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 1 Table To the most Honourable Robert Earle of Oxford and Mortimer Lord High Treasurer of Great Britain. 2 Table Showing the True value per Graine drop ounce pound or Stone weight of Gold bullion of any fineness at 48 pounds Scots per Ounce Carat fine Shewing what weight of Gold standard fine, One is to have per Graine, drop, Ounce, Pond, or Stone weight of Gold of any fineness: In which to prevent the trouble of different Denominations, every Graine is divided into 624 parts. This Table Calculated for the Mint-house of Scotland (before the Union) is humbly Dedicated by Author George Brown Presbyter. £ Scots per Grain Weight £ Scots per Drop Weight £ Scots per Ounce Weight £ Scot per pound weight £ Scots per Stone weight Directions and Instructions Shewing by Examples how to use the Tables Weight per Grain Weight per Drop Weight per Ounce Weight per Pound Weight per Stone At 48£ Scots per Ounce 22 Carat fine what will 45 pound weight of 17 Carat and 9 Graines fineness come to? gr: pts dr: gr: pts: ℥ dr: gr: pts lib ℥ dr: gr: pts St: lib ℥ dr: gr: pts Grains fine 1 ∟00031565 ∟01136363 ∟181818 2∟909090 46∟545454 In the first Table under per pound weight and against 17 Carat fine Grains Fine 1 1 36 2 40 34 240 15 18 144 2 ∟00063131 ∟02272727 ∟363636 5∟818181 93∟090909 you find in the common Area 593∟4549 2 2 72 4 96 1 33 216 1 15 1 24 3 ∟00094696 ∟03409090 ∟545454 8∟727272 139∟636363 Item in the same Columne against 9 Graines fine you have 26∟1818 3 3 108 6 144 2 32 192 2 14 19 168 4 ∟00126262 ∟04545454 ∟727272 11∟636363 186∟181818 The sum of both which is the price of one pound weight of that 619∟6363 4 4 144 8 192 3 31 168 3 14 2 48 5 ∟00157828 ∟05681818 ∟909090 14∟545454 232∟727272 fineness viz 619 pounds 12 shillings 8 pence Scots and a very small fraction: 45 5 5 180 10 240 4 30 144 4 13 20 192 6 ∟00189393 ∟06818181 1∟090909 17∟454545 279∟272727 And this multiplied by 45 yields 27883 pounds 12 shillings 8 pence Scots with 30981818 6 6 216 13 24 5 29 120 5 13 3 72 7 ∟00220959 ∟07954545 1∟272727 20∟363636 325∟818181 the same inconsiderable fraction of a Scots penny as before 247854545 7 7 252 15 72 6 28 96 6 12 21 216 27883∟6363 8 ∟00252525 ∟09090909 1∟454545 23∟272727 372∟363636 In the 2 Table under the title weight per pound {illeg} against { ℥: dr: gr: pts 8 8 1 24 17 120 7 27 72 7 12 4 96 9 ∟00284090 ∟10227272 1∟636363 26∟181818 418∟909090 17 Carats fine you have: And in the same table under the same 12: 5: 29: 120 9 9 1 60 19 168 8 26 48 8 11 22 240 10 ∟00315656 ∟11363636 1∟818181 29∟090909 465∟454545 title against 9 Graines fine you have 00: 8: 26: 048 10 10 1 96 21 216 9 25 24 9 11 5 120 The sum of which is the weight due of Standard fine for 12: 14: 19: 168 11 ∟00347222 ∟12499999 2∟000000 32∟000000 512∟000000 one pound weight of 17 Carats 9 Graines fine St lib ℥ Dr Gr Pts 11 11 1 132 24 10 24 10 10 24 Carat fyne per ounce 1 ∟00378787 ∟13636363 2∟181818 34∟909090 558∟545454 Now 168 parts multiplied by 45 and reduced yields 0 00 00 00 28 168 Carat fyne per ounce 1 12 