Newton’s Mint Papers

Mint texts sorted by date

1.

Holograph accounts of three successful trials of counterfeiters, adduced as precedents to show that such crimes could be prosecuted long after they were committed, and could be accounted high treason.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.482, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00840

2.

Certificate exempting Christopher Priddeth, by virtue of his position as Mint clerk, from civic duties and taxation.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.405, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00811

3.

An account of the vicissitudes of pursuing coinage offenders.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.438-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00842

4.

'The State of the Mint'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.8-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00016

5.

Holograph draft warrants to the keepers of the relevant prisons.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.480, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00841

6.

'An Account of the Mint in the Tower of London'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.2-3, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00020

7.

'Observations concerning the Mint'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.10-11, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00883

8.

Order of the Commons Committee on the Miscarriages of the Mint (forwarded to Newton by the Committee's chairman, Arnold) for [William] Chaloner [Challoner]to demonstrate before them his method of making guineas.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.506, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00843

9.

Petition of Francis Moore to the Treasury for a share of the estate of the convicted counterfeiter William Hawkins (executed on 26 July), as a reward for ascertaining the extent of this estate.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.485, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00844

10.

Detailed list of grievances against Lord Lucas (Lieutenant of the Tower) and his staff.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.409-10, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00813

11.

Documents relating to the Chaloner case.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.497-8, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00845

12.

Slightly shorter holograph draft of MINT00847 (I.503).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.496, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00848

13.

Holograph summary of the submissions put to a committee examining Chaloner's case.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.503, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00847

14.

Rougher holograph draft of MINT00845(b) (I.497v-498).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.499, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00846

15.

Covering letter for a formulaic statement of accounts for each mint to complete prior to its being closed down [April - September 1698].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.251, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00481

16.

'Chaloner's Case'. A history of Chaloner's crimes since 1690, largely summarising the confessions of other coiners.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.501-2, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00849

17.

Holograph draft lists of editorial amendments to be made to a report on Chaloner.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.505, II.265, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00850

18.

Response to the above petitions.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.458-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00853

19.

Laudatory account of the services of the late comptroller James Hoare during the recoinage.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.478-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00032

20.

Assessment of moneyers' bills for equipping country mints and other expenses, recommending several reductions in the total submitted.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.214, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00113

21.

Detailed holograph note of money received by Newton from the Treasury towards the prosecution of coinage offenders 5 September 1696 - 12 June 1699, and of related expenses from 3 August 1696.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.475-7, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00855

22.

On a request from the East India Company to be supplied with two mills and two presses for Fort St. George [in Madras].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.509, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00491

23.

Holograph notes on the denominations, fineness and weight of various foreign coins, with a letter to Catherine Barton dated 5 August 1700 on the reverse.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.30, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00195

24.

Fragmentary holograph notes on whether the coins should be received in London or Port Mahon [in Minorca].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.196, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00309

25.

Holograph memorandum on engraver [Henry] Harris's complete incompetence: 'Mr Harris cannot emboss nor punch, nor draw'. He has employed John Croker to do all this for him, and moreover has failed to remunerate Croker as promised.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.174, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00033

26.

Untitled holograph draft memorandum on John Pollexfen's A Discourse of Trade, Coyn and Paper Credit [1697, reprinted 1700].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.608-11, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00261

27.

£2,000 had been the customary security for the mastership until the previous incumbent, Thomas Neale, gave £15,000 to allay doubts raised by his somewhat dubious financial history.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.64, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00037

28.

Recommendations regarding currency control.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.139, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00270

29.

Discussion of standards by which to gauge the value of gold coin (specifically pistoles).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.142, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00272

30.

Response to a further proposal by the Irish Chancellor for a Dublin Mint.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.214-15, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00493

31.

Covering letter for MINT00159 (I.228-9).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.236, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00163

32.

'Directions about the Triall of the monies of Gold & Silver in the Pix'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.228-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00159

33.

Recommends Hopton Haynes for the post of weigher and teller, giving an account of his previous employment at the Mint (as a clerk) and elsewhere.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.121, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00044

34.

