Newton’s Religious Writings

Sorted by date


Untitled treatise on Revelation

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 1, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00044


Notes from Petavius on the Nicene Council

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 4, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00004


Part of an exposition of 2 Kings, 17:15-16

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Ms. 437, The Babson College Grace K. Babson Collection of the Works of Sir Isaac Newton, Huntington Library, San Marino, California, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00082


Exposition of 2 Kings 17:15-16

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Ms. 130, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, University of Texas, Austin, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00110


Exposition of 2 Kings 17:15-16

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 21, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00064


Fragment on Church history, mainly concerning Athanasius

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 29, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00072


Theological notes.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 5, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00048


Fragments on the kingdoms of the European tribes, the Temple and the history of Jewish and Christian Churches

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 28, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00071


'Tuba Quarta' ('The Fourth Trumpet')

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 1, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00001


Various texts on Revelation, Solomon's Temple and Church history.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 2, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00045


Treatise on Church history

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 12, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00055


Prophesies concerning Christs 2d coming

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: ASC Ms. N47 HER, James White Library, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, Michigan, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00088


'Proœmium' and first chapter of a treatise on Church history

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 11, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00054


Notes on Greek, Roman and Egyptian deities

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 33, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00075


Three bundles of notes for a work on the ancients' physico-theology, related to 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ'

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 17, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00060


Notes and extracts on interpreting the prophets (c. 1670s-90s).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 10, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00053


Correspondence with Thomas Burnet

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 106, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00014


Copy letter from Isaac Newton to Thomas Burnet

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 106(B), King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00253


Treatise on Revelation

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 9, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00052


Theological Notebook

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 2, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00002


Notes on ancient history and mythology

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MSS.Temp3.Miss, Library of the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00105


Rough draft portions of and notes for 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ' and 'The Original of Monarchies'

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 16, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00059


Two incomplete treatises on prophecy

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 5, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00005


De Gravitatione et æquipondio fluidorum

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MS Add. 4003, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00093


Copies of second and third 'professions of faith' by early Church Councils

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 22, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00065


Watermarks generally match those used by Newton in letters of the mid-1670s.


First 19 folios of Ms. 1.1 printed in Manuel, Religion, 107-116. Sections 1.1 ff. 1-26, 1.1a and 1.3 printed with a parallel Italian translation in Mamiani, Trattato, 1-251 (though Mamiani uses a different referencing system, referring to these as sections 1, 1.1 and 1.3 respectively). Several sections discussed in some detail in Westfall, 'Newton's Theological Manuscripts', 131-4.


Incomplete and seriously disordered, many sections occurring in several variant drafts: Newton clearly never arrived at a satisfactory plan for the overall structure of the work. There are several cases, especially in Ms. 1.4, where a title is followed only by a fragment of text and both have been struck through: these are not noted in the following summary.

Ms. 1.1

f. 1 Untitled introduction.

f. 12 'Rules for interpreting ye words and language in Scripture'

f. 13 'Rules for methodising \construing/ the Apocalyps'

f. 15 'Rules for interpreting the Apocalyps'

f. 20 'Prophetic figures' [title altered from 'Definitions']

f. 24 'Definitions' [an earlier draft of the foregoing 'Prophetic figures']

ff. 28-55 'The Proof' [of the previous sections]

Ms. 1.1a

ff. 1-31 'The Proof' (another draft)

Ms. 1.2

f. 1r 'Position 1./ The seales & wthin ye seventh Seale the Trumpets are distributions of Time wch succeed one another orderly wthout any interruption or interfering.'

f. 3r 'Position 2./ The seven Trumpets Thunders & Vials of wrath are ye same & signify so many courses of war.'

f. 11 'Position 3/ The woman in travail is ye Church of Christ, & ye Dragon a great Heathen Kingdome & both together ye subject of the seven Seales.'

f. 17r 'Position 4/ The wounded Beast is a great heathenizing Christian kingdome derived out of the Dragon, & rose in ye sixt Seale first out of ye Sea & then after a deliquium out of ye bottomles pit, & became ye subject of ye seven Trumpets; being ye same with ye Whore's Beast, & wth the fourth Beast in Daniel, & wth ye legs of Nebuchadnezzar's Image, & with ye apostate church of ye latter times prophesied of by St Paul.'

f. 31r 'Position 5./ The seven Heads of ye Dragon & Beast are distributions of them into so many successive parts by ye opening of ye seales in order: every part or head being continued from ye opening of one seale to ye opening of ye next & the seventh head \first through ye time of silence & holy rites & then through all the Trumpets./'

f. 36r 'Position 6./ The horns of ye Dragon & Beast are ten contemporary kingdoms springing out of their seventh head \soon after ye beginning of ye Trumpets/ & voluntarily uniting & conspiring into one body politiq[ue] called ye Beast.'

[There is no Position 7.]

f. 53r 'Position 8./ The Image of ye Beast is \an Ecclesiasticall Assembly/ of men representing ye ten hornd Beast & deriving its authority from ye two hornd Beast and was made between ye beginnings of ye seventh seale & first Trumpet.'

f. 57r 'Position 9./ The two and forty months of ye Beast's \making war/ the like reign of ye Whore, the stay of ye woman in ye Wilderness, the treading under foot of ye holy City, & ye prophesying of ye two Witnesses in sackcloth are throughout synchronal & extend from ye beginning of ye Wo-Trumpets to ye killing of ye Witnesses.'

f. 64r 'Position 10/ The temple wthin ye holy City troden under foot by ye Gentiles, denotes the same thing wth the Woman in the Wilderness persecuted by the Dragon & Beast: the Temple answering to ye Woman, ye City to ye Wilderness, & ye Gentiles to ye Beast yt was & is not.'

[No text follows the heading of Position 10.]

