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51.

'Out of Cudworth' (early 1680s).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: fN563Z, William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, Los Angeles, California, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00118

52.

A series of lists of authors and books on alchemy.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: M132/2/3, Stanford University Library, Stanford, California, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00099

53.

'De Scriptoribus Chemicis' (mostly late 1660s/early1670s though with later additions).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: M132/2/4, Stanford University Library, Stanford, California, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00100

54.

'To make Lucatello's Balsome': a medical recipe, efficacious against 'ye Measell Plague or Small Pox [...] & against poyson & ye biting of a mad dog'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: M132/2/5, Stanford University Library, Stanford, California, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00101

55.

'Notes out of Philalethes'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: M132/2/6, Stanford University Library, Stanford, California, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00102

56.

Comparison of the Protestant and Catholic Churches

Author: Unknown

Source: M132/2/7, Stanford University Library, Stanford, California, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00107

57.

Notes from Ramón Lull.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: M132/2/8, Stanford University Library, Stanford, California, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00103

58.

'Theatrum Astronomiæ Terrestris': copy of a treatise on the Philosophers' Stone and transmutation, with 2 astronomico-alchemical diagrams.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: M132/2/9, Stanford University Library, Stanford, California, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00104

59.

Fragmentary notes on Church history

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: M132/2/10, Stanford University Library, Stanford, California, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00108

60.

Fragmentary notes on the astrological characters of the planets and on the gods and metals associated with them, beginning missing. Not in Newton's hand.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: M132/2/12, Stanford University Library, Stanford, California, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00105

61.

Ten miscellaneous documents relating to the Mint.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MA 317, The Morgan Library & Museum, New York, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00910

62.

Pierpont Morgan Notebook

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MA 318, The Morgan Library & Museum, New York, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00001

63.

Notes on the chronology of ancient kingdoms.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MA 2536, The Morgan Library & Museum, New York, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00106

64.

Various fragmentary astronomical notes, including Edmond Halley's observations on a comet

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MA 7247, The Morgan Library & Museum, New York, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00402

65.

Six sets of notes on Newton's alchemical reading (c. late 1690s).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mellon Alchemical Mss Mellon Ms. 78, Beinecke Library, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00111

66.

Notes on the mining, preparation and properties of 'Saturn' [i.e. lead] (mid-1670s).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mellon Alchemical Mss Mellon Ms. 79, Beinecke Library, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00112

67.

Incomplete copy, in (probably) the author's hand, of a six-chapter version of William Yworth's 'Processus Mysterii Magni Philosophicus' (1702).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Mellon Alchemical Mss Mellon Ms. 80, Beinecke Library, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00135

68.

Copy of appointment of Newton as Warden of the Mint under William III (in Latin)

Author: Pigott

Source: MINT 1/5/26r, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT01105

69.

Copy of an indenture of Newton as Master and Worker of the Mint under William III

Author: Charles Cox

Source: MINT 1/5/28v-9r, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT01106

70.

Copy of an indenture of Newton as Master and Worker of the Mint under Queen Anne

Author: Wright

Source: MINT 1/5/31r, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT01107

71.

Copy of an indenture of Newton as Master and Worker of the Mint under George I

Author: Charles Cox

Source: MINT 1/5/38r, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT01108

72.

Copy of note concerning the petition of Mr Yates of the Bristol Mint

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 1/6/62r, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT01109

73.

Copy of note concerning the petition of the Provost and Fellows of the Corporation of Moneyers

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 1/6/63v, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT01110

74.

To the Parents, Guardians, and Governesses of Great Britain and Ireland

Author: Tom Telescope

Source: Tom Telescope, The Newtonian System of Philosophy Adapted to the Capacities of young Gentlemen and Ladies, and familiarized and made entertaining by Objects with which they are intimately acquainted (London: 1761).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00124

75.

Copy of letter responding to the report of the value of tools and utensils produced for the late great coinage

Author: William Lowndes Secretary to the Treasury

Source: MINT 1/6/64r, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT01112

[1]

Described in McGuire and Rattansi, 'Pipes of Pan'.