Further to a petition from probationer engraver [Samuel] Bull, recommend raising his salary from £50 to £60 p.a. plus piece work.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.163, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00047

35.

The £60 p.a. allowed for a master's assay master (as distinct from the royal assay master) has for a long time been paid to the deputy master, who has authority to examine the work of the royal assay master.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.103, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00046

36.

Royal warrant authorising Newton to continue to act under the indenture of 23 December 1700 after William III's death, pending formulation of a new indenture.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.416, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00049

37.

Requests orders to coin Coronation medals and offers suggestions about the quality of metals to be used.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.319, 326, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00743

38.

Expenses on Queen Anne Coronation medals [the last batch of which was ordered on 2 June 1702] amount to £2,485.18s.3 1/2 d.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.336, 338, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00119

39.

Response to a petition from Anthony Redhead [former master of the Norwich Mint] against unjust and over-long imprisonment.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.485, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00857

40.

Response to Leonard Blofield's petition for £2,497.16s.3d. allegedly owed him by Anthony Redhead on behalf of the Norwich Mint.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.481, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00858

41.

Draft of royal warrant to coin Vigo booty, with the inscription 'VIGO' on all coins.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.277, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00752

42.

Response to a petition from Abel Slaney and partners to coin a further 700 tons of halfpence and farthings.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.301, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00589

43.

The Mint has room to store over 2,000 tons of tin without interfering with coinage work

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.560, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00676

44.

Holograph draft report on the staff and equipment necessary for the Mint to take charge of storing and selling tin on behalf of the Crown.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.476, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00677

45.

Proposes himself as the receiver to administer the Queen's tin.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.475, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00681

46.

Report on a proposal by one White for gluing duty marks onto paper rather than impressing it [to certify that the recently-imposed tax on paper for parchments and deeds had been paid].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.447, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00294

47.

Brief letter concerning the 'perusal' and possible purchase, apparently on Newton's behalf, of some Italian coins from an unspecified 'gentleman'.

Author: Isaac Davies

Source: Mint 19/II.10-11, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00196

48.

Response to the applications at MINT00062 (I.140-45) and others.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.170-71, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00063

49.

'A Proposal for regulating the Gravers Office'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.147, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00068

50.

Oppose [Gabriel] le Clerk's petition to succeed Harris as engraver: would like to take him on as third engraver under Croker and Bull, but not until summer 1705, due to the cost of repairs occasioned by last year's storms [see MINT00063 (I.170-71)].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.167, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00069

51.

Reply to a query about the engravers' patent.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.172-3, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00070

52.

Submits his design for a medal [to commemorate the proclamation of Queen Anne's Bounty, a series of measures to relieve impoverished clergy]. Suggests that in future he be given authority to approve medal designs himself, to save the Treasury time.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.288, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00754

53.

Holograph draft memorandum on the Queen's trade in tin, predicting a loss to the Crown of over quarter of a million pounds by the end of a seven-year contract with the Cornish tin mines.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.520, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00683

54.

On arrangements for transporting tin to Portsmouth prior to export.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.514, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00684

55.

Holograph memorandum on Newton's design for a Union medal, with a detailed explanation of its symbolism.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.303-4, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00755

56.

The articles ordered for the Edinburgh Mint have been embarked, all except the weights and seals, as authorisation to mark the weights has not yet been given: request for such authorisation.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.97, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00359

57.

If pyx trials are to continue to be conducted in Scotland as the Lord Chancellor of Scotland wishes, new gold and silver trial pieces should be made and allotted to the English and Scottish Mints and Treasuries and to the Goldsmith's Company.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.190, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00360

58.

Requests a warrant for check weights to be made in London and sent to Edinburgh.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.64, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00364

59.

Order to convene a jury for the forthcoming pyx trial [28 July 1707].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.235, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00170

60.

The house of the surveyor of meltings is beyond repair.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.497, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00123

61.

On equipment still needed by the Edinburgh Mint, especially crown and half-crown puncheons, which are to be sent overland as this is the quickest way.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.78, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00377

62.

As the English recoinage was 'troublesome expensive and liable to abuse & gross abuses were actually committed in it', recommends various procedures to avoid a recurrence in Scotland. Possibly in reply to MINT00374 (III.110).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.160, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00376

63.