Ms. 1.3 [The foliation of this section is sporadic and very idiosyncratic.]

f. a 'PROP. I./ The seales & wthin ye seventh Seale ye Trumpets are distributions of Time wch succeed one another orderly wthout any interruption or interfering.'

f. c 'PROP. IV/ The Calamities wch follow upon sounding ye Trumpets, are all by war.'

f. 1 'PROP. II/ The seven Vials of wrath described in Chap 15 & 16 are the same with ye Plagues or woes of the seven Trumpets in Chap 8, 9, 10, 11.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. III./ The seven Thunders also (ch 10.3) most probably denote the same thing with the seven Trumpets.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. III V/ The fals Prophet mentioned in chap 16 & 19, is the same with the two horned Beast in chap 13.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. VI./ The ten horned Beasts in chap 13 & 17 are ye same.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. VII./ The two horned Beast ch 13 is ye same wth ye Whore of Babylon ch 17.'

f. 9 'PROP. VII. X VIII./ The Dragon & Beast are ye Kingdome whose symptomes are declared in ye Seales & Trumpets, whereof ye Dragon begins wth ye Seales & ye Beast wth ye Trumpets.'

f. 16a 'PROP. VIII. IX. The Kingdom represented by ye Dragon & Beast is ye same with the fourth Kingdom in Daniel represented by the dreadfull Beast wth great iron teeth, as also by the iron leggs of Nebuchadnezzar's Image. And the two horned Beast is ye same with the little horn of that dreadfull Beast.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XI.' Another draft of the foregoing, originally with identical title, but 'Dragon &' and 'two horned Beast' are crossed out, and the latter replaced by 'Whore of Babylon'.

[unfoliated] 'Posit IX. The two horned Beast is a body of men wch began about the opening of ye seventh seale, & by policy & deceipt grew up wthin ye nations wch worshipped ye ten-horned Beast untill it overtop't all earthly powers.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. VIII The two horned Beast is some kind of Dominion wch by Policy & deceipt grew up within ye nations wch worshipped the ten horned Beast untill at length it overtop't all other powers within those nations.' [Title and beginning of text struck through.]

[unfoliated] 'Posit. IX./ The two horned Beast, called also ye fals Prophet, is a body of Heathenizing Christians under two supreme Bishops, & a little before ye opening of ye 7th seale rose out of ye inferior sort of people wthin those nations wch afterward worshipped ye other Beast; & by deceiving men administered to ye ascention of that beast out of ye bottomles pit, & at length exalting himself by ye like deceipt became the whore upon his back exprest in Daniel by ye little horn of ye 4th beast & in Ezekiel 23.15 by Tyre.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. IX./ The Image of the Beast is also some contemporary & internal body politiq[ue] representing ye ten horned Beast, but yet deriving its authority from the two horned Beast.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XII./ The seven Heads of ye Dragon & Beast are ye distributions of the Kingdom into so many successive parts by the opening of the seales in order: every part or head being continued from the opening of one seale to the opening of the next & the seventh seale to the beginning of the seventh Trumpet to sound.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XIII./ The ten hornes of the Beast are ten contemporary Kingdoms voluntarily uniting & conspiring into one Body politiq[ue] called the Beast.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XIV./ The Horns of the Beast are Kingdoms derived from the Dragon, & the Dragon himself became one of the hornes.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XIII. IV./ The calamities wch follow upon sounding the Trumpets, are all by war.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XV./ The two & forty Months of the Beast the like reign of the Whore, the stay of the Woman in the Wilderness, the treading under foot of ye holy City, & ye prophesying of ye two witnesses in sackcloth, are throughout synchronal, & extend from the beginning of ye Wo Trumpets to the killing of the witnesses.' [Text largely struck through.]

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XVI/ The Temple within the holy City troden under foot by the Gentiles, denotes the same thing with ye Woman in the Wilderness persecuted by the Dragon & Beast: the Temple answering to ye Woman, the citie to ye Wildernes, & ye Gentiles to ye seventh head of ye Dragon.'

[unfoliated] 'PROP. XVII XI./ The hundred & forty four thousand sealed Servants of God are extended from the beginning of ye seventh seale to ye death of ye Witnesses: & the Palm-bearing multitude from their resurrection to the utter ruin of ye Beast.'

f. 57r 'Prop. XVIII \XII// The time from ye beginning of ye seventh seale to ye beginning of ye seventh Trumpet is but one & the same continued Apostacy which arrives to a greater height at ye beginning of ye fift Trumpet, & at ye greatest height at ye death of ye Witnesses & after their resurrection declines gradually untill first ye great City Babylon be ruined & a while after all the nations wch gave their kingdome to it be overthrown wth an exceeding great slaughter.'

Ms. 1.4

f. 1r 'Prop 21./ The beginning of ye seventh Trumpet is at ye end of the world.' [Partially struck through.]

f. 4v 'Position./ The Subject of this Prophesy is the Roman Empire signified by ye Dragon & Beast.'

f. 12r 'Prop. 26/ The sixt seale falls in wth the time between ye beginning of ye reign of Constantine the great, & the death of Theodosius.'

f. 17r 'Prop 27/ The four first seales agree to the time between St Iohn & ye beginning of ye tenth Persecution: the second seale beginning with Trajan, the third wth Severus, & ye fourth wth Maximinus.'

f. 20r 'The first Seale opened.'

f. 20r 'The second Seal opened.'

f. 22v 'The third Seal opened.'

f. 24r 'The fourth Seal opened.'

f. 26r 'Of the Wild Beasts'

f. 27r 'Of the Famin & Pestilence.'

f. 30r 'Prop./ The fift seale begins wth the tenth Persecution: that is wth the year 303.'

f. 31r 'Prop./ The sixt seale begins at ye victory of Constantine over Maxentius, A.D. 312.'

f. 43r 'Prop./ The first Trumpet begins with ye invasions of ye Eastern regions A.C. 395. The second with ye invasion of Gallia & Spain A.C. 408. The third wth ye invasion of Afric A.C. 427. And ye fourth wth ye wars in Italy A.C. 536.'

f. 43r 'Of the time of holy Rites.'

f. 50r 'The holding of ye winds.'

f. 62r 'The Introduction to ye Vialls of Wrath Chap: 15'

f. 62v 'Position/ The times of ye Trumpets began at ye death of Theodosius ye great. A.C. 395.'

f. 107r 'Prop./ The first Trumpet began wth ye invasions of ye Eastern regions A.C. 395. The second wth ye invasion of ye western A.C. 408. The third wth ye invasion of Afric A.C. 427. And ye fourth wth ye wars in Italy A.C. 536.'

f. 110v 'The first Trumpet.'

f. 138r 'The second Trumpet.'

f. 147r 'The third Trumpet.'

f. 152r 'Posit/ The four first Seales agree to ye time between the first preaching of Christianity & ye beginning of ye tenth Persecution: the first Seale beginning wth the Ascention or Pentecost A.C. 33 the second wth Trajan A.C. 98, ye third wth Severus A.C. 193, & ye fourth wth Decius A.C. 251.'

f. 156r 'Of the Lamb's taking the Book.'

f. 164r 'Of the four Horsemen in general.'

f. 169r 'The second Seale opened.'

f. 174r 'The third Seale opened.'

f. 181r 'The fourth Seal opened.'

f. 183r 'Of the succeeding quaternion of plagues.'

f. 183r 'Of ye Wild Beasts.'

f. 188r 'Of the sword.'

f. 190r 'Of the Famin.'

f. 192r 'Of ye Pestilence.'

f. 197r 'Posit./ The fift Seale begins wth Dioclesian's Persecution A.C. 303; The sixt wth Constantine's throwing down of Idols A.C. 330.'

f. 197v 'The fift Seale opened.'

f. 202r 'The sixt Seal opened.'

f. 210r 'The seventh seale began with ye peace made wth ye Goths & ye delivery of ye Churches to ye Homoüsians. Decemb. A.C. 380.'

