Browse texts by category: Overseas Mints and Coinage

1.

'The intended Report of ye Councell of Trade to his Ex[cellen]cie ye Lord Leiut. & Councell of Ireland'.

Author: Unknown

Source: MINT 19/3/449-54, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00486

2.

'The Produce of the Revenue of Ireland in Quarters'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/458, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00487

3.

Copy of a table of values of foreign coins current in Ireland drawn up by James Hoare, then comptroller, in 1692; short covering letter.

Author: Hopton Haynes

Source: MINT 19/2/227-8, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00488

4.

'The Case of the Parliament of Ireland'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/456-7, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00489

5.

Firm rejection of a proposal to erect a Mint for silver coinage in Dublin.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/216-17, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00490

6.

On a request from the East India Company to be supplied with two mills and two presses for Fort St. George [in Madras].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/509, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00491

7.

Further holograph draft of MINT00491 (Mint 19/1/509).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/507, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00492

8.

Response to a further proposal by the Irish Chancellor for a Dublin Mint.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/214-15, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00493

9.

Holograph drafts of MINT00493 (Mint 19/2/214-15).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/212-13, 218-19, 220-21, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00494

10.

Personal letter to the same general effect as MINT00493 (Mint 19/2/214-15), but promising all possible assistance if a Mint in Ireland is decided on.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/222, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00495

11.

'Proposals for coyning half pence and farthings of Copper for the English Plantations in America'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/403, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00496

12.

The Earl of Derby [Governor of the Isle of Man] has asked for Manx currency to be coined in the Mint: Mint disapprove of coining foreign money, but see no objection to allowing the moneyers and engravers to make medals for him.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/456, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00497

13.

Holograph draft of MINT00497 (Mint 19/2/456).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/457, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00498

14.

Report on foreign coin in Ireland, with Newton's comments on it.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/236, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00499

15.

Holograph drafts of MINT00499(b) (Mint 19/2/236v).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/225-6, 230, 231, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00500

16.

Regarding recent legislation making certain foreign coins current in Ireland, a new proclamation with provision for worn coins is requested, the original proclamation having been destroyed in a fire at the Council chambers.

Author: Dublin Privy Council

Source: MINT 19/2/232-3, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00501

17.

Refers MINT00501 (Mint 19/2/232-3) to the Mint and orders a report on it.

Author: Treasury

Source: MINT 19/2/241, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00502

18.

Two reports on foreign coin in Ireland.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/242-3, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00503

19.

Further holograph draft of MINT00503 (Mint 19/2/242-3).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/234-5, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00504

20.

Extended holograph draft of MINT00503 (Mint 19/2/242-3).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/237-8, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00505

21.

Partial holograph draft of MINT00503 (Mint 19/2/242-3).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/239-40, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00506

22.

Calculations of the weight and value of the new louis d'or and louis d'argent which are to be made current in Ireland.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/223, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00507

23.

Treasury warrant to William Wood to strike copper coin for Ireland in Bristol.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/460-61, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00508

24.

In support of a protest by the Corporation of Moneyers against Wood's licence to coin [MINT00508 (Mint 19/2/460-61)].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/464, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00509

25.

Holograph draft of MINT00509 (Mint 19/2/464).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/465, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00510

[1]

Statistics of Irish land, housing, cattle, total wealth, coin and population. Ends by citing a speech made by Sir Thomas Roe in 1640 advising against raising the value of coin in Ireland.

[2]

Table of quarterly statistics of Irish customs and excise duties 1682-8.

[3] Isaac Newton

[4]

Covering letter printed in Westfall, 593.

[5]

[Makes repeated reference to 'Molyn.', ie. William Molyneux, The Case of Ireland's being bound by Acts of Parliament in England, stated (Dublin, 1698), which appears to be the source of most of the historical detail, though Newton's conclusion is diametrically opposite to Molyneux's.]

[6]

Summary history of English rule in Ireland since its conquest by Henry II in November 1172. The English legal system was introduced under King John. The origin of the Irish Parliament is disputed, but in any case it derives its authority from the English and so is subordinate to it: acts passed in England are of force in Ireland whether ratified by the Irish Parliament or not. Since the reign of Henry VII, the Irish Parliament has periodically attempted to overturn English legislation but has no legal right to do so, since 'it lies in the breast of an English Parliam[en]t to interpret & declare the meaning extent & force of all the Irish Laws not excepting those by wch they claim any power to them selves'.