Encloses a list [MINT00375 (III.111)] of items needed to begin work at the Edinburgh Mint, especially puncheons for crowns and half-crowns, which are to be coined first.

Author: David Gregory

Source: Mint 19/III.110, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00374

64.

Petition for recovery of income lost and expenses incurred through the reorganisation of the Edinburgh Mint.

Author: James Clark Edinburgh engraver and die-sinker

Source: Mint 19/III.183, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00380

65.

An increase in fineness of silver in the course of melting has been detected: sends samples to demonstrate and requests advice on what to do about it. Some puncheons and other equipment ordered from London have still not arrived.

Author: David Gregory

Source: Mint 19/I.190-91, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00382

66.

Model letter for Allardes to send to Treasurer Godolphin.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.183, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00387

67.

In response to Allardes' proposal, recommends that for the duration of the recoinage the Scots be allowed to revert to their old practice [adding copper during melting] as this seems to be the only practicable method of producing standard coin there.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.187, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00388

68.

Detailed instructions on melting and description of London practice.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.201, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00390

69.

Request for advice on various aspects of Mint practice.

Author: Patrick Scott

Source: Mint 19/III.170-71, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00395

70.

In response to queries from Allardes [MINT00391 (III.119), in fact drafted by Newton himself], the Mint approve the proposed allowances.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.152, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00397

71.

Report on the Edinburgh Mint's financial difficulties.

Author: William Drummond

Source: Mint 19/III.133-4, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00401

72.

Report on a new design of furnace in Cornwall for melting tin.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.546-7, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00704

73.

Orders for payment of the sums mentioned in MINT00400 (III.161) and MINT00401 (III.133-4) have been rendered void by Stewart's death: requests a new order for payment by his executors.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.131, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00402

74.

Proposed measures to be taken in the wake of Daniel Stewart's recent death. Presumably a variant of MINT00402 (III.131).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.46, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00403

75.

The Earl of Derby [Governor of the Isle of Man] has asked for Manx currency to be coined in the Mint: Mint disapprove of coining foreign money, but see no objection to allowing the moneyers and engravers to make medals for him.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.456, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00497

76.

Proposals for sorting out the Edinburgh Mint's finances.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.29-30, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00410

77.

The continued refusal of Stewart's executors to hand over money owed to the Edinburgh Mint has left them unable to carry on their business. Begs Newton to sort the mess out: 'All the officers of the Mint depend very much upon you in this matter'.

Author: William Drummond

Source: Mint 19/III.168-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00409

78.

Clarification of Millar's duties as assistant to the commissioners: encloses a copy of his petition [MINT00411 (III.194)]. Recoinage is proceeding satisfactorily.

Author: Patrick Scott

Source: Mint 19/III.195, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00412

79.

Recommend the commissioners for coinage in Scotland be paid a total of £700 between them.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.74, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00416

80.

Correspondence relating to Edinburgh Mint funding.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.164, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00426

81.

Covering letter for a 'Memoriall' relating to various difficulties [MINT00419 (III.177)].

Author: George Allardes

Source: Mint 19/III.35, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00420

82.

'Memoriall from George Allardes Master of Her Majties Mint att Edinburgh to the honorable Sir Isaac Newton'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.177, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00419

83.

Reply to MINT00419 (III.177) and MINT00420 (III.35).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.44, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00421

84.

Asks permission for the London moneyers to go home as the recoinage is finished.

Author: William Drummond

Source: Mint 19/III.127, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00422

85.

Recommendations for sorting out the Edinburgh Mint's expenses.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.166, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00427

86.

Letter concerning the Edinburgh Mint

Author: Lord Seafield Lord Chancellor of Scotland

Source: Mint 19/III.123, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00425

87.

Personal letter

Author: George Allardes

Source: Mint 19/III.36, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00428

88.

Deplores the Edinburgh Mint's non-payment of fees and salaries and asks Newton's advice as to how this can be remedied.

Author: Duke of Lauderdale

Source: Mint 19/III.55, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00429

89.

