Catalogue Entry: THEM00058

Drafts on the history of the Church

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 15, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Custodial History

SL249 was bought in its entirety (c. 200,000 words, c. 850 pp.) at the Sotheby sale by Gabriel Wells for £120, and subsequently split up and sold separately. On one loose sheet is written 'Lot 249 $2500', but the context of this is unclear. What is now Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 15 consists of a series of drafts of the Bodmer Ms., which was originally part of the same lot (possibly along with what is now Babson Ms. 438).

Sotheby Lot

part of SL249

Contents

Very rough, heavily corrected drafts: a few sections form complete and self-contained units but most are just fragments. The titles scattered through the Ms. do not in all cases seem to relate to the text that follows them, but do give a general idea of the overall content and the scheme Newton was working towards.

A number of sheets had previously been used for material concerning Newton's activities at the Mint and in the Royal Society. The text on f. 124r is written around some jottings about payments (probably Mint-related) made in 1708-9. ff. 132r-133r have a draft letter of c. 1710 relating to the renewal of Queen Anne's contract with Cornish tin producers (cf. the section 'Tin Trade' in the Mint catalogue). f. 165r has a draft letter of c. 2 Feb. 1711 concerning Robert Ball's tender to handle the Queen's tin (cf. Mint Catalogue MINT00714 (III.556)), f. 181v has a list of Fellows of the Royal Society, and f. 182 has the draft of a formula for calculating coinage duty (cf. Mint Catalogue MINT00291 (III.444)).

Folio numbers are consecutive through subsections.

Ms. 15.1

Begins in the middle of a chapter on alterations made to the accepted faith and Creed by various Church Councils.

f. 23r 'Of the Prince of the host or Messiah the Prince & of his host composed of Iews and Gentiles & united by charity': heavily amended title which previously read 'Of the Messiah, and the calling of the Gentiles', and before that 'Of the Christian religion and the difference between the Christians of the circumcision & uncircumcision'

Ms. 15.2

f. 35r 'Chap. IX Of the Corruption of the Christian religion in discipline and morality.'

f. 36r 'Chap. 5 [altered from '4'] '

'Chap. XIV Of the Host of Heaven & the corruptions which crept into it.'

At the end of this section, between ff. 44 and 45, are the printed title page and first three pages of 'Proposals for Printing by Subscription the Critical History of Manes, and of Manicheism', translated from the French of 'Mr. de Beausobre' by Rev. George Stephenson Tacheron.

Ms. 15.3

f. 45r Another draft (beginning missing) of material on the corruptions introduced by Church Councils (cf. the beginning of Ms. 15.1).

f. 55r 'Chap. / The Original of Popery.'

f. 57r 'Chap. 1 Of the Church of God & of her Laws and Sanctuary Government & Worship.'

f. 59r 'Chap. XI Of the sanctuary of strength

Of the holy covenant'

'Chap. / Of the rise of the Roman Catholick Religion.'

f. 62r 'Chap. / Of the Roman catholick religion'

f. 63v 'Chap / Of the rule of faith & Schism of the Christian Roman Empire.'

f. 65v 'Chap. / Of the revelation of the Man of Sin.'

Ms. 15.4

f. 67r Part of an untitled chapter on the rise of Rome and corruption of the original faith.

Ms. 15.5

f. 77r Untitled historical accout of various doctrines of the natures of the Father and Son.

f. 91r 'Chap 2/ Of the Christian religion & the difference between the Churches of the circumcision & uncircumcision.'

f. 92r 'Chap. 3./ Of the faith wch was once delivered to the Saints'

Ms. 15.6

f. 100r Another untitled draft on corruptions introduced by Councils.

Ms. 15.7

f. 104r 'A further account of the Host of heaven & of the corruptions wch crept into it.' Note in Thomas Pellet's hand: 'No: 9'.

f. 124r 'Chap XVI Of the contest between the host of heaven and the transgressors of the holy covenant' [this heading not in Newton's hand].

f. 126v 'Of the host of heaven'

f. 130r 'Chap/ Of the faith unity & universality of the Primitive Church' [no text follows this heading].