Ms. 1.5

f. 1r 'Position/ The Dragon was ye whole Roman Empire untill its division, & then ye nations of ye Western Empire were ye Beast wth its ten horns & those of ye Eastern ye Dragon continued.'

f. 5r 'The history of ye Dragon.'

f. 9r 'The history of ye Beast'

f. 74r 'Posit./ The Ecclesiasticall Hierarchy of ye Homousian Church, from ye reign of Constantius \triunitarian Church commencing after the death of Constantius &/ headed by ye Bps of Rome & Alexandria, was ye two horned Beast.'

f. 75r 'Of ye Beast's rise out of the Earth with two horns.'

Ms. 1.6

f. 1r 'The first Trumpet.'

f. 17r 'The second Trumpet.'

f. 25r 'The third Trumpet'

f. 45r 'The fourth Trumpet.'

Ms. 1.7

[Beginning missing: f. 1 begins in mid-sentence.]

f. 4r 'Prop/ The first Trumpet begins wth ye Visigothic wars, AD. 396. the second wth the Alemanic wars A.D. 407. The third wth ye Vandalic wars A.D. 428 & the fourth wth the Ostrogothic & Lombardic wars A.D. 536.'

f. 10r 'The second Trumpet.'

f. 14r 'The third Trumpet.'

f. 21r 'The fourth Trumpet.'

f. 31r 'Prop./ The fift Trumpet expresses the wars of ye Saracen Empire upon ye Romans & begins with ye rise of ye Mahometan religion A.C. 609.'

f. 42r 'Prop/ The sixt Trumpet conteins ye wars of the Turkish Empire upon ye Romans, & begins with ye solution of ye four Euphratean Sultanies A.C. 1258.'

Ms. 1.8

[Beginning missing: last sentence of a passage evidently concerning the opening of the first seal.]

f. 1r 'The second Seal opened.'

f. 6r 'The third Seal opened.'

f. 9r 'The fourth Seal opened.'

f. 10r 'Of ye sword.'

f. 12r 'Of ye Wild Beasts.'

[Incomplete: breaks off in mid-sentence at the top of f. 24r. f. 17v features a hand-drawn map of the Middle East.]

[4] c. 650 ff.


mainly in English but with many passages in Latin and citations in Greek

[6] Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.1) Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.1a) Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.2) Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.3) Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.4) Untitled treatise on Revelation (Section 1.5) Untitled treatise on Revelation (Section 1.6) Untitled treatise on Revelation (Section 1.7) Untitled treatise on Revelation (Section 1.8)


Notes on the First Nicene Council (325 AD), taken from the Church historian Denis Petau (Petavius).


See H1283-6 for Newton's collection of works by Petau, though these notes seem to predate any of the editions he owned.

[9] 52 pp.


in Latin


Described in the Babson catalogue as part of SL261, the bulk of which is now Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 21 (see notes there for the sale history) and Harry Ransom Research Center Ms. 130. This document is clearly related to those two, but whether it actually constituted part of the same lot is still unclear.

[12] 4 pp. on 2 ff.


in English

[14] Exposition of 2 Kings 17:15-16 [Ms. 130] Exposition of 2 Kings 17:15-16 [Yahuda Ms. 21]


This document appears to be the shorter draft, or part of it, which together with Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 21 and possibly Babson Ms. 437 originally constituted SL261: see notes to the Yahuda entry for the sale history.


At the front of the manuscript: 'in ye mean time I have sent you a vicegerent wch I hope you will accept of & to hang up in your closet for a remembrance of me' (part of a draft letter?).

[17] 8 pp.


in English

[19] Part of an exposition of 2 Kings, 17:15-16 [Ms. 437] Exposition of 2 Kings 17:15-16 [Yahuda Ms. 21]


Same watermark as letters to Oldenburg of 18 August, 26 August and 24 October 1676.


The text is complete but was originally accompanied by a shorter version which is no longer present: this now constitutes Harry Ransom Research Center Ms. 130 and possibly Babson Ms. 437 (though this yields a total page count of 30, two higher than that in the Sotheby catalogue).

[22] 18 pp. on 15 ff.


in English

[24] Part of an exposition of 2 Kings, 17:15-16 [Ms. 437] Exposition of 2 Kings 17:15-16 [Ms. 130]


There appear to be pages missing between ff. 4-5 and ff. 12-13.


Incomplete at both ends.

[27] 7 pp. on 4 ff.


in Latin


The document is incomplete, beginning and ending in mid-sentence. Several pages are badly damaged, leading to a number of lacunae in the text. The main text is written on the rectos with notes on the versos. The document ends on f. 4v with an incomplete note 'a' obviously referring to a later and now missing point in the text.


In the Sotheby catalogue the lot is described as having 44 pp., but 4 leaves (Ms. 5.2?) were later added from SL239 (Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 13). This perhaps explains why section 5.2, which clearly follows 5.1, has been catalogued as a separate item.


Ms. 5.1

Part of a work on Gospel chronology (post-1700), beginning missing, 8 ff. Includes two section headings:

f. 5r 'Sect. 4. De annis prædicationis Christi.'

f. 6r 'Sect. 5 Christum passum esse \aut/ anno Tiberij decimo nono, A.C. 33, \aut anno sequenti passum esse./'

Ms. 5.2

A continuation of 5.1 above but with new foliation (ff. 1-4).

Ms. 5.3

Notes out of various Church Fathers on the nature of the Trinity (late 1670s), incomplete, 20 ff.

