æ. De Africæ regione sud Hipponensi obiter dicit Augustinus in Epistola 122 ad Victorinum A.C. 411 data: Quod eam Barbari tunc non attigerant. Exinde autem ad hujus Tubæ initium secura floruit.

[968] a Prosper. Baron ann 427. § 1 & sequ. Paul. Diac. Miscel. lib. 14. Procop: de Bell. Wand.

[969] D. August. ep. 70.

[970] b Paul. Diac. l 14.

[971]

a In Africa

a Bonifacius in Africa bis victus, prima vice Hipponem regium se recipit, ubi diu obsidetur. Interim Constantinopoli Romaque exercitus Aspare duce submissus quo adjuto Bonifacius et Afri Romani iterum confligunt et iterum vincuntur. Alij alio fingêre, Aspar Constantinopolim Bonifacius Romam ubi Placidiæ se reconciliavit Procop. Vide locum. Vide P. Dial l. 14.

In Africa Vandali ingentem lacerata omni Provincia Romanis cladem dedere. Prosper Pith.

[972] Possid. cap. 28.

[973] a Obijt Augustinus tertio mense obsidionis ejus.

[974] b Victor De persecut. Wandal. lib 1 in præf.

[975] a forte Gentium Templis quorum multa Homousiani non ut Moses, Vitulum aureum contriverunt, sed aqua sacrata superstitiosè spargendo, in proprios usus converterunt.

[976] Baron ad Ann 411. § 6.

[977] Salvian De Gubern Dei lib 6.

[978] Victor De Wand. Pers l. 1.

[979] Procop. de Bello Wandal. lib 1.

[980] Baron. Ann 465 § 33.

[981] d Apud Surium die 11 Decemb.

[982] * Græcos scil.

[983] Procop. de Bello Wand. l. 1. Niceph. l. 15. c. 27.

[984] Baron. Ann 500 § 11.

[985] Victor Hist. Wand. lib. 1, in fin.

[986] a Paul l 15. Sigonius de Occ. Imp. Iornan de Regni succes

[987] b Sigebert, sed Paul. Diac. lib. 15 ponit 700000

[988] o Vide etiam Iornand: Get.

[989] c Paul. Diac. l 15 Greg: Turon: l. 2, c. 6, 7. Beat. Rhenan. l. 1. Vita Lupi Frecensis Episc. apud Surium die 29. Iul.

[990] d Iornand: Get. alijque

[991] e Idatius. Vide et Isidorum, & Iornand: in Get.

[992] p Pompon: Læt.

[993] f Paul. Diac. l 15. Iornand: Get. Aventinus in Annal: Boi: Sigon: de Occ. Imp.

[994] g Isidor: Chron: Got.

[995] k Marcellin.

[996] h Vide Baron: ann 375. § 3, 4, 5 & 376. § 1. & Sigon de Occid. Imp. c 14.

[997] a Fig.

[998] b Fig

[999] * Ex fato suo nomen Augustuli contraxit.

[1000] d Fig.

[1001] a Fig

[1002] b Fig

[1003] b Fig

[1004] c Fig.

[1005] Apoc 16

[1006] a Matth. 23.35

[1007] a Baron an: 410. § 48. Gothofred. Comment. in hanc Legem.

[1008] b Baron & Gothofr. ibid.

[1009] Lex 51. De Hæret. C. Theodos.

[1010] c Edicto priori.

[1011] d Vide Comment. Gothofredi in legem sequ.

[1012] L 56 De Hæret. C. Theodos.

[1013] a Donatistæ Homoüsiani erant & Triunitarij, sed persecutionem passi sunt quod in schismate constituti rebaptizabant cæteros Homoüsianos. D. Augustin. in Epist 50.

[1014] b. Baron. Ann. 428. § 7.

[1015] c D. Augustin. Epist. 127.

[1016] d. Consule. Sidonij Epist. 6. lib. 7. eodem tempore scriptam Nam fabulas Monachorum de hujus æque ac aliorum persecutionibus planè contexuit Greg. Turonnensis ut metu videtur.

[1017] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[1018] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[1019] c D. Augustin Epist 127

[1020] a Victor Chron. Baron. An. 484. § 129

[1021] b Baron: An: 484. § 129.