[7] Treasury

[8]

Calendared in CSPD 1700-1702, 329 (a copy of this and numerous other documents relating to proposals for a Mint in Ireland having been sent to the Treasury by James Vernon c. May 1701).

[9]

Ireland 'is and ought to be inferior to this Kingdom, and subservient to it's interests'. Such a measure would be to the advantage of Irish and detriment of British trade, and might ultimately lead to Irish secession.

[10] Treasury

[11]

[Note on dating: replies to a letter of 28 November 1699.]

[12]

Printed in NC, 7: 413-14.

[13]

Mint can see no objection, but advise asking the opinions of the Council of Trade and Attorney General on the economic wisdom and the legality of the proposal.

On reverse: holograph list of twelve queries to be taken into consideration when deciding the matter.

[14] Treasury

[15]

Printed in NC, 4: 380-82; see also NC, 7: 422, no. 643 and Craig, NATM, 47-8. Calendared in CSPD 1700-1702, 399, from a copy dated 4 June 1701.

[16]

Uniformity of coinage between the two countries is strongly recommended, and it might be advisable to set up a temporary Mint in Ireland for eighteen months or two years to effect a recoinage. In the long term, however, it is more economical to mint Ireland's money in London, and a permanent Mint in Ireland might have adverse effects on English trade.

[17] Treasury

[18]

Calendared in CSPD 1700-1702, 400, from a copy dated 5 June 1701 (CSPD inexplicably refers to Newton as warden of the Mint: he had been master since the end of 1699).

[19]

Draft of PRO, T1/75, no. 13, dated 9 July 1701. Written in response to a proposal by Samuel Davis for supplying copper coin to the plantations: see Craig, NATM, 48.

[20]

Proposal for the London Mint to produce distinctively stamped coins.

[21] Treasurer

[22]

Printed in NC, 4: 520-1.

[23]

Copies of both letters in PRO, T14/9, pp. 257-9 (calendared in CTB, 26, part 2 (1712): 181-2). Several drafts of Newton's letter in ULC, Additional Ms. 3965, ff.281r-282v.

Newton's letter printed from the Treasury copy in Prior, Observations, 22-4, in Shaw, 176-9, and in McCulloch, Select Tracts, 269-71.

Both letters printed from this copy in NC, 5: 238-40 (Council's letter) and 245-6 (Newton's letter).

[24]

(a) 8 January 1711 [= 1712]. Dublin Privy Council to Treasury. Copy in Newton's hand. Certain foreign coins are accepted as current in Ireland, but have not been officially proclaimed as such: accordingly, people who counterfeit them cannot be prosecuted for high treason. Request a Council order to rectify this, specifying the coins and their values.

(b) On reverse: 3 March 1711/12. Newton to Treasurer. Holograph draft. Assessment of the foregoing, correcting several of the statistics quoted. Complains that gold is over-valued relative to silver in England and the same is going to happen in Ireland.

[25] Duke of Ormond

[26] Isaac Newton

[27]

Treasury's letter printed in NC, 5: 309. Another copy in PRO, T27/20, p. 214.

[28]

On reverse: holograph copy of MINT00501 (Mint 19/2/232-3).

[29]

Printed in NC, 5: 309-12. MINT00503(a) is also printed in Prior, Observations, 24-6, McCulloch, Select Tracts, 271-3, and Shaw, 179-81, but the document from which these were taken - presumably the official version of the report - seems to have gone astray (see NC, 5, 312, n.1).

[30]

(a) (Mint 19/2/242) 23 June 1712. Newton to Treasury. Holograph draft of the report ordered in MINT00502 (Mint 19/2/241), suggesting numerous adjustments to the coinage values and weights stated in MINT00501 (Mint 19/2/232-3) and some to those stated in the proclamation on circulation of foreign coin.

(b) (Mint 19/2/243) Holograph draft memorandum: 'The weight & value of forreign coins in Ireland', listing Newton's suggested figures for all the coins in question.

[31] Treasurer

[32]

Draft of Mint 1/7.69, MINT01148 (dated May 1714 and printed in NC, 6: 147); see NC, 6: 112-13 for the Treasury's order for this report, Mint 1/7.67, MINT01147 (dated 29 April).

[33]

Signed by R. Walpole, George Baillie and Charles Turner.

[34] Treasury

[35]

[The moneyers' protest is in PRO, T1/244, no. 7 (f.17).]

Printed in NC, 7: 217-18.

[36]

Argues that instead he should supply blanks to be struck in the Mint.

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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