[32] 49 pp. on 32 ff.


in Latin

[34] Theological Notes (part 1) Theological Notes (part 2) Theological Notes (part 3)


Many sheets faded and/or damaged.


a) ff. 1-6 Extremely rough chronological jottings on scraps of paper, including quotes from the Bible and Fathers and notes on dates.

b) ff. 1-17 Notes on the history of the Roman Empire, on the Goths and Vandals and their incursions, on the geography of the Middle East (with a sketch map, f. 5r), and on the dates of Councils and Popes, mainly Latin with some English and citations in Greek.

ff. 18-20 'De decem Regibus': a self-contained section on Roman emperors.

ff. 21-30 Notes on Church history, the Arian controversy and the rise of the papacy, in Latin.

c) ff. 1-4 'Annotations': historical jottings with references to the Bible and Josephus, in Latin and English. This section is particularly badly damaged and largely illegible.

d) A single page headed 'Ex annotationibus Capelli in Villalpandum cujus libri titulus est Templi Hierosolymitani delineatio per L. Capellum ex Villalpando'.

e) ff. 1-2 An untitled discussion of Hebrew religious terms based largely on the work of Johannes Buxtorf.

f. 3 'Ex Philone'.

[37] 43 ff.


mainly in Latin, with some English, Greek and Hebrew

[39] Jottings on chronology Notes on Roman and Church history Notes on Villalpando Notes from Buxtorf


Part of a treatise on Revelation.

[41] 21 pp.


in Latin

[43] 'Tuba Quarta' ('The Fourth Trumpet') [Keynes Ms. 1]


SL228 is described in the Sotheby catalogue as 'nearly 700 pp.', presumably meaning written sides rather than leaves. Two sections from this were transferred to Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 1. The Yahuda listing states: 'Many leaves have been taken out and [sic] as they belong to Lot 227 [i.e. Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 1] and 263 [now Babson Ms. 434]'. On 24 May 1949 Yahuda told the London dealer Heinrich Eisemann 'You will notice that lot 228 has 607 pages (instead of 700) because many leaves belonged to other lots', adding that he had also removed 'the leaves erroneously incorporated in this lot'. He was hoping to sell the item for $3,000, but evidently without success, and must subsequently have removed more sheets.


Very rough, fragmentary and heavily corrected holograph drafts, many pages badly stained and/or crumbling.

Ms. 2.1

ff. 1-10 Part of a treatise on interpreting the symbolism of Biblical prophecy (1670s), in English.

Ms. 2.2

ff. 1-28 'Cap 3. Quod Bestia bicornis locuta sit ut Draco.' (late 1670s/early 1680s), in Latin, incomplete.

Ms. 2.3

ff. 1-103 Drafts towards a history of the Church (late 1670s/early 1680s), in Latin.

Ms. 2.4

ff. 1-21, 22-24 Two partial drafts relating to Solomon's Temple (1680s/1690s), mainly in Latin. Apparently drafts of Babson Ms. 434 (see Westfall, 'Newton's Theological Manuscripts', 135).

ff. 25-33 'Appendix/ De magnitudine cubiti sacri', in Latin. An English translation of this was published in the Miscellaneous Works of John Greaves, Professor of Astronomy in the University of Oxford, ed. Thomas Birch (2 vols., 1736-7), 2: 405-33, as 'A Dissertation upon the Sacred Cubit of the Jews [...] Translated from the Latin of Sir Isaac Newton'.

ff. 34-37, 38-45 Two further incomplete drafts of the above.

ff. 46-49 Another Latin draft about the Temple.

Ms. 2.5a

ff. 1-11 Latin draft on deciphering the symbolism of Revelation (c. 1680s).

Ms. 2.5b

ff. 1-59 Draft treatise on Athanasius and fourth-century Church history (ff. 1-31); dates and notes relating to the early Roman Empire (f. 32); notes on the Church Fathers (f. 33); notes on Church history under the early Roman Empire (ff. 34-9); listing with occasional comments by Newton of the most important dates relating to developments in the fourth century (ff. 40-47); notes from Church Fathers (ff. 48-59). All in Latin apart from occasional linking passages in English in ff. 48-59.

Two more unnumbered leaves of notes in the same vein, in Latin and English, written around and partly over a draft letter in English to Sir Robert [surname illegible], whose son Newton seems to have been supporting financially.

[46] 262 ff.


in English and Latin

[48] Treatise on the symbolism of Biblical prophecy (Section 1) 'Quod Bestia bicornis locuta sit ut Draco' ('That the two-horned Beast spake as a Dragon') Drafts towards a history of the Church (Section 2.3) Drafts concerning Solomon's Temple and the sacred cubit Draft account of the symbolism of Revelation Drafts on early Church history


Begins 'Fidei verò formula'. Principally concerned with the Arian controversy.

[50] 49 pp. on 36 ff. of which one blank.


in Latin

[52] Treatise on Church history [Yahuda Ms. 12]


Notes from the Bible and Talmud. Includes the sub-headings 'Of Elias' (p. 8) and 'Ex Talmud Babylonici Codice Middoth' (p. 35).

[54] 40 pp. on 5 quarto signatures


in English and Latin with quotations in Greek and Hebrew

[56] Prophesies concerning Christs 2d coming [ASC Ms. N47 HER]


The beginnings of a major projected study, dealing chiefly with the rise of monasticism.


The 'Proœmium' occupies the first 7 folios; the remaining 40 are headed simply 'Lib. I cap. 1' and deal principally with the rise of monasticism.

[59] 47 ff.


in Latin

[61] 'Proœmium' and first chapter of a treatise on Church history [Yahuda Ms. 11]


Part of the preparatory material for 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ. Consists chiefly of earlier drafts of various passages in Yahuda Ms. 16.2.


An early stage of Newton's attempt to reconcile the identities of heathen gods from various cultures. Written under a fragment of a draft letter, reading only 'Sr Please return my hearty thanks to ye R. Society for their kind accepting of ye copy &'.

[64] 2 pp. on 1 f.


in Latin


This document is wrongly listed in Ch-H (p. 146) as part of SL246, but SL246 is now Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 8.


Ms. 17.1

12 ff. of notes on ancient religions, related to Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 41. Folio 5v has a reference to 'Ioannis Antiocheni Cognomenti Malala' [leg. 'Cognomento Malalæ'] (1691), giving a terminus a quo for this portion of the manuscript.

Ms. 17.2

31 ff. of notes related to, and in some cases drafts of, Theologiæ Gentilis. f. 20r begins identically to Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 16.2 f. 1r, but this bundle appears to be prior in composition, giving a date in the 1680s. Very rough and heavily corrected up to f. 21; the remainder seems comparatively finished. f. 24 is almost entirely given over to notes on Humphrey Prideaux's Marmora Oxoniensa (1676). f. 28r has the heading 'Historica [sic] Deorum'. Two of the 31 numbered folios are blank; a further three unnumbered blank folios are interleaved between ff. 6 and 7, 27 and 28, and 28 and 29.