[1022] c Victor. Chron. Baron: Ann: 504 § 23 & 45.

[1023] Procop. de Bello Vandalico.

[1024] a. Viginti jam et septem annos ducimus quod in hac urbe inter Longobardorum gladios vivimus. Greg. mag. l 4. Epist. 34. Qualiter enim et quotidianis gladijs et quantis Longobardorum incursionibus ecce jam per triginta quinque annorum longitudinem premimur, nullis ex plere vocibus suggestionis valemus. Greg. lib {11}, Epist 45 Ad Phocam Imp Indic. 6 edit. Rom.

[1025] a

[1026] a

[1027] b Baron. ad Anni 566 & sequentis.

[1028]

g. A:C. 547 Indic 10 Totila dolo Isaurorum ingreditur Romam die 16 Cal Ian: ac evertit muros, domos aliquantas igne comburens, ac omnes Rommanorum res in prædam accepit, hos ipsos Romanos in Campaniam Captivi abduxit, post quam devastationem quadraginta aut amplius dies Roma fuit ita desolata ut nec ibi hominum nisi bestiæ morarent. Marcellin. Chron.

[1029] a. De hoc obsidio sic meminit Anastasius in Vitis Pontif [A.C. 577] Pelagius 2dus ordinatur absque jussione Principis eo quod Longobardi obsiderent civitatem Romanam, & multa vastatio ab eis in Italia fieret. Eodem tempore tantæ pluviæ fuerunt ut omnes dicerent quiæ aquæ diluvij super nos inundantur & talis clades fuit qualem a seculo nullus meminit.

[1030] d Greg. Dial. l 3 c 38.

[1031] a. En illa plebe innumerabili quanti remanscritis aspicitis & tamen adhuc quotidie flagella urgent, repentini casus opprimunt, novæ nos et improvisæ clades affligunt. Greg. magn. Hom. in Luc 21.

[1032] e Baron. ad An 567 sect 15 & 16.

[1033] f. Ezek 7

[1034] Greg. in Ezek. Hom 18.

[1035] d. Vetus est vaticinium: Roma a Gentibus non exterminabitur sed tempestatibus, coruscis turbinibus, ac terræ motu fatigata in semet ipsa marcescet. Cujus prophetiæ mysteria nobis facta sunt luce clariora, qui in hac urbe dissoluta mœnia, eversas domos, destructas ecclesias turbine cernimus, ejusque ædificia longo senio lassata, quia ruinis crebrescentibus posternantur videmus. Greg. Dial. lib 2. cap 35

[1036] a

[1037] a. Belli primus annus docente Procopio, incidit in Consulatum Belisarij, hoc est in A.C. 535. Vnde initium obsidij anno 3o necessario cadet in A.C. 537. Id quod ex Maracellino confirmatur qui non tantum initium hujus obsidij ad Aureum secundum post Cons. Belisarij Indict 15 hoc est ad A.C. 537 refert, sed etiam res in alijs annis belli hujus narrante Procopio gestas, ad correspondentes annos Consulum et Indictionum. Adde quod Obsidium hoc contigit annis 60 completis post Romam ab Odoacre occupatam (Procop. Evagr. l 4. c 19) Odoacer autem occupabat A.C 476. Marcellin. Cassiodor.

[1038] b Procop. de bello Got. lib 2.

[1039] a Platina de Vit. Pontif.

[1040] Def

[1041] a Procop. de bello Got. l 1.

[1042] a Procop. de bello Got. l 1.

[1043] c. Hodiè reperta extant numismata inscripta hac DN. IVSTINIANVS AVG. illac DN. THEODAHATHVS REX. Baron ad Ann 536. s 8.

[1044] r. Præter calamitates in his Commentarijs descriptas aliæ multæ fuerunt eæque gravissimæ: et inter cæteros pestis gravissimus annorum quinquaginta duorum qui ab A.C. 544 incipiens, per totam fere hanc quartam Tubam, vastabat orbem: Evagr. Hist.

[1045] a Martinus Chron. M.S. in Archivis Trin. Coll. Cantabrigio.

[1046] Sigonius de Occ{illeg}

[1047] a Oros. l 7. c

[1048] Oros l 7. c 34.

