Browse texts by category: Science

1.

Letter to Henry Oldenburg, 16 March 1671

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/35, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00307

2.

Letter to Henry Oldenburg, 19 March 1671

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/36, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00308

3.

Newton's figure of his reflecting telescope with explanations

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/37, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00309

4.

Letter to Henry Oldenburg, dated 13 April 1672

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/38, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00310

5.

Letter to Henry Oldenburg, dated 11 June 1672

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/39, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00311

6.

Letter to to Henry Oldenburg for Ignatius-Gaston Pardies, dated 10 June 1672

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/40, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00312

7.

Letter to to Henry Oldenburg, dated 30 July 1672

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/41, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00313

8.

Copy of an extract from Newton to John Collins, dated 10 December 1672

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/42-44, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00314

9.

Copy of an extract of a letter to John Collins, dated 10 December 1672

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/45, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00315

10.

Copy of a letter to John Collins, dated 9 April 1672

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/46, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00316

11.

Answer to Huygens' critique of Newton's new theory of light and colours, dated 10 June 1673

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/47, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00317

12.

Response to Linus's second letter concerning Newton's new theory of light and colours, dated 13 November 1675

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/48, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00318

13.

Letter to Oldenburg concerning Thomas Mace's Otocousticon, dated 30 November 1675

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/49, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00319

14.

Note about his reflecting telescope

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/50, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00320

15.

Letter to Oldenburg answering Linus's second letter on Newton's new doctrine of light and colour

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/51, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00321

16.

Letter to Oldenburg on his experiments to show colour and light

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/52, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00322

17.

Letter to Oldenburg on the lengths and angles of prism images, dated 18 August 1676

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/53, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00323

18.

Letter to Oldenburg on delays conducting experiments

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/54, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00324

19.

Concerning experiments to show heat

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/62, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00333

20.

Observations of the sun and moon at the spring equinox

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/63, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00334

21.

Copy of a letter to John Flamsteed from a committee of the Royal Society

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/64, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00335

22.

Letter to Louis d'Aumont, dated 3 June 1714

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: EL/N1/65, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00336

23.

Pierpont Morgan Notebook

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MA 318, The Morgan Library & Museum, New York, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00001

24.

Various fragmentary astronomical notes, including Edmond Halley's observations on a comet

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MA 7247, The Morgan Library & Museum, New York, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00402

25.

Liber Primus, Pars. I (1706)

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Optice: Sive De Reflexionibus, Refractionibus, Inflexionibus & Coloribus Lucis. Libri Tres. (London: 1706).

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00064

[1] 2 pp.

[2]

Published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 1 (Cambridge: 1959), p. 120

[3]

in English

[4] Letter to Henry Oldenburg, 19 March 1671 [EL/N1/36]

[5] 2 pp.

[6]

Published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 1 (Cambridge: 1959), p. 121

Letter to Henry Oldenburg, 16 March 1671 [EL/N1/35]

[7]

in English

[8] 2 pp.

[9]

Published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 81 (25 March 1672), pp. 4004-4007.

Letter to Henry Oldenburg, 19 March 1671 [EL/N1/36] An Accompt of a New Catadioptrical Telescope invented by Mr. Newton [Philosophical Transactions 81 (25 March 1672)]

[10]

in English

[11] 2 pp.

[12]

Published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 1 (Cambridge: 1959), p. 140

A Latin Letter … by Ignatius Gaston Pardies … containing some Animadversions upon Mr. Isaac Newton … his Theory of Light [Philosophical Transactions 84 (17 June 1672)] Mr Newtons Letter of April 13. 1672 … being an Answer to the fore-going Letter of P. Pardies [Philosophical Transactions 84 (17 June 1672)]

[13]

in English

[14] 2 pp.

[15]

Published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 1 (Cambridge: 1959), p. 193

Letter to to Henry Oldenburg for Ignatius-Gaston Pardies, dated 10 June 1672 [EL/N1/40]

[16]

in English

[17] 2 pp.

[18]

Published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 1 (Cambridge: 1959), p. 163 and Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 85 (15 July 1672), pp. 5014-5018.

Letter to Henry Oldenburg, dated 11 June 1672 [EL/N1/39] A second Letter of P. Pardies [Philosophical Transactions 85 (15 July 1672)] Mr. Newton's Answer to the foregoing Letter [of Ignace Pardies] [Philosophical Transactions 85 (15 July 1672)]

[19]

in English

[20] 2 pp.

