Browse texts by category: Science

1.

An Account of the Systeme of the World described in Mr Newton's Mathematicall Principles of Philosophy

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MS Add. 4005, ff. 39-42, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00291

2.

The Appendix

Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00236

3.

Dr. Clarke's Fifth Reply

Author: Samuel Clarke

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00235

4.

Mr. Leibniz's Fifth Paper

Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00234

5.

Dr. Clarke's Fourth Reply

Author: Samuel Clarke

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00233

6.

Mr. Leibniz's Fourth Paper

Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00232

7.

Dr. Clarke's Third Reply

Author: Samuel Clarke

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00231

8.

Mr. Leibniz's Third Paper

Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00230

9.

Dr. Clarke's Second Reply

Author: Samuel Clarke

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00229

10.

Mr. Leibniz's Second Paper

Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00228

11.

Dr. Clarke's First Reply

Author: Samuel Clarke

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00227

12.

Mr. Leibniz's First Paper

Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00226

13.

Front Matter to A Collection of Papers … between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz and Dr. Clarke

Author: Samuel Clarke

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00225

14.

De Gravitatione et æquipondio fluidorum

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MS Add. 4003, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00093

15.

'Quæstiones quædam Philosophiæ' ('Certain Philosophical Questions')

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MS Add. 3996, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00092

16.

Bibliography

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00069

17.

Appendix 3

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00068

18.

Appendix 2

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00067

19.

Appendix 1

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00066

20.

Conclusion

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00065

21.

Chapter Seven: The Dawn of Wisdom

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00064

22.

Chapter Six: Universal Medicines: Johann Rudolph Glauber and his Reception in England

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00063

23.

Chapter Five: Curing Creation: Alchemy and Spirituality

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00062

24.

Chapter Four: Panaceas of the Soul: Comenius and the Dream of Universal Knowledge

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00061

25.

Chapter Three: An Intelligencer's Ethos

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00060

[1]

A simplified refutation of various popular arguments against terrestrial motion, based on the Principia.

f. 39r 'I/ Scripture abused to prove the immoveableness of the globe of ye Earth'

f. 40r 'II/ Mathematicks abused to prove the Globe of the Earth immoveable'

f. 41r 'III/ Accurate skill in geometry and Mechanicks required to decide the Question'

[2] 4 pp on 4 folios

[3]

in English

[4]

[5] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Dr. Clarke's Fifth Reply [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

[6] The Appendix [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Mr. Leibniz's Fifth Paper [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

[7] Dr. Clarke's Fifth Reply [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Dr. Clarke's Fourth Reply [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

[8] Mr. Leibniz's Fifth Paper [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Mr. Leibniz's Fourth Paper [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

[9] Dr. Clarke's Fourth Reply [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Dr. Clarke's Third Reply [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

[10] Mr. Leibniz's Fourth Paper [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Mr. Leibniz's Third Paper [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

[11] Dr. Clarke's Third Reply [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Dr. Clarke's Second Reply [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

[12] Mr. Leibniz's Third Paper [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Mr. Leibniz's Second Paper [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

[13] Dr. Clarke's Second Reply [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Dr. Clarke's First Reply [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

[14] Mr. Leibniz's Second Paper [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Mr. Leibniz's First Paper [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

[15] Dr. Clarke's First Reply [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Front Matter to A Collection of Papers … between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz and Dr. Clarke [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

[16] Mr. Leibniz's First Paper [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)

[17]

Transcription and English translation in A.R. and M.B. Hall, Unpublished Scientific Papers, 90-156.

[18]

On the front cover in Thomas Pellet's hand: 'Sep 25 1727/ Not fit to be printed/ Tho Pellet'.

Ostensibly a dissertation on hydrostatics, more properly an attack on the supposedly atheistic philosophy of Descartes. Probably associated with the Principia.

[19] 40 pp.

[20]

in Latin

[21]

[22]

This undergraduate notebook charts the beginnings of Newton's scientific career. Ignoring the traditional Aristotelian curriculum, Newton packed his private notebook with analyses and criticisms of the latest theories in mathematics, optics and physics, together with a wide range of his own 'philosophical questions'.

[23]

The last section (ff. 87-135) is reproduced (in both diplomatic and modernised transcriptions), with an extensive introduction and commentary, in McGuire and Tamny, Certain Philosophical Questions (text on pp. 329-465). See also the detailed discussion in Westfall, Never at Rest, 89-97.

[24]

On front flyleaf: 'Isaac Newton/ Trin: Coll Cant/ 1661', and, in Thomas Pellet's hand: Sep. 25 1727/ Not fit to be printed/ T: Pellet'. Written from both ends: the foliation, which was added later (probably by University Library staff) starts from the front (30 ff. including the front flyleaf as f. 1) and resumes from the back (ff. 31-140).

ff. 3-15 Greek notes from Aristotle's Organon.

ff. 16-26r Latin notes from Johannes Magirus's Physiologiæ peripateticæ.

ff. 26v-30v English notes on astronomy.

[from back of book:]

ff. 34r-81v Greek and Latin notes from various sources.

ff. 83r-v English notes on Descartes.

ff. 87r-135r 'Questiones quædam Philosophcæ [sic]', in English. Notes on a huge range of topics relating to natural philosophy and reflecting the development of Newton's personal and largely extra-curricular interests during his student years. Some of the last entries ('Of God', f. 128, 'Of ye Creation', f. 129, 'Of ye soule', f. 130) introduce a theological note.

[25] 140 ff. of which 13 blank.

[26]

in Greek, Latin and English

[27]

[28] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) Appendix 3 [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

[29] Bibliography [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) Appendix 2 [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

[30] Appendix 3 [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) Appendix 1 [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

[31] Appendix 2 [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) Conclusion [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

[32] Appendix 1 [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) Chapter Seven: The Dawn of Wisdom [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

[33] Conclusion [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) Chapter Six: Universal Medicines: Johann Rudolph Glauber and his Reception in England [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

[34] Chapter Seven: The Dawn of Wisdom [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) Chapter Five: Curing Creation: Alchemy and Spirituality [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

[35] Chapter Six: Universal Medicines: Johann Rudolph Glauber and his Reception in England [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) Chapter Four: Panaceas of the Soul: Comenius and the Dream of Universal Knowledge [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

[36] Chapter Five: Curing Creation: Alchemy and Spirituality [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) Chapter Three: An Intelligencer's Ethos [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

[37] Chapter Four: Panaceas of the Soul: Comenius and the Dream of Universal Knowledge [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) Chapter Two: Servant of God [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

Privacy Statement

  • University of Oxford
  • Arts and Humanities Research Council
  • JISC