Correspondence relating to the tin trade

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.486-7, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00706

90.

Reports the East India Company's offer to take a hundred tons of tin in lieu of money owed it by the Treasury for saltpetre.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.557, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00712

91.

Edinburgh Mint officers summoned by Council order to the pyx trial in London cannot be excused except by the Council itself, which Newton thinks unlikely.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.49, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00441

92.

Personal recommendation of deputy Edinburgh master Patrick Scott.

Author: Lord Seafield

Source: Mint 19/III.40, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00450

93.

Memorandum by Newton: 'Of the assaying of Gold and Silver, the making of indented Triall-pieces and trying the moneys in the Pix'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.109, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00173

94.

Complaint about trial plates.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.275, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00179

95.

Report on two coinage offenders.

Author: Isaac Newton ; Comptroller

Source: Mint 19/I.466-7, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00861

96.

Response to a proposal by one Mr Palmer to coin 700 tons of copper.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.387, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00596

97.

Copy of royal warrant to the Mint to receive plate at premium rates as specified in the Parliamentary ruling of 1 May 1711, issue receipts for it, and melt it at once into shillings and sixpences to be paid into the Exchequer.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.508, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00543

98.

'About' £39,281 worth of plate was received on 11, 12 and 14 May combined, besides some £6,000 worth yet to be assessed.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.517, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00549

99.

On the value of Mexican, Peruvian and Seville coins.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.205, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00305

100.

More detailed account of the value of Mexican and Seville coins taking wear into account.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.195, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00307

101.

In view of the non-acceptability of Mint receipts post-14 May for the public loan [see MINT00548 (II.543)], what provision is to be made for the vendors?

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.552, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00553

102.

Holograph draft memorandum on disputes between Newton and the warden [Craven Peyton], particularly the warden's opposition to Newton's proposal to pay vendors of plate 5s. per ounce on account [see MINT00558 (II.539-40)].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.537, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00559

103.

Holograph draft of a royal warrant authorising payment of the balance.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.518, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00565

104.

Correspondence relating to Spanish coinage.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.201, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00311

105.

Application to appoint a new smith.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.223, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00076

106.

Covering letter for a Mint report on a further petition from Cornwall for a renewal of the tin contract, and for 'a further Report upon the present state of the Tin', probably meaning the following entry.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.483, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00715

107.

Valuation of another three two-real pieces and new estimate of the total amount to be produced by the reminting as 4,189,000 two-real pieces.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.209, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00312

108.

Holograph draft memorandum giving a detailed list of measures to be taken to supervise the reminting in Spain, assess the quality of the resulting coin and organise finances.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.190, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00313

109.

Report on foreign coin in Ireland, with Newton's comments on it.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.236, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00499

110.

Two reports on foreign coin in Ireland.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.242-3, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00503

111.

Refers MINT00501 (II.232-3) to the Mint and orders a report on it.

Author: Treasury

Source: Mint 19/II.241, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00502

112.

Identical proposal to take on Beresford as apprentice.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.155-6, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00079

113.

Corrected account of the total bullion brought into the Scottish Mint during the recoinage, with a covering letter containing apologies for errors in the previous account and a repeated enquiry about the allowance for waste.

Author: Hercules Scott

Source: Mint 19/III.58-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00451

114.

Variant holograph draft of MINT00314 (II.172).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.162, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00317

115.

'Considerations about the Coynage of Copper Moneys'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.352, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00601

116.

Reply to his query about the permissible level of wastage in melting.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.181-2, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00452

117.

Response to John Pery's [Perry's] application to coin copper.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.306, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00605

118.

Reply to MINT00452 (I.181-2).

Author: Hercules Scott

Source: Mint 19/I.188, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00453

119.

Report on Robert Weddell's expense claim of £467.15s.2d. for prosecuting coinage offenders from May 1711 to Christmas 1712, which the Mint consider reasonable given his success rate.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.468, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00863

120.

Promises his vote for the presidency at next week's Royal Society election to Newton, whom he would make 'Perpetual Dictator' of the Society, and asking Newton how he should vote for the councillors and officers.

Author: John Chamberlayne

Source: Mint 19/II.334-5, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00893

121.