[1049] Ammian l 31 Hieronymi chron.

[1050] Ammian. l 28.

[1051] Ib. l. 28

[1052] Ib l 29

[1053] Iornandes

[1054] a Ammian

[1055] b Iornand. Regn. succes.

[1056] a Zosim

[1057] a Zosim l 41.

[1058] Gratianus ab exercitu suo proditus et ab obijs urbibus non receptus ludibrio hosti fuit, cruentæque manus vestigia parietes tui Lugdune testantur. Hieronymus Epist 3. You may see how he was slain in Socrates l 5. c 11.

[1059] c Zos. l 4. Claudian de 1mo Honorij consulatu

[1060] d Maximus Scisciæ et Petavione et ubique terrarum victus est D. Ambros. D. Hierom in Epist 3 calls Valentinians part of the Empire recovered by this war recuperatum multo sanguine Imperium. The history of the war you may see in Zosimus l 4. [Socrates l 5. c 14. Paul Diac &c.]

[1061] e Theodosius composita tranquillitateque republica apud Mediolanum constitutus diem fuit Oros l 5. c 35. Omnibus in invicis Theodosius superatis in pace rebus humanis Mediolanum excessit Iorn de regn. succ.

[1062] Iorn. de regn. succes

[1063] a Baron. Annal. Ann. 403. sec 50 & 52.

[1064] c Marcellinus

[1065] d Orosius l 7. c 37

[1066] a This victory is attributed to the virtue of Huldin & Sarus with their Huns & Goths, whence it is like that the Romans {came} in onely to the slaughter after the others had put the east to confusion. Huldin et Sarus Hunnorum Gothorumque Reges Radagaisum continue confecerunt. Marcelin Chron.

[1067] a Baron. Ann. 406. sec. 1

[1068] a Def.

[1069] b Def.

[1070] c Def.

[1071] a. Ethelwedus edit. Londi, f. 474. b.

[1072] Oros. l. 7. c. 42.

[1073] Prosp l 2 A.C. 425 Castinus. exulat Idat Chron Prosp l 2

[1074] a Sigonius de Occid. Imp. l

[1075] a Sigonius de Occid. Imp. l

[1076] Prosper. in Prolog. lib. de provid. Dei

[1077] b Possi. c 28.

[1078] Victor de persec Wandal. lib 1 in præf.

[1079] a Procop. de bello Wand. l 2. Niceph l 15 c. 11.

[1080] Victor de Wand. pers l 1.

[1081] Procop. de bello Wandal. l 1.

[1082] Procop. de bello Wandal. l 1. Nicephorus l 15. c 27.

[1083] Def

[1084] Def

[1085] a Fig

[1086] b Fig

[1087] Sigonius de Occ. Imp. l     Iornand Get. Paul. Diac. continuatio hist Eutrop. l 15.

[1088] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[1089] Greg. Turon. l 2. c{69}

[1090] Greg. Turon. l 2. c{69}

[1091] a. Hunni erumpentes et per totam Galliam diffusi partim simulatæ pacis arte tenebant urbes partim vi expugnabant. Ex vita Lupi Frecensis Episcopi apud Sur. die 29 Iulij. ✝ Tota vastation < insertion from lower down f 17v > ✝ Tota vastatio populatori Attilæ, ascribitur. Tum Coloniæ Agrippina. Tungrorum oppidum, Novesium, Vtricensium, Castra Herculis, Vetera, Ascibargium, Noviomagus, Antennacum, Bingium, Magonciacum, Borbetomagus, Sebutium, Saletio, Brocomasus, Argentoratum, Elebus, Argentuaria, Augusta Rauricorum, Vindomissa, Forum Tiberij, Vitudurum, Aventicum, et multa alia oppida funditus destructa sunt. Non multò post Ætius auxiliantibus Gothis profligavit Attilam apud Catalaunos. Beat. Rhenan. l. 1, p. 62. < text from f 18r resumes >

[1092] r Sic Iornandes Get: sed Idatius ponit 150000 Hunnos & 200000 Gothos cæsos fuisse præter innumerabilem multitudinem quæ paulo post occubuit in alio prælio trium dierum inter Attilam & Thorismundum qui patrem Theodericum in priori prælio occisum ulsisci desiderans novum Gothorum exercitum collegerat. Isidorus autem ponit in utroque prælia trecenta fere millia prostrata.