Ms. 17.3

15 ff. of notes, the sequence of which resembles the order of chapter headings in Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 16.2, and that of the treatment (in English) of similar subjects in Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 41.

[68] 60 ff.


mostly Latin with some English

[70] Notes on ancient religions Notes and drafts relating to 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ' Notes on ancient religions


Ms. 10a

'Out of Mr. Garret's discourse concerning Antichrist', 4 ff. of which 2 blank. Extracts from Walter Garrett, A discourse concerning Antichrist [...] Shewing, that the Church of Rome is that woman mentioned Rev. xvii.3 (London, 1680).

Ms. 10b

Notes on prophetic works, principally Daniel, in English with some Latin, 17 ff. of which 3 blank. Includes two projected lists of titles (the relationship of which to the rest of the document is at best tenuous), as follows:

(i) [This list occurs twice, at separate points, in slightly variant versions, of which the first is cited here.]

'Sect. 1. De Captivitate Babylonica septuaginta annorum.

Sect. 2. De duplici Ezra ac duplici Neemiah deq[ue] singuloru[m] scriptis

Sect. 3. De tempore ædificati Templi

Sect. 4. De temporibus Ezræ junioris et Neemiæ junioris.

Sect. 5. Expositio 70 Hebdomadu[m]

Sect. 6. Expositio dierum 2300

Sect. 7. Expositio dierum 1260, 1290, 1335.'

(ii) 'De Prophetijs Danielis Liber

Cap. 1/ Chronologia regum Babyloniæ, & Captivitatis 70 annoru[m]

Cap. 2/ Chronologia librorum Ezræ & Nehemiæ

Cap. 3/ Expositio Visionis Hebdomadum septuaginta

Cap. 4/ Expositio Visionis quatuor Bestiarum

Cap. 5/ Expositio Visionis Arietis & Hirci

Cap. 6/ Expositio Visionis de scriptura veritatis'

Ms. 10c

Further notes on prophecies, mainly in English, 30 ff. of which 2 blank.

[72] 51 ff of which 7 blank.


mainly in English

[74] 'Out of Mr Garret's discourse concerning Antichrist' Notes on prophetic works Further notes on prophecies


Burnet, fellow of Christ's College, communicated with Newton in relation to his forthcoming Sacred History of the Earth. Newton argued that Moses's account of Creation should be taken as true, despite the fact that Moses had to dumb down ('accommodate') his language to make it comprehensible to ordinary people. He also claimed that various mundane chemical phenomena can shed light on how God created order out of chaos.


Burnet's letter printed in NC, 2: 321-8; Newton's in Brewster (1855), 2, 447-54 and NC, 2: 329-35.


Holograph copy letter, Newton to Burnet, after 13 January 1680/81, in English, c. 2,750 words, 5 pp. States Newton's theory of the creation of the earth and its subsequent development, opposing a literalist interpretation of Genesis and insisting that Moses adapted his account to make it comprehensible to 'the gross conception of the vulgar'.

Original letter from Burnet to Newton (to which the above is a reply), 13 January 1680/81, in English, c. 3,000 words, 7 pp. In this letter Burnet acknowledges receipt of a letter from Newton dated 'Dec. 24th' (no longer extant).


in English


in English

[80] Original letter from Thomas Burnet to Isaac Newton, dated 13 January 1680/1 [Keynes Ms. 106(A)]


Approximately dateable since a substantial part of the manuscript is in Humphrey Newton's hand (up to Ms. 9.2 f. 45 the hand alternates between Isaac and Humphrey Newton's; from that point on the main text is entirely in Humphrey's hand but with occasional interpolations, corrections and additions by Isaac).


ff. 1-32r of Ms. 9.2 published in Goldish, Judaism, 188-218.


Ms. 9.1

ff. 1-2 Fragment on Biblical prophecy, beginning missing.

ff. 3-4 Table of contents or draft outline:

[f. 3r] 'The first book. Concerning ye language of the Prophets.

The Preface

Chap. 1/ A Synopsis of ye Prophetick Figures.

Chap. 2/ Of ye world, heaven & earth, ascending to heaven & descending to Earth, \rising out of ye earth or waters & falling into them/ moving from place to place, shaking earthquakes, shaking of heaven & earth & passing away of heaven & earth.

Chap. 3/ Of \things celestial vizt / ye Sun Moon & Starrs, light & darkness, \ days & nights / darkning smiting or setting of ye sun moon & starrs, \Eclipsing or/ turning ye Moon into blood, falling of ye Starrs, New Moons, Suns, \days and nights, scorching wth ye Sun's/ heat, burning with fire, a flaming sword

Chap. 4/ Of Meteors, vizt Clouds, riding on ye clouds, covering ye Sun with a Cloud or wth smoke, Winds, Whirlwinds, Thunder lightning, hail overflowing rain, moderate rain, Dew, living water & want of rain.

Chap. 5/ Of things terrestrial vizt dry land, Sea rivers, floods, wilderness, embittering of waters, turning them to blood, overflowing of a sea or river, drying up of waters, ffountains, Mountains, Islands, dens & rocks of mountains & hiding men in them, \Cities, houses/ & ships.

Chap. 6/ Of living things, vizt Trees, \hearbs, reeds,/ & other \ terrestrial / vegetables, Locusts & other insects, wild beasts, Birds & ffishes of the Trees of life & knowledge of good & evil the old Serpent & worshipped Beasts.

Chap. 7/ How several parts of ye world are put for several Kingdoms \kingdoms are signified by several parts of the world/, as by the heaven, the earth, the sea, a river, \ a City, a species of/ animals or of vegetables, or \any/ animal or vegetable put for ye \whole/ species, as a lyon a Goat a Dragon a Whore, a Frog \ a spirit / a Vine a Lamb, a Seraphim, a Cherubim.

[f. 4r] Chap. 8/ Of ye parts of an beast animal, vizt the head or heads & taile, ye horns, ye eyes, \& seeing, the/ mouth, & speaking \& eating/, ye voice loud or faint, \ye / hairs, feathers, wings, arms, feet, nails, teeth, serpentine taile, & bones, & of the times of their life & actions.

Chap. 9/ Of a man or woman in various circumstances, as wth a crown or on horsback, or wth a sword or bow, or wth weights & measures or cloathed in white or in other apparel or naked, or holding a cup of wine or drinking it, or with a wound or sore or in pain. or \ Also of / pained in child-birth, of a new born child \or bearing a man child/ & of the death of man or beast, & of worshipping \them &/ their images.