'Chap/ Of the breaking of the primitive Church into parties & the rise of Popery' [following text written around drafts on ff. 132r-3v, partly in another hand, relating to Queen Anne's contract with Cornish tin mine owners: see the section 'Tin Trade' in the Mint catalogue].

f. 139v 'Chap./ Of the working of the mystery of Iniquity'

ff. 142r-193v Miscellaneous, mostly very rough and fragmentary drafts of various parts of the foregoing, in no discernible order, interspersed with draft letters and other material relating to Mint business.

[1] Athanas. Epist. ad Antiochenos.

[2] Sozomen. l. 3. c. 12

[3] Tom. 2. p. 1278.

[4] Hilar. de Synod.

[5] Basil. Epist. 300

[6] Hilar. de Synodis p. 381. Edit. Paris. 1652.

[7] a Socr. l. 1. c. 5

[8] b Euseb. Hist. Eccles.

[9] Socr. Hist. l. 1. c. 6.

[10] 1 Tim. 1.13.

[11] Greg. Naz. Orat. 21. p. 394, 395.

[12] Hieron. adv. Lucif. t. 1.

[13] Ammian. l. 27.

[14] Siricij Epist. in Tomis Concil.

[15] Ambros Epist. 78.

[16] Sulp. in vita Martini.

[17] Socr. Hist l. 5. c. 22.

[18] Athanas. Epist. ad Antiochenos.

[19] Sozom. l. 3. c. 12.

[20] Epist. Antioch.

[21] Vide Epistola Iulij

[22] Extat Epistola in Tom. Concil

[23] Socr. Hist. Ecc. l. 4. c. 12.

[24] Nicet. in Thesauro Orthod. v. 8.

[25] Apud Theodor. Eccl. Hist. l. 4. c. 8.

[26] a Epist. 2. ad Serapionem, sec 5

[27] a Epist. 2 ad Serapionem sect. 5, 6

[28] b lib. de Synodis sect 48.

[29] c Ib. sect 41

[30] a Epist. 2 ad Serapionem sect. 5, 6

[31] d De decretis Nicænæ synodi sect 20.

[32] e Ib. sect 25

[33] a In Anchorato N. 6

[34] b Hæres 69

[35] c Hæres 74

[36] d Ad Terentium Comitem.

[37] e In opusculo de homousio, & lib. 2 adv. Arium.

[38] Epist 325

[39] Epist 345

[40] a Vide ejus Epist. 85 ad Sororem.

[41] b Serm 91.

[42] a Baron. ad A.C. 367. sect. 19.

[43] Serm. 92

[44] Socr. Hist. Eccl. l. 2. c. 29

[45] Hilar. de Synodis p. 374

[46] Vide Tom. 1 p. 99. Operuum Athan. Edit Paris. 1699.

[47] Lucif. lib. Moriend. pro Dei filio.

[48] Extat Epistola apud Athanasium

[49] Athan. Apol. 1 pag.

[50] The Principles of Manicheism.

[51] The first Principle. Manes called himself The Apostle of Jesus Christ.

[52] The Second Principle. He rejects the Old Testament and pretends to correct the New Testament.

[53] The Third Principle. He admits the Books of the Philosophers, and makes more Account of the Knowledge of the Eastern Nations, than of that of the Hebrews.

[54] The Fourth Principle. He opposes Apocryphal Books to the Books acknowledged by the Church.

[55] 1.Cor. II.15.

[56] The Subject-matter and Plan of this Book, and of the Second.

[57] Apud Theod l. 2. c. 8.

[58] Socr. Eccles. Hist. l. 1 . c. 8. Sozom. l. 1. c. 12

[59] Theodorit. Eccl. Hist. l. 1. c. 4.

[60] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[61] In Hom. de expositione symboli

[62] Serm. 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62.

[63] Agustin de fide et symbolo Tom 3 fol. 30. Et de Symbolo ad Catechumenos lib 1. Tom. 9. fol. 227.

[63] Agustin de fide et symbolo Tom 3 fol. 30. Et de Symbolo ad Catechumenos lib 1. Tom. 9. fol. 227.