[1093] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[1094] b Attila continuò resumpta fiducia cruentus Italiam petit Aquileiam captam funditus eradit, Ticinumque Mediolanum regias urbes excidit. Paul. Diac. Misc. Hoc tempore funientes Itali Vrbem Venetorum a regione denominatum condiderunt.

[1095] a Isidor. Hist. Got.

[1096] a See Iornandes Get. & Idatius

[1097] ✝ The Gothic war began at the invasion of Dalmatia A.C. 535 & ended A.C 555 at the overthrow of the great army of Leuthares & Buccellinus whom the Franks sent into Italy to assist the Goths: the History of all which you may see at large in Procopius & Agathias & Hist. Miscel.‡ < insertion from f 21v > ‡ in Procopius & Agathias & Hist M{iscell.} To which I may add this Passage in Chronico Divionensi apud Dacherium Tom: 1 {illeg}gij. Theodebertus Rex Francorum cum exercitu Italiam ingressus eam maritimis depopulatus est, Narcete Patricio in fugam verso. Postea Buccellinus Dux jussu Theodeberti Siciliam occupavit, totamque Italiam fugam vertit, eorumque exercitum proterit. Tandem infirmatus a profluvio ventris, exercitusque suus ea infirmitate attritus, Belisario jam interfecto a Narsete superatur & interficitur. - Miserat et Theudebertus Saxones in Italiam qui ibi commovati sunt usque ad tempora Clip Longobardorum post Albuinum Regis. < text from f 21r resumes >

[1098] a Viginti jam et septem annos ducimus quod in hac urbe inter Longobardorum gladios vivimus. Greg. Mag. l. 4. Epist. 34. Qualiter enim et quotidianis gladijs & quantis Longobardoum incursionibus ecce jam per triginta quinque annorum longitudinem premimur, nullis explere vocibus suggestionis valemus. Greg. Mag. lib. 11 Epist 45 Ad Phocam Imp Indic. 6. edit. Roma.

[1099] b Hist. Misc. lib. 18.

[1100] c. Anastas. in vita Ioan. 3.

[1101] ✝ Agathius l. 1.

[1102] ✝ Tenuit Theudericus,, inquit Grotius, Italiam, Siciliam, Rhætiam, Noricum, Dalmatiam ✝ cum Liburnia Istriáque & Suevorum ibi parte, Pannoniam illam in qua Singidon & Sirmium; Galliæ prætereæ, multa ob quæ cum Francis bella gessit, pendebant ei tributa Alemanni. Hispaniam autem regebat idem Theudericus tutoris nomine pro Amalaricho suo nepote. Quæ omnia partim apud Procopium partim apud Cassiodorum videas. Hæc Grotius in Prolegomenis.