[21]

Published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 1 (Cambridge: 1959), p. 221

[22]

in English

[23] 5 pp. on 3 ff.

[24]

Published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 1 (Cambridge: 1959), pp. 247-50.

[25]

in English with a little Latin

[26] 2 pp.

[27]

in English

[28] 4 pp.

[29]

in English

[30] 4 pp.

[31]

Published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 96 (21 July 1673), pp. 6087-6092.

An Extract of a Letter lately written by an ingenious person from Paris [Christiaan Huygens] [Philosophical Transactions 96 (21 July 1673)] Mr. Newtons Answer to the foregoing Letter [of Christiaan Huygens] [Philosophical Transactions 96 (21 July 1673)]

[32]

in English

[33] 2 pp.

[34]

Published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 1 (Cambridge: 1959), p. 356 and Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 121 (24 January 1675/6), pp. 501-502.

A letter of Mr. Franc. Linus … being a reply to the Letter printed in Numb. 110 [Philosophical Transactions 121 (24 January 1675/6)] Mr. Isaac Newton's Considerations on the former Reply [of Francis Linus] [Philosophical Transactions 121 (24 January 1675/6)]

[35]

in English

[36] 2 pp.

[37]

in English

[38] 1 p.

[39]

in English and French

[40] 2 pp.

[41]

in English

[42]

Published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 123 (25 March 1676), pp. 556-561 and partially published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 1 (Cambridge: 1959), p. 421.

A letter of Mr. Franc. Linus … being a reply to the Letter printed in Numb. 110 [Philosophical Transactions 121 (24 January 1675/6)] A particular Answer of Mr. Isaak Newton to Mr. Linus his Letter [Philosophical Transactions 123 (25 March 1676)]

[43] 2 pp.

[44]

in English

[45]

Published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 2 (Cambridge: 1960), p. 6.

[46] Letter to Oldenburg on delays conducting experiments [EL/N1/54]

[47] 6 pp.

[48]

in English with some Latin

[49]

Published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 2 (Cambridge: 1960), p. 76 and Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 128 (25 September 1676), pp. 698-705.

A Letter from Liege concerning Mr Newton's Experiment of the colour'd Spectrum [Philosophical Transactions 128 (25 September 1676)] Mr Newton's Answer to the precedent Letter [Philosophical Transactions 128 (25 September 1676)]

[50] 2 pp.

[51]

in English

[52]

Published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 2 (Cambridge: 1960), p. 83.

Letter to Oldenburg on his experiments to show colour and light [EL/N1/52]

[53] 1 p.

[54]

in English

[55]

Published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 270 (March/April 1701), pp. 824-9.

[56] 1 p.

[57]

in Latin

[58] 2 pp.

[59]

in English

[60] 2 pp.

[61]

in English

[62]

Described and partially published (as far as the conjuring tricks), with selected facsimiles of the later pages, in D.E. Smith, 'Two Unpublished Documents of Isaac Newton', 16-31. One very brief shorthand entry ('A remedy for a Ague') is deciphered in Westfall, 'Short Writing', 13. The word-lists are based on Francis Gregory's school text-book Nomenclatura brevis anglo-Latinis (1654), though with some interesting and (debatably) suggestive additions and variants: see Manuel, Portrait, 11-12, 27, 30, 34, 37, 69-70, 397-8.

[63]

Pocket memorandum notebook covering the end of Newton's schooldays and the beginning of his university career.

On the first leaf (in Newton's hand): 'Isacus Newton hunc librum possidet teste Edwardo Secker pret: 2d ob. 1659'. Contains technical advice on drawing, various medical recipes, instructions for performing conjuring tricks, astronomical charts, accounts of Copernican astronomy and 'Drebles Motion' [i.e. the supposed perpetual motion machine of Cornelius Drebbel], mathematical exercises, notes on universal character, and several lists of words, under assorted subject headings, beginning with the same letter.

One of four notebooks, with those in Trinity College Library, Cambridge University Library and the Fitzwilliam Museum, which supply the main source of evidence about Newton's interests and activities during his early years at Cambridge.

[64] 58ff.

[65]

in English

[66]

Written in the blank spaces of a letter.

[67] 2 pp on 1 f.

[68]

in Latin with a few words of English

[69] Liber Primus, Pars. II (1706) [Optice (1706)] Optice (1706) Front Matter to the Optice (1706) [Optice (1706)]

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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