[64] Theod. l. 2. c. 22

[65] Theod. l. 4. c. 9

[66] Socr. l. 3. c. 7 Sozom. l.      

[67] Epiphan Her. 26.

[68] Iren. l. 3. c 11. & l. 1. c. 25.

[69] Iren l. 1. c. 34.

[70] Iren. l. 3. c. 4.

[71] Epiphan Hæres. 30 sect. 3.

[72] Epiphan Hæres. 30 sect 3

[73] Ib. sect. 14 & 16.

[74] Epiphan. Hæres 42. {Definit} 24.

[75] b Tavernier

[76] Extat Epistola in Tomis Conciliorum.

[77] a Irenæus l. 1. {illeg} Tertullian ad {Iu}dæos p: 212

[78] Socr. l 1.c.23. Sozom. l. 2. c. {illeg}

[79] b Sozom. l. 2. c. 21

[80] Socr. l.2.c.10

[81] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[82] Heges. Euseb. Hist. l. 3. c. 32. et l. 2. c. 22

[83] Euseb. Hist l. 4. c. 22.

[84] Epiphan Hæres. 51. sec. 33.

[85] a Basnag. ad A.D. 200. sect. 3.

[86] b Ierome Epist. 68 c. 9

[87] Hist. l. 7 c.16

[88] Hist. l 5 c. 19

[89] Cyp. Epist. 74

[90] Epist 73.

[91] Cypr. Epist. 71

[92] these

[93] Basnage an. 256 sec. 4, 5 6, 7, 8.

[94] Epist. 68 adv. Lucif.

[95] Vide Basnag. Annal. ad an. 256 sect 8

[96] Ad an. 256. sect 11, 12.

[97] Epist 68 adv. Luciferos

[98] Act 21.21 Act 61.3 Gal. 5.3

[99] 1 Cor. 7.18.

[100] Act 21.21, 24, 25

[101] Gal. 5.1, 2

[102] Rom. 4.14

[103] Gal. 2.16.

[104] Act 15.24, 28 & 21.25

[105] 1 Tim. 1.4

[106] Tit. 1.10

[107] Tit. 3.9.

[108] Colos. 2.8

[109] 1 Tim. 6.20.

[110] advers. Prax. p. 316.

[111] Luke 24.

[112] Mat. 28.

[113] Luk. 24

[114] Iren{illeg}

[115] Epiphan H{æres.} 20.

[116] Iren. l. 3. c. 11. & l. 1. c. 25.

[117] b Iren l. 1. c 20. Epiphan Hæres. 25 &27.

[118] l. 1. c. 27.

[119] a Epiphan Hæres. 28 sect. 1. & 27. Iren: l. 1. c. 24.

[120] a l. 3. c. 11

[121] b l 1. c. 20. Epiphan

[122] Iren. l. 1. c 22

[123] Iren l. 1. c. 23.

[124] Iren l. 1. c. 1

[125] Hæres. 30. sect. 3.

[126] ib. sect. 14 & 16.

[127] Iren. l. 1. c.    

[128] Iren l. 4. c. 1.

[129] Iren l. 4. c. 59

[130] Ephiphan. Hær. 30, sect. 17.

[131] Epist. 71, 73

[132] Cyprian Epist {74}

[133] Tertull. adv. Prax initio.

[134] lib. 4.sect 6.

[135] sect. 8.

[136] sect. 29

[137] Vide Epist. Alexandri ad Alexandrum Episcopum Bizantij

[138] Eph. 4.4, 5

[139] a Ruffin in Symb. inter opera Hieronymi Tom 12.

[140] Theodoret. Eccl. Hist. l. 1. c. 4

[141] Epist 76

[142] Ambr. Epist. 81

[143] adv. Valentinianos p.

[144] Apoc {1}.

[145] In libro de fide et symbolo. Tom 3. fol. 30.

[146] a Epist 59 ad Marti 73 ad Leon. Aug. Aug. et Serm 10 in Solennitate Nativitatis Domini.