Chap. 10/ Of ye parts of ye temple

Ch. 11The second Book/ Concerning the Prophecies of DanielThe third Book/ Concerning the method of ye Apocalyps & the Allusions therein to ye law & history of ye Iews.

The fourth book/ Concerning the Persons \& things prophesied of/ in ye Apocalyps, vizt ye 7 Angells two Prophets Witnesses, \Whore/ Dragon, tenhorned \two/ Beasts & their Horns. \3 Horns pluckt up/ 7 Horns remaining Horns & their churches.

The fift Book/ Concerning the history of the Apocalyps.

Chap 1. The ten horns

2 The first six seals opened & six heads of ye Dragon & Beast described

3 The seventh head & seven Trumpets & Vials.'

ff. 5-51 Explanation of prophetic figures (untitled), broadly following the scheme set out in chapter headings 1 to 10 above.

Ms. 9.2

f. 1r 'The Second Book

Concerning the method & synchronisms of the Apocalyps & the allusions therein to the Law & History of the Iews'

f. 1r 'Chap. 1/ Of the daily sacrifice spoken of by Daniel & the feast of ye Passover./ The Preface./ Sect. I The Lamps drest.'

f. 6r 'Sect. II. The morning sacrifice.'

f. 11r 'Sect. III. The evening sacrifice.'

f. 14r 'Sect. III [sic] The Feasts of ye seventh Month'

f. 20r 'Sect. V The prophesying in ye ffast & ffeast of Tabernacles \ together with ye interpretation thereof /'

f. 24r 'The interpretation of ye prophesying in ye ffast & ffeast of Tabernacles.

f. 33r 'Sect. IV./ The interpretation of ye Prophesy of ye Seales & Trumpets.'

f. 39r 'The second part of the interpretation.'

f. 43v 'The third part of the Interpretation.'

f. 44v 'The third part of the Interpretation' [another draft].

f. 47r '\Allusions to/ The passing of Israel out of Egypt through ye wilderness into Canaan, to Their Idolatry in Canaan, & ye Babylonical captivity.'

f. 59r 'Sect. VIII./ The two Churches true & fals together, with the two Kingdomes whose Churches they are./ The division of the Kingdome & it's church.'

f. 62r 'The prophetical history of the division.'

f. 64r 'Of the two fals churches signified by the two-horned Beast & woman wch fled into ye Wildnernes, & that this Woman became the Whore of Babylon.'

f. 73r 'Of the two true churches signified by ye two Witnesses.'

f. 81r 'Sect. IX./ The seven Churches. day of Iudgment & world to come.'

f. 97r 'Sect. X./ The Apostacy of the latter times described in the Prophesies of the old & New Testament.'

ff. 123r-178 'The end of ye world day of Iudgment & world to come'

Ms. 9.3

Apparently a resumption of Ms. 9.2 in Humphrey Newton's hand, though there is a section missing between the two parts which includes the beginning of Ms. 9.3 (11 ff.).

[84] 250 ff.


mainly in English

[86] Treatise on Revelation (Section 1) Treatise on Revelation (Section 2) Treatise on Revelation (Section 3)


Somewhat arbitrarily selected excerpts and summaries published in McLachlan, Theological Manuscripts, 127-41.


The contents are written on 107 pp. starting from the front of the book and 25 pp. (on 42 sheets, of which about half have been left blank for subsequent additions) starting from the back. Between these two sections a large portion (over half) of the notebook is left unused.

On the inner back cover, in Thomas Pellet's hand: 'Sep. 25 1727 Not fit to be printed Tho: Pellet.' To the left of this, in Newton's hand: 'Fr Massam at Oats neare Highlaver Parish near Harlow'. On the flyleaf, a single entry under the heading 'Sentences': 'A man may imagin things that are fals but he can onely understand things yt are true, for if ye things be fals, the apprehension of them is not understanding'. On the back of this is a table of contents which refers not to the entries that follow it but to those beginning at the other end of the notebook. Below this is a list of historical writers, mostly with the dates and in some cases with the location of their works. Against some of the names is the note 'Trin. Coll.', followed in some cases by a shelf-mark.

The entries from this end of the notebook proceed as follows. 'Interpretations' (f. I) has exegetical notes on Revelation in Latin. The subsequent entries are in English and consist primarily of citations from the Authorized Bible under the following headings: 'Mores Gentium' (f. II); 'Religio Ethnica. Idololatria' (f. V); 'Deus Pater' (f. XI); 'Deus Filius' (f. XII); 'Christi Incarnatio' (f. XIV); 'Christi Passio, Descensus, et Resurrectio' (f. XVII); 'Christi Satisfactio, & Re\de/mptio viri' (f. XXII); 'Spiritus Sanctus Deus' (f. XXIV), 'Of the holy ghost his nature and gifts' (f. XXV); 'Angeli boni et mali' (f. XXVII); 'Prædestinatio' (f. XXXI).

Several pages consist only of headings to which no text has been added: 'Religio Ethnica. Dij Gentium' (f. IV); 'Religio Ethnica. Ritus gentiles' (f. VIII); 'Religio christiana/ Deus. Attributa dei' (f. X); 'Christi \vita et/ Miracula' (f. XV); 'Christi Descensus Resurrectio et Ascensus' (f. XVIII), 'Christi Resurrectio' (f. XIX); 'Christi Ascentio' (f. XX); 'Christi adventus secundus' (f. XXI); 'Christi Intercessio' (f. XXIII); 'Homo. Status Naturæ et Gratiæ' (f. XXIX); 'Liberum arbitrium' (f. XXXII); 'Electio' (f. XXIII); 'Benevolentia Dei in Hominem' (f. XXXIV); 'Hominis officium et Qualificatio' (f. XXXV); 'Vitia' (f. XXXVIII); 'Mors Vitia' (f. XXXVIII); 'Mors & Resurrectio' (f. XXXIX); 'Vltimum Iudicium' (f. XXXX); 'Remissio Peccatorum' (f. XXXXI); 'Status futurus' (f. XXXXII).

Beginning at the other end on the verso of the first leaf is a fragmentary, untitled entry in English on the question of whether Christ had the freedom to commit sin, making reference to Matthew 26:53-4. On the next page is a short Latin quotation from St Jerome and a list of 'Authores notandi'; neither of these leaves is numbered.

