# Holograph notes on the denominations, fineness and weight of various foreign coins, with a letter to Catherine Barton dated 5 August 1700 on the reverse.

{illeg} {illeg}{illeg} {Lords} {illeg} {Lon}don, {Par}is & {Gla}{sgow} {illeg} In England{,} France, Flanders, Genoua, Florence. Venice they reccon by {poun}ds sh{hillin}gs {illeg} or livers sou{{ls}{s}} {&} deniers,

In Engla{nd} acc^{ts} are kept by pounds shillings pence \halfpence/ & farthings. The Gold coyne are 5 guinea-pieces, two Guinea-pie{c}es, Guin{illeg}|ea|s & half Guineas all of y^{e} same allay w^{ch} is {illeg}|11| parts fine gold & {illeg}|1| part allay, & there are 44$\frac{1}{\mathrm{}}$ Guineas in a pound weight {Troy.} The silver coyns are crowns or five shilling pieces, half crowns, shillings {illeg} or twelve-pences, {illeg} six pences, four-pences or groats, three-pences, two pences & pence all of y^{e} same allay w^{ch} is 11$\frac{1}{10}$ fine silver & $\frac{9}{10}$ allay, & there are 62 shillings in y^{e} pound weight Troy. The half-pence & farthings are of copper & 88 farthings make a pound weight Troy. Sometimes they reccon in England by marks & Nobles & a noble is $\frac{1}{3}$ of 20^{s} & a mark $\frac{2}{3}$^{ds}.

In s|S|cotland they {illeg} \reccon by pounds & shillings &/ coyne{d} at p^{r}sent 60 40 30 20 10 & 5^{s} shillings pieces \of silver/: {illeg}|o|f the same {st}andard w^{th} english silver money according to law, but actually about $\frac{1}{2}$ or $\frac{1}{3}$ of a penny weight worse then y^{e} English money \one piece w^{th} another/ by y^{e} unaccurates {sic} of their workmen. \They divide an ounce as the English do into sixty \two {parts}/ & coyn {illeg} sixty of those as the English do but 56 into a crown or sixty shilling piece so that a {sic}/ A 60 shillings piece is {to a} pound weight Scotch as {illeg}|5|6 to 62 or {illeg} 28 to 31. {|No|{{illeg}|w|}} a pound weight scotch is less then a pound w^{t} English by {9}|4|^{dwt} 9^{gr} english, So that 60 shillings scotch ought to weight 425$\frac{1}{2}$$\frac{1}{8}$$\frac{1}{4}$ {illeg}{y} 425$\frac{20}{31}$ grains english & be worth 55 pence English wanting the $\frac{1}{12}$ of a farthing {b}ut being something coarser & lighter then it should be it may be recconed worth 5{5}|4|$\frac{3}{4}$ pence English {o}ne piece w^{th} another. In Scotland they have sometimes coyned marks, two-mark \pieces/ ,|&| $\frac{1}{2}$ mark pieces |{illeg} & small pieces three of w^{ch} make a noble| {illeg} their mark|s| pieces {not} is 13^{s} 4^{d} of their money \but these were being ill coyned were lately called in. {sic}/. In the nearest round number their marks may {illeg} in England for shillings & their ten shilling pieces for nine pences.

In Ireland two 4$\frac{1}{2}$^{d} is one Haper {illeg}|o|r 9^{d} English, & 20 Harpers is a pound or 15^{s} English

In France they reccon by Livers souls & deniers. 12 Deniers make a souls 20 souls a Liver {or} Frank. {illeg} 16 souls make a Cardecu & 4 Cardecus a Crown. But now y^{e} French crown is 60 {s}ous & weighteth 17^{dwt} 11$\frac{1}{2}$ gr being to t|[|he\The/ Paris ouce as 60 to 62 being\is/ divided into 62 sous whereof 60 {to} their crown. The silver Their pound is to y^{e} English pound \& by consequence their crown to y^{e} English as {sic}/ as {6} 93 to 100. so that their pound is {5655}\5357./ {E}nglish grains & their ounce 446$\frac{5}{12}$|]| The French Gold Lewis d'or equals $\frac{1}{4}$ of a French crown or {si}{x} sous in weight, being in weight 4^{dwt} 8^{gr}$\frac{3}{4}$ & is in fineness 11^{oz} or 11^{oz}–$\frac{1}{4}$^{gr}. that is worse $\frac{1}{4}$ ^{{illeg}}gr And the French silver is worse 06^{wt}. The French & Spaniard use the same weigh{t} w^{ch} is a Mark of 7 oz 8^{dwt} 8 ounces & weights 7 oz 8^{dwt} Troy.