[1103] Per Theudericum dignitas urbis Romæ non parva est restituta, muros enim ejus iste redintegravit, ob quam causam a senatu instauratam statuam meruit. Isidorus in Chron. Patricio et Hypatio Coss: Rex Theudericus Romam cunctorum votis expetitus advenit, et Senatum suum mira affabilitate tractans Romanæ plebi donavit annonas, atque admirandis mœnibus, deputata per annos singulos maxima pecuniæ quantitate, subvenit: sub cujus fælici Imperio plurimæ renovantur urbes, munitissima castella conduntur, consurgunt admiranda Palatia; magnisque ejus operibus antiqua miracula superantur. Cassiodorus in Chron.     Erat Theodoricus fama quidem Tyrannus re tamen præ se veri specimen Imperatoris ferebat, ut qui vel eorum qui a principio ea in dignitate probatiores fuissent, nemini inferior fuerit: & Gothos item ac Italos pari quadam ac summâ benevolentiâ <23r-a> suapte humanitate prosequebatur, ita {illeg} omnes (quod utique difficillimum est) ejus Imperium oblectaret. Procop. de Bello Gottico lib. 1. Idem Procopius Gothos et Belisarium sic inducit colloquentis. Gothi: Zenon Theodoricum Byzantium obsessurum suadebat ut ex Odoacre pænas ob injuriam Augustulo Imp. illatam exigeret, hunc igitur in modum nos Italiæ suscepto Imperio leges simul et Remp. salvas non minùs reddidimus quàm superiorum alius quisquam Imperatorum. - Romanorum sacraria eo in honore sunt apud nos habita ut a nullo nostratium hominum sit, qui ad ea confugerit, violatus. Omnibus præterea urbanis antehac magistratibus Romani perfungebantur, Gothus vir nemo eorum particeps factus: Vel procedat in medium qui profari nos ista non verè existimet: Addat et Consularem quispiam dignitatem, qua etsi Gothi ab Orientis Imperiatore donati Romanis tamen perfungi liberè permiserumt. Ad hæc Belisarius: Zenon quidem Imperator in Italiam Theodoricum transmisit Odoacro ut bellum inferret, non sibi ut hujus imperium vindicaret, (quid enim a Tyranno Tyrannus differt?) sed ut ea Provincia a se liberata Imperanti sibi subjiceretur. Procop. de bello Gott. Lib. 2.       Theodoricum Magistrum militum et Consulem Romanum Zenon Imperator Italiâ donavit, Senatum Populumque Romanum ei commendans. Iornandes Get. & De Regn. success. Evagrius Historicus Theodericum & Athalaricum vocat Administratores Occidentalis Imperij. Alij Imperium Occidentale ad Gothos translatum dicunt. De his vide plura apud Sigonium aliosque.

[1104] a Agathias l 1.

[1105] ✝ 4 Id. Decemb. Anastas: in vita Silvesij.

[1106] g. 9 Kal. Mart Anastas. ib.

[1107] c. Vrbem Romam ire mox pergit Vitiges equitum peditumque ad centus et qunquaginta millia dectans quorum pars maxima armis munita, vel equos ipsos {illeg} Procop De Bello Got. l. 1.

[1108] d A.C. 547. Indic 10. Totila dolo Isaurorum ingreditur Romam die 16 Kal. Ian. ac evertit muros, domos aliquantas igne comburens, ac omnes Romanorum res in prædam accepit, hos ipsos Romanos in Campaniam Captivos abduxit: post quam devastationem quadraginta aut amplius dies Roma fuit ita desolata ut nemo ibi hominum nisi bestiæ morarentur. Marcellin. Chron.

[1109] e De hoc obsidio sic meminit Anastasius in Vitis Pontificum. (A.C. 577.) Pelagius 2dus ordinatur absque jussione Principis eo quod Longobardi obsiderent civitatem Romanam, & multa vastatio ab eis in Italia fieret. Eodem tempore tantæ pluviæ fuerunt ut omnes dicerent quia aquæ diluvij super nos inundantur, & talis clades fuit - qualem a seculo nullus meminit.

[1110] f. Greg. m. Dial. lib. 3. cap. 38.

[1111] g Ex illa plebe innumerabili quanti remanseritis aspicitis & tamen adhuc quotidiè flagella urgent, repentina casus opprimunt, novæ res et improvisæ clades affligunt. Greg. Magn. Hom. in Luc. 21.

[1112] h. Baron. Ann 567. § 15, 16.

[1113] i. Ezek. 7.

[1114] NB

[1115] k. Greg. M. in Ezek. Hom. 18.

[1116] l. Vetus est Vaticinium: Roma a Gentibus non exterminabitur sed tempestatibus, coruscis turbinibus, ac terræ motu fatigata in semet ipsa marcescet. Cujus Prophetiæ mysteria nobis facta sunt luce clariora, qui in hac urbe dissoluta mœnia, eversas domos, destructas Ecclesias turbine cernimus, ejusque ædificia longo semis lassata, quia ruinis crebrescentibus prosternantur videmus. Greg. Dial. lib. 2. cap. 35.

[1117] Fig.

[1118] Fig.