The earliest entries do not feature in the table of contents at the other end of the book (see above): they are headed 'Out of Chillingworth's \ye Ld Falkland's/ discours of infallibility' (p. 1); 'Out of ye Iesuites Answer' (p. 1); 'The Ld Falklands Reply' (p. 1); 'Out of ye Lord ffalkland's Reply' (p. 5); 'Out of the Ld George Digbie's letter to Sr Kenelm Digby' (p. 8); 'Out of Sr Kenelms answer' (p. 8); 'Out of the Ld Digbies reply' (p. 8); 'Observations upon Athanasius's works' (p. 13). The first twelve pp. are mainly in English; from the entry on Athanasius onwards the document is mainly in Latin.

The table of contents (which is accurate except where indicated below) ignores these and refers to Newton's own pagination, which is by side rather than folio and begins on p. 17: 'Antichristo 17. [On p. 19 the repeated heading 'De Antichristo' is deleted and replaced by 'On 1 Iohn 5.7, 8'; this was used as the basis of the start of the first letter to Locke of November 1690 ('Two Notable Corruptions of Scripture', cf. New College, Oxford, Ms. 361(4)).] De Millennio ac die Iudicij 21. De Innovationibus & earum authoribus 25 Miscellanies 29. De Trinitate 33. De Monachis 37. Interpretationes sacrarum literarum ex veteribus 41. De Bestia bicorni 43 De Politia Ecclesiastica 47 [altered from '44': the entry is in fact on p. 47]. De Meretrice et cornu parvo 45 De Politia Ecclesiastica 47. De Athanasio 49 [this section is in fact entitled 'De Athanasio, & Antonio']. De hist. Eccl. sub Constantino et Constantio 51 [in the text, the title reads 'Ad Historiam Ecclesiasticam sub \Constantino &/ Constantio spectantia']. De eadem sub Valente et Theodosio, 55. [The page following p. 56 is numbered 55 again and Newton's pagination remains astray by two throughout the rest of the document.] De eadem post Theodosium, 65 [in the text, the title reads 'Historia Ecclesiastica post Tempora Theodosij']. De Arrianis et Eunomianis \et Macedonianis/ 67. De Hæresibus et Hæreticis 71. De patribus, scriptoribus, concilijs & auctoritate ecclesiastica 69 [last two entries in that order, p. 69 presumably having been overlooked when the index was first written].' Unmentioned in the index and presumably written after it was completed are the following sections: 'Ex Petavij Dogmatîs Theologicis Tract.1' (p. 75); 'De Synodo Serdicensi & Ariminensi' (p. 77); 'De Trinitate' (pp. 79-82); 'De nominibus Dei' (pp. 83-4); 'De Deo uno' (pp. 85-9, but 87-8 are blank); 'De Bestia Bicorni' (p. 91); 'Interpretationes sacrarum literarum' (pp. 93-4); 'Variantes Lectiones sacrarum literarum notandæ' (p. 99); 'Ex historia Ingulphi edit. Oxonijs 1684' (p. 101, title and text in Humphrey Newton's hand); 'De Homousio, usia, hypostasi, substantia & personis' (p. 103).

The note on the cover can be dated to the period 1689-90, when Newton frequently attended the house of Sir Francis Masham at Oates (where he often met and discussed theological issues with Locke), but it is not necessarily contemporaneous with the rest of the document. The notebook certainly post-dates works referred to in the list of historical writers at the back ('Epistola Consularis in qua Collegia 70 Consulum ab A.C. 29 ad AC. 229, in vulgetis fastis hactenus perperam descripta corriguntur. Authore Henrico Novis Veronensi. Bononiæ apud Anton. Pisarium A. 1683') and in the list of 'Authores notandi' at the front (the second volume of Knorr von Rosenroth's Kabbala Denudata (1684: H873)). Humphrey Newton, whose hand appears on p. 101, was Newton's amanuensis between 1684 and 1690.

[89] 132 pp.


in English and Latin with some quotations from Greek

[91] Theological Notebook (Part 1) Theological Notebook (Part 2)


Many passages are variant drafts of other texts on the same topic, especially Yahuda Ms. 16.2.


Notes and drafts related to Philosophiæ gentilis origines philosophicæ. Includes sections on the Egyptians and Tyrrhenians, on history before the Flood, and on the correspondences between the deities of different mythologies. Page 3 features notes on alchemical codewords, and was apparently incorporated into this document by mistake. Page 17 has a family tree showing the descent of the supposed Egyptian and Greek deities from Noah.

Page 15 carries the sub-headings 'Historia antediluviatis ex Abideno' and 'Abydenus ex Beroso'.

There is a citation on p. 23 from the 1684 English translation of Jean-Baptiste Tavernier's Six voyages (first published in French, Paris, 1676).

[94] 23 pp.


mainly in Latin with some English, Greek and Hebrew

[96] Notes on ancient history and mythology [MSS.Temp3.Miss]


Partly in Humphrey Newton's hand.


Ms. 16.1

Notes and excerpts concerning ancient religions.

Ms. 16.2

f. 1r Main heading: 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ'

'Cap. 1. Quod Theologia Gentilis Philosophica erat, et ad scientiam Astronomicam \& Physicam/ systematis mundani apprime spectabat: quodq[ue] Dij duodecim[illeg.] majorum Gentilis sunt Plantæ [sic: leg. Planetæ] septem cum quatuor elementis et quintessentia Terra.'

f. 7v 'Cap. 2. Quod Hominum post Diluvium primorum memoria in Theologia Gentili \astris et Elementis/ colebatur, quodq[ue] homines illi ætatibus tribus primis et quarta ineunte floruere.'

f. 53v 'Cap. 3 Quod Noachus sit Saturnus et Ianus, quodq[ue] Chanus sit Iupiter Hamnon et quod Chami filij [cum?] nepotibus sint et Dij reliqui et Gigantes qui cum ætate tertia in Ægypto dimicarunt: et quomodo Chamus cum suis in Ægyptum descendit et regionem inter filios divisit.'

f. 65r 'Cap. 4 Quod Chus sit Hercules, et Mars Moloc, et Belus primus.'

f. 67v 'Cap. 5 Quod Mizraim sit Osiris et Menætius & Dis vel Pluto'

f. 68v 'Cap. 5 Quod Mizraim sit Osiris et Pluto Serapis \et Menætius/ & Dis vel Pluto quodq[ue] Mizraimi filius Pathros sit Orus vel Apollo et quod filiam habuit Bubastem seu Dianam et filium [nothum?] Thoth seu Mercurium primum.'

f. 73v Slightly variant repetition of the same title.