In Spain the pieces of $\frac{8}{8}$ weigh 17^{dwt}$\frac{1}{2}$ & the Pillar pieces are better 2^{dwt} the Mexico worse 1^{dwt} the Peruvian worse 1$\frac{1}{2}$ dwt. The Spanish Pistol weighs 4^{dwt} 8^{gr} & is worse $\frac{1}{4}$^{gr}. {34 Peru} & a Mexic \{illeg}ants are kept in Merveds & Rials./ 34 Mervedes is a Rial & 8 Rials is a piece of $\frac{8}{8}$. The exchanges are made upon the Imaginary Ducat of 375 Mervedes or 11 Rials & a Mervede. T A piece of $\frac{8}{8}$ equals a Frence {sic} crown in weight & a spanish Pistol equals a French one in weight, & both are $\frac{1}{4}$ of a crown or piece of eight.

The Ducat of|\is y^{e} same all over/| Holland & the Empire & weights 2^{dwt} 5^{gr} {illeg}|&| is better 1^{car} 2^{gr}. In Holland the three Guilder pieces \(= 60 stivers)/ weigh 1^{oz}. 6^{gr} and are 4^{dwt} (& sometimes by default 5^{{illeg}} 6 & 7^{dwt}) worse |[|20 Stivers \(or {4 olds}{solds} Turtois)/ here & in Flanders make a Guilder, & six stivers make a \flemmish/ shillings & 20 shillings or skillings a pound Flemish. Ducatoons are = 10 dutch skillings Pa{t}{l}atoons = 8 Dutch skillings a Ducatoon is 4$\frac{1}{2}$^{dwt} better & weights 1^{oz} 0^{dwt} 22^{gr}. The Dutch reccon by pence Groats or Grosses stivers Guilders & 4^{d} is a Gross. 2|t|wo Grosses a Stiver, 12 Grosses \= 6 stivers =/ a skilling, 20 skillings a pound \flemish/, 20 stivers a Guilder 6 Guilders a pound flem.|]| A Ducattoon of Flanders weights 1 oz 22^{dwt}grains is better 4$\frac{1}{2}$^{dwt} is worth 5^{s} 5^{d}$\frac{\mathrm{}}{6}$ 5 $\frac{5}{6}$^{d} 5^{s}. 6^{d}$\frac{3}{8}$ A double \Dutch/ stiver weighs 1^{dwt} & is worse 4^{oz} 4^{oz} 6 dw^{t}, & is worth 1$\frac{9}{10}$^{d}. The Dutch weight is a Mark of 8 ounces & weight 7^{oz} 18^{dwt} Troy.

A Traveller told me that the Dutch ounce was but a grain lighter then y^{e} English ounce Troy

For M^{ris} Catherine Barton

at M^{r} Gyre's at Publicot neare

Woodstock in

*Oxfordshire*

By Chipping Norton Bagg.

I had yo^{r} two letters & am glad y^{e} air agrees w^{th} you & th{ough the}
fever is loath to leave you yet I hope it aba{illeg}|te|s, & y^{t} y^{e}
{re}mains of y^{e} small pox are dropping off apace. S^{r} Ioseph {Tily}
is leaving M^{r} Tolls house & its probable I may succeed him{. I}
intend to send you some wine by the next Carrier w^{ch} beg
the favour of M^{r} Gyre & his Lady to accept of. My L{ady}
Norris thinks you forget yo^{r} promis of writing to her, & wants {a}
letter from you. Pray let me know by yo^{r} next how your f{ace is}
& if yo^{r} fevour be going. Perhaps warm milk from y^{e} Cow may {help}
to abate it. I am

Yo^{r} very loving Vnkle

Is. Newton