[1119]

m. Phocas Imp. cœpit Novemb 23. A.C. 602, ut Petavius in Rationario temp. & notis ad Nicephori Breviarium, ex Chron. Alexandr. Theophane, Paulo Diac. Zonara, Cedreno, alijsque probavit. Et Gregorius Magnus obijt anno secundo Phocatis (P. Diac Beda Anastasius, Regino, Marianus Scotus, Hermannus Contractus Otto ffrisingensis, Vincentus in Speculo Hist. Cameracenas &c) Mart. 12 (Anastasius, Marian Scotus Platina, Martinus Chron. M.S. Onufrius &c) & vacat sedes mens. 5, dies 18 (Anastas. Platina, Martinus, Onuphrius) Tunc sedet Sabinianus An. 1, mens. 5, dies 9 (Anastas. Hermannus, Platina, Author ffaciculi Temporum, Onuphrius) vel ann. 1, mens. 10 adjuncta præcedente vacatione (Marian. Scot.) Martinus tamen ponit ann 1 mens 8 dies 9 absque ista vacatione. Obit autem Feb. 22 (Anastas.) vel 11 Kal. Mart. hoc est Feb. 18 (Marian Scot.) vel Feb 24 Indic. 10 (Cameracenas,) & vacat sedes mens. 11, dies 26. (Anastas. Platina, Onuphrius.) Dein Bonifacius 3 electus anno quinto Phocatis (Marian. Onufr. sedet mens. 8, dies 28, (Anastas. Hermannus, Martinus, Fascic. Temp. Platina,) & obit Novemb. 12 (Anastas.) vel 3 Id Decemb. (Marian. Sc. Cameracenas.) Patet igitur totum Papatum Bonifacij incidisse in annum 607 inter Feb. 18, & Novemb. 12.

Tempus obitus Gregorij Baronius e veteribus Monumentis stabilivit cæterisque hic allatis numeris (præsertim Anastasianis) assensum præbuit, nisi <30r> quod posuerit Sabinianum sedisse tantum menses quinque & dies novem, asserens omnes tam Græcos quam Latinos scriptores referre et initiam & finem ejus ad eundem annum. Sed hallucinatus est et forte per occitationem transtulit ad Sabinianum quæ de Bonifacio observaret.

[1120] a Anastasius & Platina in vita Sabin.

[1121] n. Belli Gothici primus annus docente Procopio incidit in Consulatum Belisarij hoc est in A.C. 535. Vnde initium obsidij anno tertio necessario cadet in A.C. 537. Id quod ex Marcellino confirmatur qui non tantum initium hujus obsidij ad Annum secundum post Cons. Belisarij Indic. 15, hoc est ad A.C. 537 refert, sed etiam res in alijs belli hujus annis narrante Procopio gestas, ad correspondentes annos Consulum et Indictionum. Adde quod Obsidium hocce contigit annis 60 completis post Romam ab Odoacro occupatam (Procop.     Evagr. l. 4, c. 19.) Odoacer autem occupabat eam A.C. 476, (Marcellin. Cassiodor.). Quare cum Anastasius diem apposuerit 9 Kal Mart. Erit initium obsidionis an: 537. Feb: 20.

[1122] o. Procop. De Bello Got. lib. 2.

[1123] p Vide Anastasium

[1124] NB. Martinus Chron. Ms. in Archivis Trin. Coll. Cantabr.

[1125] Fig.

[1126] p. Procop De Bello Got. l. 1.

[1127] p. Procop De Bello Got. l. 1.

[1128] p. Procop De Bello Got. l. 1.

[1129] q Hodiè reperta extant numismata inscripta hac DN. IVSTINIANVS AVG. illac DN. THEODAHATHVS REX. Baron. Ann. 536, § 8.

[1130] r.

[1131] s. Præter Calamitates in his Commentarijs descriptas aliæ multææ fuerunt eæque gravissimæ: et inter cæteras stupendus annorum quinquaginta duorum pestis qui ab A.C. 544 incipiens per totam ferè hanc quartam Tubam, vastabat orbem. Evagr. Hist.

[1132] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[1133] {illeg} natum {illeg} etiam {illeg} et Hist. Saracen. Vide Pocockij notas in Abul{illeg}rajium de origine et moribus Arabum.

[1134] a Ioseph. de bello Iuda. l 1. c 3.

[1135] b Ioseph. de Antiq. Iud. l 16. c 11, 13, 14, 15.