Three partial holograph drafts similar to MINT00457 (III.56) but suggesting a compromise Newton has proposed to the Treasury, raising the Edinburgh Mint's allowance to £1,450 p.a.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.57, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00458

122.

Response to MINT00454 (III.23-8).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.56, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00457

123.

Submits designs for reverses of half-guineas and sixpences.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.286, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00766

124.

Further to an oral enquiry, explains the hammer test of copper and gives a detailed account of the costs involved in coining.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.413, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00608

125.

Report on copper coinage.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.305, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00611

126.

Estimates the lowest possible cost of coining farthings as 1s.9 1/2 d. per pound weight. He and another mill owner, Essington, are considering putting in a joint tender.

Author: Charles Parry

Source: Mint 19/II.325, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00616

127.

An account of experimental coinage of halfpence from bars: the coins have proved substandard. Suspects tin has been added by the melter contrary to instructions. Repeats request for money to repair and equip the Irish Mint [see MINT00611 (II.305)].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.311, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00617

128.

Referral of the above.

Author: Treasury

Source: Mint 19/II.388, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00319

129.

Requests orders to draft new designs for coins as soon as the King's coat of arms has been decided on.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.276, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00758

130.

As requested, presents his six proposed mottoes, and descriptions of six proposed emblems, for the reverse of the Coronation Medal.

Author: Hopton Haynes

Source: Mint 19/III.309, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00760

131.

Report on copper coinage techniques.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.308, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00623

132.

Reply to a Treasury enquiry about copper coinage techniques.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.363, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00625

133.

Response to the petition of the former Edinburgh bullion clerk William Hamilton, referred by the Treasury to the London Mint.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.199, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00465

134.

Complaint about encroachments on Mint jurisdiction.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.407, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00823

135.

'An Account of the Tin remaining unsold in the Tower, in Holland, & at Hamburgh, Octob. 25. 1715', with an appended note, presumably to the Treasury, dated 26 October.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.541, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00734

136.

Variant draft of MINT00140 (I.325), with a table of income and expenditure over five years (1711-15).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.313-14, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00141

137.

Request for an increase in Mint funding.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.325, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00140

138.

Report on samples of ore sent to the Mint by Townshend for testing: it is rich in silver, but Newton does not know where it comes from.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.268, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00776

139.

Detailed technical instructions to be given to Brandshagen and Hamilton for inspecting the mine at Alva: they should be assisted by an Edinburgh Mint officer.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.231-2, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00780

140.

Passes on a report he has received about the vein of silver ore in Alva and gives advice on conducting the inspection.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.269, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00783

141.

Suggests various means by which Brandshagen and his party could save time and money in their investigation.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.260, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00786

142.

Complaint about encroachments on Mint property.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.433, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00825

143.

Table of gold and silver coined 1696-1717.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.263, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00579

144.

In response to a verbal order, a detailed account of Newton's proposed method of coining copper from rolled bars, the requisite staff and their respective duties.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.356, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00633

145.

Two holograph drafts of a report on Brandshagen's and the Hamiltons' expense claims, specifying which of the expenses Newton considers justified.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.261, 263, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00789

146.

Partial holograph draft of MINT00643 (II.319).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.336, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00646

147.

Recommend accepting Henry Hines' tender to supply copper.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.443, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00641

148.

Protest against preferential treatment for the Edinburgh Mint.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.372, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00467

149.

Warrant to lend Hines a cutter for use on copper bars.

Author: Treasury

Source: Mint 19/II.341, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00649

150.

Royal warrant to Newton to buy and coin copper in quantities fixed by the Treasury.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.425, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00651

151.

Table of coinage 1702-17, obviously connected and probably sent with MINT00575 (II.245).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.291-2, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00578

152.

Reply to an order for an account of gold and silver coined since Christmas 1702.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.245, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00575

153.

Conveys an order from the King to calculate the value of other English gold coins in proportion to the 21s. guinea, preparatory to the devaluation of the guinea from 21s.6d.

Author: Edward Northey Attorney General

Source: Mint 19/II.117-18, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00186

154.