On f. 45v, interrupting the text of Chapter 2, is a list of proposed subsequent chapter headings, without any text attached to them, as follows:

'Cap. 6 Quod Phut sit Typho, et Antæus et Atlas et Neptunus.

Cap. 7 Quod Canaan sit Vulcanus et Prometheus et quod ejus uxor et soror Venus fuit Astyr seu Attyrgates.

Cap. 8 De alijs Deorum prædictorum nominibus.

Cap. 9 Quomodo \nomina/ prædictorum hominum sideribus imposita sint & qualis fuit Astronomia veterum Ægyptiorum.

Cap. 10 Quomodo animæ hominum in stellas translatæ sunt & stellæ sic animatæ pro Dijs intelligentibus haberi cœperunt, deq[ue] origine et progressu \idolatriæ et/ artium magicoru[m].

Cap. 11. Qualis fuit vera Noachidorum religio antequam per cultum falsorum Demonem corrumpi cœpit. Et quod religio Christiana non magis vera fuit nec minus corrupta [exesit?].'

Ms. 16.2 represents an earlier version of Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 41, written largely in Humphrey Newton's hand (the rectos of ff. 1-18, 28-43, 50-58 are all in his hand, amended by Newton and with additions by Newton on some of the versos). This dates these portions of the Ms. to 1684-90, although f. 20v contains Mint material relating to the silver issue of mid-1711. This could, however, be a later addition (f. 20v is otherwise blank). Some folios are drafts of 'The Original of Monarchies' (Keynes Ms. 146), and Ms. 16.2 f. 23r contains the heading: 'Chap. II. Of the Original of Kingdoms', but the following text breaks off after only a few words.

[99] 131 pp.


mainly in Latin with some English

[101] Rough notes for 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ' Miscellaneous draft portions of 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ'


For dating see Westfall, Never at Rest, 349, n. 49, and (for the first section) Shapiro, 'Dating Game', 196. Early pages (ff. I-VI) have the same watermark (horn + HG/LL) as a manuscript page from the Opticks of the late 1680s or very early 1690s, and pp. 1-6 share a watermark with a manuscript portion of the Principia of 1687.


Despite the somewhat confusing pagination and apparently logical chapter sequence (both of which are presumably the result of misguided post-Newtonian re-ordering), it seems that ff. I-VI and pp. 1-6 constitute two drafts of one work written c. mid-1680s, while the rest of the document is a separate production of c. 1705-10 (see Westfall, Never at Rest, 349, n. 49). Text of 'Synopsis of the Prophetic Figures', together with all the subsequent chapter headings, printed in McLachlan, Theological Manuscripts, 119-26 (the whole manuscript being regarded as a single document).


a) 'The First Book Concerning the Language of the Prophets' (two drafts of Chapter One). On the front cover, in Thomas Pellet's hand: 'No. 8'. The initial series of 6 folios is written on both sides with the following headings:

f. I: 'Chap 1 A synopsis of the Prophetick ffigures'

f. VI: 'Chap 2 Of the world, Heaven & Earth \& Hell/, ascending to heaven & descending to earth, rising out of the earth or waters & falling into them \descending into Hell/, moving from place to place, earthquakes, shaking & passing away of heaven & earth, \& the/ beginning & end of the world.'

Chapter Two breaks off after one page. Then follows a second draft of Chapter One, pp. 1-6.

b) Chapters II-IX of another treatise on interpreting history in terms of the prophecies in Revelation:

p. 7 'Chap. II The dayly worship described.'

p. 11 'Chap. III The Prophesy of opening the sealed Book \and of sounding the Trumpets/ described.'

p. 19 'Chap. IV The Prophesy of the eaten Book described.'

p. 29 'Chap V Of the Kingdoms and Churches, wch are the subject of sacred Prophesy.'

p. 29 'Sect. I Of the Dragon & ten horned Beast.'

p. 34 'Sect. II Of the Woman & two-horned Beast.'

p. 37 'Sect. III Of the division of Empire & Church into two Empires & two Churches.'

p. 44 'Sect .IV A further account of the division of the Roman Empire.'

p. 50 'Sect. V Of the seven heads & ten horns of the Dragon and Beast'

p. 56A 'Chap. VI The Prophesy of the Epistles to the seven Churches explained.'

p. 57 'Sect. I \The first Temple wth its Candlesticks representing/ The Seven Churches of Asia.'

p. 64 'Chap. VII The Prophesy of opening the first six Seales explained.'

p. 64 'Sect. I The first seal opened.'

p. 64 'Sect. II The second seal opened.'

p. 65 'Sect. III The third Seal opened'

p. 67 'Sect. IV The fourth seal opened'

p. 68 'The Plague of the Beasts of the earth.'

p. 69 'The plague of the Sword.'

p. 70 'The plagues of ffamine & Pestilence.'

p. 71 'Sect. V The fift Seale opened.'

p. 72 'Sect. VI The sixt Seale opened.'

p. 75 'Sect. VII The holding of the four winds explained.'

p. 78 'Chap. VIII The Prophesy of opening the seventh Seal explained.'

p. 78 'The first trumpet'

p. 92 'The second Trumpet'

p. 98 'The third Trumpet.'

p. 111 'The fourth Trumpet.'

p. 122 'Chap. IX The Prophecy of the three Woes at the voices of the three last Trumpets explained'

p. 122 'Sect. I. The first Wo.'

p. 130 'Sect. II. The second Wo.'

p. 135 'The third Wo'

p. 137 'Sect III. The \latter times &/ time of the end.'

p. 137v 'Sect III The time of the end & Third Woe.'

[105] 157 pp.


in English with Latin citations


The first 12 pages, numbered I-VI and 1-6, are two drafts of a work written circa mid-1680s, while the rest of the document (despite the confusing post-Newtonian pagination) is another work probably written around 1705-10.


Transcription and English translation in A.R. and M.B. Hall, Unpublished Scientific Papers, 90-156.


On the front cover in Thomas Pellet's hand: 'Sep 25 1727/ Not fit to be printed/ Tho Pellet'.

Ostensibly a dissertation on hydrostatics, more properly an attack on the supposedly atheistic philosophy of Descartes. Probably associated with the Principia.

[110] 40 pp.


in Latin



In Humphrey Newton's hand.


f. 1r 'Secunda Professio fidei'

f. 3r 'Tertia professio fidei, post ordinationem'

f. 5r Three paragraphs under the headings 'Titulus IX', 'Indiculum Pontificis', 'Professio Pontificia'.

[115] 8 pp. on 6 ff. of which one blank


in Latin

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Professor Rob Iliffe
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Scott Mandelbrote,
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