[2]

Notes from [Ralph] Cudworth, True Intellectual System of the Universe (London, 1678) and short excerpts from Hyginus, etc. The notes from Cudworth (in order) are from pp. 13, 12, 14, 16 17, 9, 17, 23, 23, 38, 120, 121, 124, 128, 129, 129, 211, 212, 215, 216, 222, 223, 238, 248, 248, 249, 249, 250, 251, 252, , 297, 296, 297, 299, 299, 299, 300, 547, 547, 313, 311, 312, 312, 313, 313, 314, 313, 314, 315, 315, 316, 317, 319, 321, 340, 328, 330, 413, 414, 353, 354, 371, 381, 396, 397, 401, 403, 406, 407, 551, 417, 425, 426, 462, 463, 464, 465, 455, 456, 458, 388, 553, 461, 462, 462, 463, 464, 465, 483, 479-83, 465, 466, 467, 468, 529, 538, 531, 530, 538, 539, 547, 547, 548, 549, 550, 552, 593, 593.

[3] 4 pp.

[4]

Described in the Sotheby catalogue as 8 pp. enclosed in a folded sheet used for geometrical diagrams: the wrapper accounts for 4 pp. of which one blank.

[5]

See Figala et al., 'De Scriptoribus'.

[6]

Includes (p. 7) a list of 27 items headed: 'Desiderantur opera Lullij sequentia'.

[7] 12 pp. of which one blank.

[8]

Annotated transcript (pp. 163-179) and extensive discussion, including arguments for dating, in Figala et al., 'De Scriptoribus'. Cf. Stanford Ms. M132/2/3 and Keynes Ms. 13.

[9]

An (al)chemical bibliography containing titles and particulars of 90 works (six of which are evidently later additions by Newton to his original list), for the most part printed but some in manuscript.

[10] 5 pp.

[11] 1 p.

[12]

in English

[13]

Notes on the preparation of mercury for fusion with gold, on the nature of the Philosophers' Stone, and exposition of alchemical symbolic language, with page references to various sections of Ripley Reviv'd [1678: H1407].

[14] 3 pp. on 2 ff.

[15]

in English

[16]

Excerpts from a purported discussion of the relative merits and claims to authority of the Protestant and Roman Catholic Churches. In fact, the document is a pro-Protestant polemic. Divided under chapter headings but by no means (as the Sotheby catalogue suggests it is) a complete treatise in its own right. A one-page interleaved fragment, consisting of one sentence on organising Mint payments to moneyers and some jottings on 10th-century history, is completely unrelated, unmentioned in the Sotheby catalogue, and probably included only by accident.

[17] 16 pp. plus an interleaved fragment.

[18]

in English

[19]

See H995-6 and 998.

[20]

First page headed: 'Ex Raymundi \libro secretorum/, seu de Quintessentijs', followed by an incomplete set of notes on the separation of elements. p. 13 does not follow from p. 12 and is not mentioned in the Sotheby catalogue: presumably it was added to the lot later. It contains a paragraph of notes (beginning missing) and the beginning of an alchemical recipe, headed 'Ex Raymundi Lulli Libro Mercuriorum', which breaks off in mid-sentence.

[21] 13 pp.

[22]

in Latin

[23] 4 pp.

[24]

English introduction and Latin text

[25]

Primarily concerned with the imposition of clerical celibacy.

[26]

Some text lost through staining and chipping around the margins.

[27] 2 pp.

[28]

in English

[29] 2 pp.

[30]

in English

[31]

(1) Holograph draft: 'A Scheme of a Commission for prosecuting Counterfeiters and Diminishers of the current coyn'. c. 600 words, 2 pp. Printed in D.E. Smith, 'Two unpublished documents of Sir Isaac Newton', 31-34

(2) [Late December 1695.] Signed holograph draft: 'An Accompt of all the gold and silver monies coyned by the Mill & Press', covering the period March 1693-December 1695. 1 p.

(3) [1696?] Holograph draft specifications for verifying legal tender and recoining counterfeit money, presumably related to the recoinage of 1696-8 and probably to the earlier part of it when such issues were most debated. c. 300 words, 1 p.

(4) [May 1701.] Newton [to Treasury?]. Holograph draft: 'The course of Exchange between London and Paris taken weekly'. Covering letter for a table of these statistics for the period 24 Sept. 1700 to 9 May 1701 (the table is not present), and the fragmentary beginnings of a table showing the same information for rates between London and Paris, Amsterdam and Madrid. c. 200 words, 2 pp.