1 168 26 48 11 22 240 11 10 6 144 2 ∟00757575 ∟27272727 4∟363636 69∟818181 1117∟090909 And 45 × 10 Graines yields 0 00 00 23 27 000 2 24 3 72 1 16 96 1 7 9 216 1 7 4 13 24 3 ∟01136363 ∟40909090 6∟545454 104∟727272 1675∟636363 And 45 × 14 Drops yields 0 01 07 06 00 000 3 36 4 240 2 6 144 2 2 32 192 2 2 14 19 168 Lastly 45 × 12 Ounces 2 02 12 00 00 000 4 ∟01515151 ∟54545454 8∟727272 139∟636363 2234∟181818 The sum of all which viz 2 stone 4 pounds 4 ounces 14 drops 2 04 04 14 19 168 4 48 6 144 2 32 192 2 14 19 168 2 14 8 26 48 5 ∟01893939 ∟68181818 10∟909090 174∟545454 2792∟727272 19 graines 160 parts is the true weight of Standard fine due for 45 pounds of 17 5 60 8 48 3 22 240 3 10 6 144 3 10 2 32 192 6 ∟02272727 ∟81818181 13∟090909 209∟454545 3351∟272727 Carat 9 graines fine: But to prevent the great trouble of so Laborious 6 72 9 216 4 13 24 4 5 29 120 4 5 13 3 72 7 ∟02651515 ∟95454545 15∟272727 244∟363636 3909∟818181 a work especially when the Mass consists of many different species of weight 7 84 11 120 5 3 72 5 1 16 96 5 1 7 9 216 I have contrived a third Table by which haveing once the value of the whole 8 ∟03030303 1∟09090909 17∟454545 279∟272727 4468∟363636 Mass you may find both the Standard weight and Number of pieces with 8 96 13 24 5 29 120 5 13 3 72 5 13 1 16 96 9 ∟03409090 1∟22727272 19∟636363 314∟181818 5026∟909090 the allowance of ten per Cent to the Merchant of Imployer 9 108 14 192 6 19 168 6 8 26 48 6 8 11 22 240 10 ∟03787878 1∟36363636 21∟818181 349∟090909 5585∟454545 Weight 10 120 16 96 7 9 216 7 4 13 240 7 4 5 29 120 11 ∟04166666 1∟50000000 24∟000000 384∟000000 6144∟000000 Value of the Mass Number of pieces St lib ℥ dr gr $\frac{2}{5}$pt 11 132 18 8 8 8 12 ∟04545454 1∟63636363 26∟181818 418∟909090 6702∟545454 The foresaid Mass comes to 27883∟6363 12 144 19 168 8 26 48 8 11 22 240 8 11 10 6 144 The next to which in the third Table 13 ∟04924242 1∟77272727 28∟363636 453∟818181 7261∟090909 is under £: Scots 21600∟0000 2000 1 12 2 13 156 21 72 9 16 96 9 7 9 216 9 7 4 13 24 14 ∟05303030 1∟90909090 30∟545454 488∟727272 7819∟636363 The Remainder is 6283∟6363 14 168 23 240 10 6 144 10 2 32 192 10 2 14 19 168 15 ∟05681818 2∟04545454 32∟727272 523∟636363 8378∟181818 The next to which is 5400∟000 500 0 07 00 08 15 180 24 144 10 32 192 10 14 19 168 10 14 8 26 48 16 ∟06060606 2∟18181818 34∟909090 558∟545454 8936∟727272 The Remainder is 883∟6363 16 192 26 48 11 22 240 11 10 6 144 11 10 2 32 192 The next to which is 756∟0000 70 15 12 17 ∟06439393 2∟31818181 37∟090909 593∟454545 9495∟272727 The Remainder is 127∟6363 17 204 28 216 12 13 24 12 5 29 120 12 5 13 3 72 18 ∟06818181 2∟454545 39∟272727 628∟363636 10853∟818181 The next to which is 108∟0000 10 2 4 18 216 29 120 13 3 72 13 1 16 96 13 1 7 9 216 19 ∟07296969 2∟59090909 41∟454545 663∟272727 10612∟363636 The Remainder is 19∟6363 19 228 31 24 13 29 120 13 13 3 72 13 13 1 16 96 20 ∟07575757 2∟72727272 43∟636363 698∟181818 11170∟909090 The next to which is 10∟8000 1 3 21 3 20 240 32 192 14 19 168 14 8 26 48 14 8 11 22 240 The Remainder is 8∟8363 21 ∟07954545 2∟86363636 