[147] b Gelasius ad Euphemianum, & in Synodo 70 Episcoporum.

[148] c Li 1 Epist 24 Li. 2 Epist. 10. Li. 3 Epist 4. Li 7 Epist 12.

[149] d [Martinus 1] in Synodo Lateranensi sect 5.

[150] [a Marcellus apud Euseb. cont. Marcel. l. 1 c. 4.]

[151] p. 655

[152] f Iren. l. 1. c. 10

[153] g Iren. l. 1. c. 6.

[154] h Iren. l. 2. c. 18.

[155] k Iren. l. 2. c. 18, 48, 49.

[156] l. Euseb. cont. Marcel. l. 2. c. 9.

[157] m Orat

[158] Epist ad Magnes.

[159] Iren. L. 2. c 14, 15, 16, 47, 48, 49.

[160] L. 1.c 20 & Præf L. 3.

[161] o Epist. apud Athanas. Apol. 2

[162] l. 2. sect 58.

[163] p. 33

[164] p. 34

[165] 35

[166] Epist. 10.

[167] 1 Tim. 4

[168] e Euseb. Hist. l. 5 c. ult.

[169] p. 267

[170] a Pars 3 p 151, 152

[171] p. 232.

[172] Part 4. p. 232

[173] f Iren l. 1. c. c. 10.

[174] g ib. l. 1. c. 6.

[175] a

[176] h cont. Marcell. l. 2. c. 9

[177] a De Hæres.

[178] a De Hæres.

[179] Περὶ Κοσμοπ. p. 3.

[180] a Baron an. 381. sect. 41.

[181] Apud Holstenium

[182] Epist 4 apud Holsten.

[183] Epist 5

[184] Epist 10 apud Holsten.

[185] p. 97, 98

[186] a See Basnag Annal. A.C. 579. sect. 6, 7.

[187] a Apud Gratianum de Mediolanensi et Aquileiensi Episcopis.

[188] Ambros. l. 3 de sacramentis c. 1

[189] ✝ De Regno Italiæ lib. 9.

[190] c. 15

[191] Epistola

[192] a Apollonius in Argonaut. l. 1. v. 101.

[193] b Plutarch in Theseo.

[194] f Athanas. Epist. ad Monachos prope medium.

[195] f Athanas. Epist. ad Monachos prope medium.

[196] g Socr. l. 1. c. 23. Sozom. l. 2. c. 18, 21.

[197] h Socr. ib. Sozom l. 2. c. 18

[198] i Vide Epist. Concil. Serdic. apud Theodoritum l.

[199] Greg. Naz. Orat. 21.

[200] Hilar. de Synodis p. 382

[201] p. 381.

[202] Hæres. 47 sect. 1.

[203] c. Ammian l. 31.

[204] Gr Naz. Orat 21

[205] Hæres 65. sect. 8 & Hæres 76 sec. 7

[206] a Ουκ ἅρπαγμον ἡγήσατο idem hic significat quod ὀυκ ἥρπασε non rapuit.

[207] b Ισα cum dativo sequente semper est adverbium similitudinis, ut in his expemplis. Ισα – – – – – flectat. Nam totius hic locus ad humanam Christi naturam spectat.

[208] b Ισα cum dativo sequente semper est adverbium similitudinis, ut in his expemplis. Ισα – – – – – flectat. Nam totius hic locus ad humanam Christi naturam spectat.

[209] a Ουκ ἅρπαγμον ἡγήσατο idem hic significat quod ὀυκ ἥρπασε non rapuit.

[210] a Ουκ ἅρπαγμον ἡγήσατο idem hic significat quod ὀυκ ἥρπασε non rapuit.

[211] b Ισα cum dativo sequente semper est adverbium similitudinis, ut in his expemplis. Ισα – – – – – flectat. Nam totius hic locus ad humanam Christi naturam spectat.

[212] c Μορφὴ θεου & μορφὴ δούλου are opposed to one another, & ἑαυτὸν ἐκένοσε relates to the μορφὴ θεου which he laid aside when he took on him the μορφὴ δούλου.

© 2017 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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