(5) [1700?] Holograph critique of 'Mr Polixfins [i.e. John Pollexfen's] discourse about Paper-credit', untitled. c. 2,000 words, 7 pp. Another copy at MINT00261 (Mint 19/2/608-11), q.v. for a more detailed account of the contents.

(6) [Early 1697.] Holograph copy: 'An Account of the Mint & its Officers delivered to the Honble Committee of ye House of Commons for inspecting ye same'. c. 1,000 words, 3 pp. Another copy at MINT00020 (Mint 19/1/2-3).

(7) [1701.] Holograph copy: 'Observations on Mr. P[ollexfen]'s Reply'. c. 5,000 words, 15 pp. Numerous drafts of the three chapters of this at MINT00263-MINT00269 (Mint 19/2/612-23, 631-42) q.v. for a more detailed account.

(8) Holograph table: 'Silver monies coyned' for the period 31 December 1689 to 30 September 1695. 1 p.

(9) Holograph table: 'Gold monies coyned in The Tower' over the same period. 1 p.

(10) [1696-9.] Clerical hand, signed by Newton. Fragmentary vellum document. Summons to John Deacon to answer charges of counterfeiting.

[32]

Described and partially published (as far as the conjuring tricks), with selected facsimiles of the later pages, in D.E. Smith, 'Two Unpublished Documents of Isaac Newton', 16-31. One very brief shorthand entry ('A remedy for a Ague') is deciphered in Westfall, 'Short Writing', 13. The word-lists are based on Francis Gregory's school text-book Nomenclatura brevis anglo-Latinis (1654), though with some interesting and (debatably) suggestive additions and variants: see Manuel, Portrait, 11-12, 27, 30, 34, 37, 69-70, 397-8.

[33]

Pocket memorandum notebook covering the end of Newton's schooldays and the beginning of his university career.

On the first leaf (in Newton's hand): 'Isacus Newton hunc librum possidet teste Edwardo Secker pret: 2d ob. 1659'. Contains technical advice on drawing, various medical recipes, instructions for performing conjuring tricks, astronomical charts, accounts of Copernican astronomy and 'Drebles Motion' [i.e. the supposed perpetual motion machine of Cornelius Drebbel], mathematical exercises, notes on universal character, and several lists of words, under assorted subject headings, beginning with the same letter.

One of four notebooks, with those in Trinity College Library, Cambridge University Library and the Fitzwilliam Museum, which supply the main source of evidence about Newton's interests and activities during his early years at Cambridge.

[34] 58ff.

[35]

in English

[36]

Written in the blank spaces in a letter to Newton from Marcus Tollet, 21 October 1706, asking him to present a boy to the Newchapel Free School.

[37] 3 pp.

[38]

in English

[39]

Written in the blank spaces of a letter.

[40] 2 pp on 1 f.

[41]

in Latin with a few words of English

[42]

Many pages of Ms. 78.6 printed in facsimile and transcript with further details in MacPhail, Alchemy and the Occult, 2: 470-78.

[43]

Ms. 78.1

Extracts from Lull's 'Theorica' [the first part of his Testamentum] on the three principles of reduction, with notes on the extraction of gold starting at the other end of the page, 1 f. Written on the cover slip of a letter addressed 'ffor Mr Issiac Nuton mathematik Profesoor in Trenity colidg cambridg'; remains of the original wax seal carry the initials 'IW'.

Ms. 78.2

Single page with a list of thirty alchemical operations, in Latin, beginning:

'Opus 1. Vvarum præparatio \prima/ manuaalis [sic]

Opus 2 Fermentatio & putrefactio

3 Extractio et rectificatio spiritus'

Ms. 78.3

Paper bifolium with forty-five brief headings from Lull, Aristotle and others, referring to alchemical operations, in Latin, on same paper as Ms. 78.6. (c. early 1690s).

Ms. 78.4

Four leaves with a list of operations similar to those in Ms. 78.3. On f. 4v there is a reference to 'Centrum naturæ concentratum. Or ye salt of Nature regenerated. ffor ye most part improperly called ye Phers stone. Written in Arabic by Aliphi a Mauritanian born of Asiatick parents. Published in Low Dutch 1694 & now done in English 1696. Price bound 1s. Printed for Iohn Harris at the Harrow in little Brittain' (H25).

