Sect. III.
Of the first & second Temples and their Candlesticks.

As a Beast & his horns signify a kingdom & the parts of a kingdom so a Temple & its candlesticks signify a Church & the parts of a Church. And in this Prophesy there are two Temples, the first wth seven candlesticks representing \called/ the seven Churches of Asia, the second wth two Candlesticks called the two Witnesses. The first Temple represents the Church of God diffused throughout the kingdom of the Dragon: the second Temple represents the Church of God diffused throughout the kingdom of the Beast. While the Empire continues united & the whole is represented by the Dragon, the Church of God diffused through the w\h/ole Empire is represented by the first Temple & the seven Churches of Asia is represented by \signified being/ the seven Candlesticks of are to be considered as the metropolis of this Church because \ wch/ by their seven lamps they illuminate the whole Temple, are to be considered as the Metropolis of this Church, & their teachers as the {illeg} seven lamps wch illuminate the \whole/ Church Catholick. But when the Empire becomes divided into two Empires \represented by the Dragon & Beast./{sic} that each Empire may have |its| a new Temple is built in the Western Empire. \Temple the first Temple continues in the kingdom of the Dragon & a new Temple is built in the kingdom of the Beast. And these two Temples are the two eyes & two leggs of of the son of Man & his two leggs standing upon the earth & sea. His eyes are like flames of fire & his leggs like amber or brass {bringing} in or shining brass as if they burned in a furnace to represent his people under persecutions./ Before the division this Temple & the glorious Woman who appeared in it, signify one & the same \true/ Church catholick but upon the division of the Empire the Woman flies from this Temple into the Wilderness of Arabia towards the great City Babylon & quitting her first metropolis the seven churches of Asia seats her self in \an as/ the great city upon seven hills & leaves a remnant of her seed in the first Temple wch remnant keeps the commandments & have the testimony of Iesus & are the twelve Tribes of Israel wch worship in this Temple & out of wch the 144000 are sealed, the rest in the war wch the Dragon goes to make upon them & the rest receiving the mark of the Beast. Th The second Temple is in the kingdom of the Beast because \the Beast makes war upon/ the two Witnesses represented by its Candlesticks prophesy in the streets of the great City Babylon & the Beast wch ascends out of the abyss or sea & overcomes them & kills them in the streets of the great city Babylon wch in the form of a Woman reign over him. And therefore the first Temple continues in the kingdom of the Dragon. For the seven Candlesticks do not cease at the division of the Empire but continue in the first Temple to ye end of the Prophesy. The seven Angels wch pour out sound the Trumpets & pour out the Vials being being \are/ their lamps. & This Temple (not the second Temple but the Temple of the Tabernacle) standsing till the seven plagues of the seven Angels were \be/ fulfilled, & the Church of Pergamus lastsing till Christ comes & fights against the Nicolaitans wth the sword of his mouth & that of Sardis till Christ comes as a thief, & the Churches of Thyatira being \& Philadelphia are/ to hold <2r> fast what they have till Christ comes. So then the Greek & Latin Empires

We told you above that the nations through which the Church whole Church of Christ was seated, were divided into three parts the Eastern Empire the Western Empire & the northern nations of Europe with their Churches false & true are represented by the Dragon & first Beast, the fals Prophet & Whore, the seven Candlesticks in the first Temple & the two Candlesticks in the second. For it was fit that all these things should be represented.

But youre are to remember that the nations through \in/ wch the whole Church of Christ was seated became divided into three parts, the eastern Empire the western Empire & the northern nations of Europe. After the division of the Empire The first Temple was seated in one of the three parts the eastern Empire wch was one of the three parts, & the second Temple {illeg} \was/ seated in the other two parts & \by/ its two Candlesticks represents the \two/ Churches in those two parts \one in each part within the old Western Empire the other within the northern nations under the Latin Church/. For Charles the great king of France by conquering all Germany, & \& by/ being Crowned Emperor of the Romans by the Pope \& swearing fealty to the Church of Rome/ & by propagating \establishing/ the authority & religion of the Pope into all his conquests propagated the reign of the into all Germany the reign \dominion/ of the great Whore & the kingdom \of Babylon of & that/ of the Beast upon wch she sits, & the two Witnesses were to Prophesy in all the kingdom of the Beast. Dracia being a Province of the old Roman Empire is to be referred to the Greek Empire. To Germany I refer Behemia Silesia Lusatia Moravia & Switzerland. Hungary may be also referred to the body of ye Beast being subject to the church of Rome & their kings always paying homage to ye Emperor \of Germany/ as Lazius proves by many examples & {illeg} that part of Hungary wch lyes on the south side of ye Danube belonging originally to ye Western Empire being a part of the western Empire before it was invaded by the Hunns. Dacia being a Province of the old Roman Empire belonged originally to ye Greek Church.


But you are to remember that the nations in wch the whole Church of Christ was seated consisted of three parts, the Eastern Empire the Western Empire & the northern nations of Europe. The first Temple before the division of the Empire, comprehended the whole: \but/ After the division it comprehended only the nations of the Greek Empire amongst wch I reccon Dacia; & as a new temple was built for the saints of the Western Empire & of the northern nations who had received the gospel from them. And this Temple comprehended two of the three parts, it has in it two Candlesticks \& two olive trees to/ represent \the/ two Churches called the two witnesses And these are the Churches called ye two Witnesses. \of those two parts, one Church within the Empire & ye other among the northern nations./ For Candlesticks signify Churches (Apoc. 1. 20) & so do Olive trees (Rom 11. 17) And these are the two Churches called the two Witnesses. For Charles the great The seven Candlesticks were applied to ye Churches of particular cities & least you should apply the two Candlesticks to the churches of two cities they are called also two Olive trees. For Olive trees are types of \Nations &/ national Churches (Ier. 11. 16. Rom. 11. 17) And these are the two Churches They are also called two Witnesses & by that name comprehend all the saints \& Martyrs/ who prophesy against the Beast & Whore of Babylon & wth whose blood she is drunken. They torm \For Charles ye/ By their prophesying they tormented them that d\w/elt on the earth & were slain by the whole Beast & they of the people & the kindreds & tongues & nations saw their dead bodies in the street of ye great city: all wch argues that they are of large extents & by consequence extend into the northern nations. For the northern nations invaded the Empire & mixed with the Romans & at length in erecting the ten kingdoms & at length – Charles ye great--- Beasts upon wch she sits. And ye mind of ye Prophesy was to make the two Beast & his Churches true & false of one & ye same extent so that the two two Witnesses might P prophesy against the Beast & Woman in all their dominions.

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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