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151.

Treasury warrant to master and comptroller to give Thomas Anderson charge of the engineer's office and the tools and machinery in it.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/204, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00011

152.

List of wardens, masters, comptrollers and other officers 1603-1692.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/83, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00012

153.

'A Copy of a Deputation of the Warden Master Controller'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/69-70, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00013

154.

Royal warrant allocating the division of 14d. poundage between the Mint officers and moneyers, and fixing the formers' salaries.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/77-8, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00014

155.

Treasury certificate that Newton has taken an oath not to reveal the new method of rounding and edging coin.

Author: William Lowndes Secretary to the Treasury

Source: MINT 19/1/62, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00015

156.

'The State of the Mint'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/8-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00016

157.

Petition to Treasury: 'The humble Memoriall of Ionathan Ambrose Melter to his Majties Mint in the Tower'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/198-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00017

158.

Response to MINT00017 (I.198-9).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/194, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00018

159.

Another clerical copy of MINT00018 (I.194).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/195, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00019

160.

'An Account of the Mint in the Tower of London'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/2-3, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00020

161.

Further holograph draft of MINT00020 (I.2-3).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/6-7, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00021

162.

'The state of the Mint & Coynage according to the best of my knowledge'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/4-5, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00022

163.

Order to Mint to seize all [former engraver] James Roettier's puncheons, dies and presses.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/150, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00023

164.

Response to the tender of Peter Floyer and Charles Shales for melting down hammered silver coin and converting it into standard silver: their proposed fee is excessive and they should be beaten down.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/197, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00024

165.

Partial holograph draft of MINT00024 (I.197).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/565, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00025

166.

Petition for a salary increase

Author: Daniel Brattell Assay master

Source: MINT 19/1/104, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00026

167.

Referral of MINT00026 (I.104), in the same clerical hand.

Author: Treasury

Source: MINT 19/1/105, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00027

168.

Royal warrant of 3 July 1669 appointing the brothers John, Joseph and Philip Roettier (Rotier) engravers for life, specifying their duties and salaries and conferring a monopoly on engraving Mint coin.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/137-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00028

169.

Petition for a pay increase.

Author: Eight clerks

Source: MINT 19/2/498, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00029

170.

Response to the clerks' petition for a pay increase [presumably MINT00029 (II.498)].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/499, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00030

171.

Variant holograph draft of MINT00030 (II.499), much less strongly worded and less specific in its recommendation.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/474, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00031

172.

Laudatory account of the services of the late comptroller James Hoare during the recoinage.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/478-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00032

173.

Holograph memorandum on engraver [Henry] Harris's complete incompetence: 'Mr Harris cannot emboss nor punch, nor draw'. He has employed John Croker to do all this for him, and moreover has failed to remunerate Croker as promised.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/174, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00033

174.

Receipt for weighing machines and trial pieces.

Author: John Stanley

Source: MINT 19/1/283, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00034

175.

Holograph copy of the master's oath, with draft certificate in Latin that Newton took it in 1700.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/68, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00035

[1]

Form for appointment of deputies to members of the Mint Board, with blanks for insertion of specific names and posts.

[2]

Another clerical copy of the same date in PRO, Mint 1/6, p. 15.

[3]

[The oath itself, taken by Newton on the same date, is in T.1/37.53, MINT00921 (printed in NC, 4: 201-2).]

[4] Treasury

[5]

Printed in NC, 4: 207-9.

[6]

Summary account of the official roles of the various Mint officers. Recently, the master has abrogated to himself much of the authority of the comptroller and (especially) the warden. Recommends 'restoring the ancient constitution'.

[7]

[Note on dating: MINT00018 (I.194) states that this petition was referred to the Mint on 4 August 1696; in the petition itself Ambrose refers to silver plate he has melted since 4 May.]

[8]

Pleads that he is being expected to melt silver plate on the same terms as he had agreed for melting clipped coin, but the operation is three times as costly: he is losing money and requests a higher fee.

[9] Treasury

[10]

Signed by Newton and [master] Thomas Neale, dated by Neale.

[11]

Another copy in PRO, T1/41, no. 48 (printed in NC, 4: 216-17).

[12]

Suggest that Ambrose's prices are far too high, and that the old practice should be resumed of letting the master employ melters on his own terms, which will be much more favourable. What Ambrose should be paid for the plate he has already melted they leave to the Treasury's discretion. Further request clarification of the legislation concerning moneyers' fees. At the start of the recoinage, a discretionary extra penny per pound weight of coin was promised to the moneyers contingent on Mint approval of the quality of their work: this is now being claimed by them as of right.

[13]

Reproduced almost verbatim in the report of the Committee for Miscarriages of the Mint, 8 April 1697 (PRO, Mint 2/11), reprinted in Ruding, Annals of the Coinage, 2: 465 [See Challis, History, 358 for an account of this committee and its enthusiastic reception of Newton's report.] This version printed in NC, 4: 233-6. Another copy in Pierpont Morgan Library, Acc. No. MA317(6).

[14]

Sets out the titles and duties of the various Mint officers.

[15]

Variant draft of MINT00020 (I.2-3), with further details of salaries, expenses, equipment and financial arrangements.

[16] Treasury

[17]

Draft of T. 1/43.53, MINT00927, which is signed by Newton and [master's assistant] Thomas Hall (printed in NC, 4: 236-7). The (undated) tender in question is in PRO, T. 1/42.16.

[18] Treasury

[19] Mint

[20] Treasury

[21]

[Note on dating: this is presumably the document referred to in MINT00030 (II.499), which mentions the clerks' petition having been referred by the Treasury on 6 October 1698.]

[22] Treasury

[23]

[This recommendation, and similar ones of 1702, 1705 and 1718, were all overruled by the Treasury: see Craig, NATM, 114.]

[24]

Strongly recommending rises of between £10 and £20 p.a. (ie. 50%) as their current salaries are not enough to live on, despite 'there being to our certain knowledge, great diligence & care requird of them, & no manner of proffitts or perquisites besides the bare salaries'.

[25] Treasury

[26]

Signed by the Mint Board (but Neale's signature has been struck out).

[27]

Printed in NC, 4: 309.

[28]

Written in response to a petition from Hoare's daughter [who was presumably hoping for an annuity or other reward on the strength of her father's services].

[29]

Printed in NC, 4: 350-52.

[30] Isaac Newton

[31]

Sent upon Stanley's succeeding Newton as warden.

[32]

Followed by a memorandum in Newton's hand on the fineness of the trial pieces.

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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