Ms. 78.5

Paper bifolium with notes from Bloomfield, Flammel, 'Philalethes' and Ripley's Medulla Alchimiæ on the 'Rod of Mercury', in English and Latin, 11 pp. f. 1r is headed 'De Virga [Mercurii]', with remarks in English from Bloomfield, Flammel, and 'Ayrenæus' [i.e. 'Eirenæus Philalethes']. Followed by five queries: 'What Lute for distilling O. Vitr.'; 'Whether ye Spt. in ye first degestion stink, & how soon, & with what odor'; 'How he contrives his Lamp', etc.

Ms. 78.6

Paper bifolium cut to the same size as Ms. 78.3 containing a series of 'Observationes' beginning with 'Prima operatio est in mineris vivis, secunda in [mercurio] et metallis imperfectis'.

[44]

Independently dated to mid-1670s by Dobbs (Alchemy and the Occult (1977 edition), 4: 479) and Shapiro ('Dating Game', 195). Only the 1680 edition of the Sceptical Chymist is known to have been in Newton's library (H270), but the work first appeared in 1661.

[45]

Printed in facsimile and transcript in MacPhail, Alchemy and the Occult, 2: 479-83. More Bloomfield in Keynes Ms. 15. See H1034, 1718, 20, 270, 93.

[46]

Begins with excerpts from 'Philalethes'' The Marrow of Alchemy (1654: H1034), book 3, p. 1: 'Saturn though vile & base to see, is of oe secrets all ye ground. In [Saturn] is hid an immortal soul. Untie its fetters wch do it forbid to sight for to appear then shal arise a vapour shining like pearl orient. To Saturn Mars [i.e. iron] wth bonds of love is tied who is by him devourd of mighty force whose spirit divides saturns body & from both combined flow a wondrous bright water in wch ye Sun [i.e. gold] doth set & loos its light.' Further notes on lead from Webster's Metallographia: or, An History of Metals (1671: H1718), Georg Agricola's De Re Metallica (1621: H20), Boyle's Sceptical Chymist, Norton's 'Ordinall of Alchemy' [in Ashmole's Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum (1652: H93), 1-106], and Bloomfield's 'Compendiary of Alchemy'.

[47] 8 pp.

[48]

mainly in English

[49]

This is the only known instance of this author calling himself 'Yarworth': in all his other printed or manuscript material he appears as 'Yworth', 'Y-worth' or 'Y.worth'. This has often been taken as an abbrevation of 'Yarworth', but Figala and Petzold suggest ('Alchemy in the Newtonian circle', 181-2) that it may rather be an anglicisation of a Dutch form such as Ijvaert, as the author was by his own account Dutch by birth.

[50]

Cf. Keynes Mss. 65, 66 and 91, and Hampshire Record Office Ms. NC17. On Yworth generally and his association with Newton, see Figala and Petzold, 'Alchemy in the Newtonian circle', esp. p. 187 for this manuscript. See also 'McPhail, Alchemy and the Occult, 4: 484-6, where the manuscript is incorrectly identified as SL116 (which is in fact Hampshire Record Office Ms. NC17: Figala and Petzold are also mistaken in describing the whereabouts of SL116 as unknown (pp. 180, n. 25 and 187, n. 60)).

[51]

Prefaced by 'A short Epistle to my Children'. Dated 1702 on f. 6r, and signed 'Wiliam Yarworth V.D.' on ff. 7r and 9v.

[52] 91 pp.

[53]

in English

[54]

Excerpts printed in NC, 4: 200-1, alongside an English translation.

[55]

Excerpts printed in NC, 4: 321-2.

[56]

Another clerical copy of the same date with notations by Newton in Mint 19/1/80, MINT00051.

[57]

Signed by the Mint Board.

[58]

Signed by the Mint Board.

[59] The Newtonian System ... familiarized (1761) Advertisement [The Newtonian System ... familiarized (1761)]

[60]

Printed in NC, 4: 312-3, which incorrectly gives the page reference as 65. The report of the Officers of the Mint, MINT01111, is copied above, and printed in NC, 4: 312.

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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