Browse texts by category: Science

1.

Pierpont Morgan Notebook

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MA 318, The Morgan Library & Museum, New York, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00001

2.

Hypothesis explaining the properties of light

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Thomas Birch, The History of the Royal Society, vol. 3 (London: 1757), pp. 247-305.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00002

3.

Draft of 'A Theory Concerning Light and Colors'

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MS Add. 3970.3, ff.460-466, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00003

4.

'Of Colours'

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MS Add. 3975, pp. 1-22, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00004

5.

Robert Hooke's Critique of Newton's Theory of Light and Colors (delivered 1672)

Author: Robert Hooke

Source: Thomas Birch, The History of the Royal Society, vol. 3 (London: 1757), pp. 10-15.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00005

6.

A Letter of Mr. Isaac Newton … containing his New Theory about Light and Colors

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 80 (19 Feb. 1671/2), pp. 3075-3087.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00006

7.

An Accompt of a New Catadioptrical Telescope invented by Mr. Newton

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 81 (25 March 1672), pp. 4004-4007.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00007

8.

Mr. Newton's Letter … containing some more suggestions about his New Telescope

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 82 (22 April 1672), pp. 4032-4034.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00008

9.

An Extract of another Letter … by way of an answer to some Objections, made by an Ingenious French Philosopher [Adrien Auzout] to the New Reflecting Telescope

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 82 (22 April 1672), pp. 4034-4035.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00009

10.

Mr. Isaac Newton's Considerations upon part of a Letter of Monsieur De Bercé

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 83 (20 May 1672), pp. 4056-4059.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00010

11.

Some Experiments propos'd in relation to Mr. Newton's Theory of light … together with the Observations made thereupon by the Author of that Theory

Author: Robert Moray

Source: Robert Moray, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 83 (20 May 1672), pp. 4059-4062.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00011

12.

A Latin Letter … by Ignatius Gaston Pardies … containing some Animadversions upon Mr. Isaac Newton … his Theory of Light

Author: Ignace Gaston Pardies

Source: Ignace Gaston Pardies, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 84 (17 June 1672), pp. 4087-4090.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00012

13.

Mr Newtons Letter of April 13. 1672 … being an Answer to the fore-going Letter of P. Pardies

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 84 (17 June 1672), pp. 4091-4093.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00013

14.

A Serie's of Quere's propounded by Mr. Isaac Newton … positively concluding his new Theory of Light and Colours

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 85 (15 July 1672), pp. 5004-5007.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00014

15.

A second Letter of P. Pardies

Author: Ignace Gaston Pardies

Source: Ignace Gaston Pardies, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 85 (15 July 1672), pp. 5012-5013.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00015

16.

An Extract of a Letter lately written by an ingenious person from Paris [Christiaan Huygens]

Author: Christiaan Huygens

Source: Christiaan Huygens, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 96 (21 July 1673), pp. 6086-6087.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00016

17.

Mr. Newtons Answer to the foregoing Letter [of Christiaan Huygens]

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 96 (21 July 1673), pp. 6087-6092.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00017

18.

An Extract of Mr Isaac Newton's Letter … concerning the Number of Colors

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 97 (6 October 1673), pp. 6108-6111.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00018

19.

An answer (to the former Letter) … by the same Parisian Philosopher

Author: Christiaan Huygens

Source: Christiaan Huygens, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 97 (6 October 1673), pp. 6112.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00019

20.

A Letter of the Learn'd Franc. Linus … animadverting upon … Mr. Isaac Newton's Theory of Light and Colors, date 6 October 1674

Author: Francis Linus

Source: Francis Linus, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 110 (25 January 1674/5), pp. 217-219.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00020

21.

A letter of Mr. Franc. Linus … being a reply to the Letter printed in Numb. 110

Author: Francis Linus

Source: Francis Linus, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 121 (24 January 1675/6), pp. 499-500.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00021

22.

Mr. Isaac Newton's Considerations on the former Reply [of Francis Linus]

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 121 (24 January 1675/6), pp. 501-502.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00022

23.

An extract of another Letter of Mr. Newton

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 121 (24 January 1675/6), pp. 503-504.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00023

24.

A particular Answer of Mr. Isaak Newton to Mr. Linus his Letter

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 123 (25 March 1676), pp. 556-561.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00024

25.

A Letter from Liege concerning Mr Newton's Experiment of the colour'd Spectrum

Author: Anthony Lucas

Source: Anthony Lucas, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 128 (25 September 1676), pp. 692-698.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00025

[1]

Described and partially published (as far as the conjuring tricks), with selected facsimiles of the later pages, in D.E. Smith, 'Two Unpublished Documents of Isaac Newton', 16-31. One very brief shorthand entry ('A remedy for a Ague') is deciphered in Westfall, 'Short Writing', 13. The word-lists are based on Francis Gregory's school text-book Nomenclatura brevis anglo-Latinis (1654), though with some interesting and (debatably) suggestive additions and variants: see Manuel, Portrait, 11-12, 27, 30, 34, 37, 69-70, 397-8.

[2]

Pocket memorandum notebook covering the end of Newton's schooldays and the beginning of his university career.