[1136] nisi nomen ejus

[1137] desierunt

[1138] Ineunte itaque anno

[1139] et reges terræ

[1140] nanciscebantur

[1141] Eratque Basra

[1142] Ama

[1143] whole duration of the

[1144] beginning at Damascus

[1145] A.C. 936 is 301 years

[1146] be exempted wherin

[1147] nothing to the Chalifa

[1148] taken from the Ro

[1149] no longer tormented

[1150] of the bottomles pit

[1151] remain 300 years

[1152] months of years

[1153] tormented by these

[1154] If you now ask

[1155] was not exprest

[1156] [added Aleppo to Mausela A.C. 1079

[1157] a Geogr. Nubiensis clim 4. part 6.

[1158] a Geogr. Nubiensis

[1159] a Carrhæ

[1160] b Edessa

[1161] Ducæ Hist. Byzant.

[1162] a. NB. Βασιλεις which we usually render Kings was applied by the greeks not only to such great monarchs as we stile Kings but also Princes of lesser note.

[1163] Apomasar cap 152.

[1164] Scilix apud Christophorum Richerium

[1165] W. Tyr. l 18. c 18.

[1166] W. Tyrius l 4. c 11.

[1167] Quære

[1168] * sc. Persico

[1169] Lib. Iuchasin.

[1170] Lib. פ חמי

[1171] a Zosimus lib. 1 dicit Alexandrum ex familia Severi pregnatum.

[1172] a Vide Caspar. Waserum de Antiqu. mensur. l. 2. c. 3.

[1173] a See the Catalogue of Emperors in Onuphrius, lib. 1 Romanorum Principum.

[1174] Euseb. Chron. & Eutrop. lib. 9.

[1175] b Hispania duodecim annis ferè sub Barbaris laboravit regnante Gallieno. Oros. l. 7. c. 41.

[1176] Successores Decaci, Roduani & Adsli vide apud Pharagium, Guilielmum Tyrium, & Sanutum.

[1177] d. Pharajius pag 325. Vincentius in Speculo Historiale lib 31 cap {illeg}

[1178] d. Pharagius pag: 314, 317, 321, 332, & 333.

[1179] e pag: 347.

[1180] a Ammianus lib 24. Plin. Nat. hist. l 6, c 26. Greg. Nazianzen. Orat. 2 in Iulian.

[1181] b Benjamin in Itinerario pag 62 edit. Elzevir. & Geogr. Nub. part 6, clim 4.

[1182] f. Benjamin in Itinerario pag 62. Edit. Elzevir & Geogr. Nub. part. 6, clim 4.

[1183] * Sic vocabant totum regnum Persicum seu Parthicum, sub quo tunc continebatur Armenia.

[1184] g Geogr. Nubiensis clim: 5, Part: 5.

[1185] k. Heroldi continuatio belli sacri.

[1186] a Pharagius p 333

[1187] b Pharag. pag 345

[1188] c Pharagius pag 279 & 283.

[1189] c Pharagius pag 279 & 283.

[1190] d Geogr. Nub. Clim 5. part 5.

[1191] a. Carrhæ.

[1192] c. Edessa.

[1193] b Aython Armenus cap 28. Pharagius dicit intra paucos dies

[1194] Niceph: lib 4. cap 5. Sanuti secreta crucis lib 3. part 13. cap 7. Sanutus refert hanc Asiæ invasionem ad an 1259, sed Nicephorus meliùs ad annum post invasionem Syriæ.

[1195] Niceph. lib 7.

[1196] Ducæ Hist. Byzantin.

[1197] NB. Βασιλεις Reges, apud Græcos tantum pro Monarchis præpotentibus quales nos jam reges dicimus: usurpabatur, sed inferioris etiam generis Principes significabat ut apud {Homsmum} uno loco ridere et sic et {בילך} significationis vox Hebræa, in Sacris literis pro Principibus, Ducibus & singularum ferè urbium Dominis usurpatur, ut e regibus triginta et uno quos Ioshua in exiguo illo terræ sanctæ circuitu superavit, (Iosh 12,) & quinque Regibus Midian a Mose cæsis Num. 31.8, qui in Iosh: 13.21 Principes Midian & Duces Sehon vocantur, manifestum est.

[1198] Apomasar cap 152.

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