High praise of MINT00322 (II.111-16) following its publication in the previous day's Daily Courant, though with certain reservations about the risk of a drain on gold reserves following the devaluation.

Author: M. M.

Source: Mint 19/II.121, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00335

155.

Having heard that his sample has been approved, he submits his proposals for consideration by the Treasury and hopes in a few months to supply two tons of copper per week or something approaching it.

Author: William Wood

Source: Mint 19/II.459, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00657

156.

Response to the criticisms made by Jones and Essington of the new copper issue.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.349, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00660

157.

Defence of the present coinage and of the tender accepted against the printed complaint of the disappointed tenderers and three letters of Richard Jones. Newton has accepted not the cheapest tender but the most reliable one.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.452, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00659

158.

Response to Lauderdale's request for an advance of £2,400 to the Edinburgh Mint.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.107-8, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00470

159.

'Observations upon the state of the Coins of Gold and Silver'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.124-5, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00336

160.

Response to a petition from copper suppliers Hines and Appleby [see MINT00643 (II.319)] referred to Newton by the Treasury.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.448, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00662

161.

Covering letter from Treasury referring MINT00665 (II.367) to Newton.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.368, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00666

162.

History of the smith's house since 1577 and of disputes between the Mint and the Ordnance Office as to which of them owns it.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.426, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00828

163.

Reply to MINT00874 (I.462-3).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.464, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00875

164.

Response to MINT00872 (I.495): Rotherham appears to be 'a trifler more fit to embroyle the coinage then to mend it'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.494, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00873

165.

Referral of MINT00871 (I.486-7), with another copy of it.

Author: Charles Delafaye Undersecretary of State

Source: Mint 19/I.495, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00872

166.

Approves James Girard's bill for engraving seals.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.470, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00771

167.

Recommends the appointment of Robert Lowe as porter at £20 p.a. by a constitution instead of by a patent, which would cost the appointee too much.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.224, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00095

168.

Proposes £30 p.a. for senior engraver Croker to maintain [Francis] Beresford, who has completed his apprenticeship [see MINT00078 (I.165) and MINT00079 (I.155-6)].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.151, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00096

169.

'To Sr. Isaac Newton Master and Worker of his Maj. Mint in ye Tower/ The Humble Memorial of Sam: Bull 2d. Engraver &c'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.166, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00097

170.

In support of a protest by the Corporation of Moneyers against Wood's licence to coin [MINT00508 (II.460-61)].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.464, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00509

171.

Excuses delays in presenting his accounts by his agent's failure to send him relevant documentation.

Author: Duke of Lauderdale

Source: Mint 19/III.200-201, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00476

172.

Following a protest by the Irish Parliament against Wood's licence to coin, asks Newton to send an expert to Bristol to examine his coins.

Author: Treasury

Source: Mint 19/II.458, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00511

173.

Detailed report on the trial at London of Wood's copper coinage for Ireland, which was found satisfactory, with an account of the amount of Wood's coinage up to 28 March 1724.

Author: Isaac Newton ; Edward Southwell Secretary of the Privy Council of Ireland ; John Scrope Treasury Secretary

Source: Mint 19/II.467, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00515

174.

Report on a comparison of Mint avoirdupois with Mint and Exchequer troy weights.

Author: Hopton Haynes

Source: Mint 19/I.134, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00887

175.

Detailed account of how all Brandshagen's legitimate claims were settled and refutation of the others. If he left any debts, his executors must pay them.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/III.245, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00798

176.

Report on the assay and weighing of five new denominations of Portuguese gold coin and recommendation of the values they should pass at in Ireland.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.229, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00518

177.

Report on gold from the West Indies brought to the Mint by the South Sea Company.

Author: Hopton Haynes

Source: Mint 19/I.108, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00584

178.

Proposes John Rollos, recently appointed royal engraver, to replace the late Samuel Bull as second engraver in the Mint.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/I.177, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00099

179.

Holograph notes on the output and costs of various individual operations (e.g. pressing, stamping, milling) at the Mint.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mint 19/II.418-19, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00890

© 2017 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

Privacy Statement

  • University of Oxford
  • Arts and Humanities Research Council
  • JISC