45∟818181 733∟090909 11729∟454545 The next to which $\frac{1}{2}$ Viz. 5∟4000 0$\frac{1}{2}$ 1 28 4 21 252 34 96 15 9 216 15 4 13 24 15 4 5 29 120 22 ∟08333333 3∟00000000 48∟000000 768∟000000 12288∟000000 The Remainder is 3∟4363 22 1 1 1 1 1 23 ∟08712121 3∟13636363 50∟181818 802∟909090 12846∟545454 The next to which is $\frac{1}{4}$ viz 2∟7000 0$\frac{1}{4}$ 32 2 23 1 12 1 1 168 1 26 48 1 11 22 240 1 11 10 6 144 24 ∟09090909 3∟27272727 52∟363636 837∟818181 13405∟090909 The Remainder and Sum is ∟7363 2581$\frac{3}{4}$ 2 4 04 14 10 $\frac{4}{5}$ 24 1 24 1 3 72 1 1 16 96 1 1 7 9 216 1 1 7 4 13 24 3 A TABLE for Gold Which supposing Proof by the 4th Table thus £ 4 TABLE for Gold Showing the true Value of any Number of Graines Drops, Ounces, Pounds, or Stones, of Standard fineness. 2 Stone is 24576 4 pounds is worth 3072 4 ounces is worth 192 14 drops is worth 30 + 12. 15 42 10 grains is worth 0∟8333 N £ Scots Unites Tens Hundreds Thousands X Thou: C Thou: $\frac{4}{5}$ grains is worth ∟0666 N Grains Dr ℥ lib Stones And the Ballance is ∟7363 ℥ dr: gr: 5th pts lib ℥ dr lib ℥ dr Sts lib: ℥ Sts: lib ℥ Sts lib ℥ The sum is 27883∟6363 1 ∟8333 3∟000 48∟00 768∟00 12288∟00 Scottish pieces of Gold 1 10∟80000 3 21 3 2 4 1 6 8 14 1 8 12 10 87 14 4 So that as you see 2581 and $\frac{3}{4}$ of a piece of coyned Gold Standard fine will weigh 2 Stones 4 pounds 4 Ounces 14 Drops 10 grains and $\frac{4}{5}$ graines which with a Ballance of ∟7363 of fourteen Shillings and little more than eight pennies Scots does exactly exhaust the value of the Bullion proposed and the Owners allowance lyes in setting off at 20: Shillings Sterline or 12 £ Scots per piece what is truly and of instrinsick value onely worth 10£ 16 Shillings Scots or 18 Shillings Sterline. 2 ∟16666 6∟000 96∟00 1536∟00 24576∟00 2 21∟60000 7 7 1 4 8 2 13 1 12 2 17 9 4 175 12 8 3 ∟25000 9∟000 144∟00 2304∟00 36864∟00 3 32∟40000 10 28 4 6 12 4 3 8 2 10 3 266 5 14 263 10 12 4 ∟33333 12∟000 192∟00 3072∟00 49152∟00 4 43∟20000 14 14 2 9 5 10 3 8 4 35 2 8 351 9 5 ∟41666 15∟000 240∟00 3840∟00 61440∟00 5 54∟00000 1 2 11 4 7 8 4 6 5 43 15 2 439 7 4 Here observe that 21600 taking in three of the Decimals I add three Cyphers to 2 the Index of it so have I 2000 pieces whose weight is under the title of thousands viz 1 Stone 12 pounds 2 ounces and so you may Iudge of others 6 ∟5000 18∟000 288∟00 4608∟00 73728∟00 6 64∟80000 1 5 21 3 13 8 8 7 5 4 6 52 11 12 527 5 8 7 ∟58333 21∟000 336∟00 5376∟00 86016∟00 7 75∟60000 1 9 7 1 15 12 9 13 8 6 2 7 61 8 6 615 3 12 8 ∟66666 24∟000 384∟00 6144∟00 98304∟00 8 86∟40000 1 12 28 4 1 2 11 4 7 8 70 5 703 2 Also I have hereby mere oversight taken out the nearest to 883 at twice which might have been done at once to the same purpose viz 864£ pieces 80 Weight 1 pounds 2 Ounce 9 ∟75000 27∟000 432∟00 5912∟00 110592∟00 9 97∟20000 2 00 14 2 1 4 4 12 10 8 7 14 9 79 1 10 791 0 4 £: Scots £: Scots £: Scots £: Scots £: Scots

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Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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