On the first leaf (in Newton's hand): 'Isacus Newton hunc librum possidet teste Edwardo Secker pret: 2d ob. 1659'. Contains technical advice on drawing, various medical recipes, instructions for performing conjuring tricks, astronomical charts, accounts of Copernican astronomy and 'Drebles Motion' [i.e. the supposed perpetual motion machine of Cornelius Drebbel], mathematical exercises, notes on universal character, and several lists of words, under assorted subject headings, beginning with the same letter.

One of four notebooks, with those in Trinity College Library, Cambridge University Library and the Fitzwilliam Museum, which supply the main source of evidence about Newton's interests and activities during his early years at Cambridge.

[3] 58ff.

[4]

in English

[5] 58pp.

[6]

in English

[7] Letter from Newton to Henry Oldenburg, dated 14 December 1675 [MS Add. 9597/2/18/45]

[8] 14pp.

[9]

in English

[10]

[11]

An illustrated account of Newton's first ventures into optical experimentation. Using his own eyes as subjects, he seriously risked blinding himself with experiments such as staring directly into the sun or poking a small knife into his eye socket to see what effect this would have on his visual perceptions. Astonishingly, his eyesight remained excellent until his death at the age of over eighty.

[12]

Develops the optical theories discussed in CUL Additional Ms. 3996.

[13] 22 pp.

[14]

in English

[15]

[16] 6pp.

[17]

in English

[18] Mr Isaac Newtons Answer to some Considerations [of Robert Hooke] upon his doctrine of Light and Colors [Philosophical Transactions 88 (18 November 1672)] A Letter of Mr. Isaac Newton … containing his New Theory about Light and Colors [Philosophical Transactions 80 (19 Feb. 1671/2)]

[19] 13pp.

[20]

in English

[21] Robert Hooke's Critique of Newton's Theory of Light and Colors (delivered 1672) [History of the Royal Society, Vol. 3 (1757)] Some Experiments propos'd in relation to Mr. Newton's Theory of light … together with the Observations made thereupon by the Author of that Theory [Philosophical Transactions 83 (20 May 1672)] A Latin Letter … by Ignatius Gaston Pardies … containing some Animadversions upon Mr. Isaac Newton … his Theory of Light [Philosophical Transactions 84 (17 June 1672)] A Letter of the Learn'd Franc. Linus … animadverting upon … Mr. Isaac Newton's Theory of Light and Colors, date 6 October 1674 [Philosophical Transactions 110 (25 January 1674/5)] A Letter from Liege concerning Mr Newton's Experiment of the colour'd Spectrum [Philosophical Transactions 128 (25 September 1676)]

[22] 4pp.

[23]

in English

[24] Christiaan Huygens' comments on Newton's telescope [Philosophical Transactions 81 (25 March 1672)] Newton's figure of his reflecting telescope with explanations [EL/N1/37]

[25] 3pp.

[26] Christiaan Huygens' comments on Newton's telescope [Philosophical Transactions 81 (25 March 1672)]

[27] 2pp.

[28]

in English

[29] 4pp.

[30]

in English

[31] 4pp.

[32]

in English

[33] The Observations, made upon these proposals [of Robert Moray] [Philosophical Transactions 83 (20 May 1672)] A Letter of Mr. Isaac Newton … containing his New Theory about Light and Colors [Philosophical Transactions 80 (19 Feb. 1671/2)]

[34] 4pp.

[35]

in Latin

[36] Mr Newtons Letter of April 13. 1672 … being an Answer to the fore-going Letter of P. Pardies [Philosophical Transactions 84 (17 June 1672)] Letter to Henry Oldenburg, dated 13 April 1672 [EL/N1/38] A Letter of Mr. Isaac Newton … containing his New Theory about Light and Colors [Philosophical Transactions 80 (19 Feb. 1671/2)]

[37] 3pp.

[38]

in Latin

[39] A second Letter of P. Pardies [Philosophical Transactions 85 (15 July 1672)] A Latin Letter … by Ignatius Gaston Pardies … containing some Animadversions upon Mr. Isaac Newton … his Theory of Light [Philosophical Transactions 84 (17 June 1672)] Letter to Henry Oldenburg, dated 13 April 1672 [EL/N1/38]

[40] 4pp.

[41]

in English with Latin translation

[42] 2pp.

[43]

in Latin

[44] Mr. Newton's Answer to the foregoing Letter [of Ignace Pardies] [Philosophical Transactions 85 (15 July 1672)] Letter to to Henry Oldenburg for Ignatius-Gaston Pardies, dated 10 June 1672 [EL/N1/40] Mr Newtons Letter of April 13. 1672 … being an Answer to the fore-going Letter of P. Pardies [Philosophical Transactions 84 (17 June 1672)]

[45] 2pp.

[46]

in English

[47] Mr. Newtons Answer to the foregoing Letter [of Christiaan Huygens] [Philosophical Transactions 96 (21 July 1673)] An Extract of Mr Isaac Newton's Letter … concerning the Number of Colors [Philosophical Transactions 97 (6 October 1673)] Answer to Huygens' critique of Newton's new theory of light and colours, dated 10 June 1673 [EL/N1/47] Mr Isaac Newtons Answer to some Considerations [of Robert Hooke] upon his doctrine of Light and Colors [Philosophical Transactions 88 (18 November 1672)]

[48] 6pp.

[49]

in English

[50] An Extract of a Letter lately written by an ingenious person from Paris [Christiaan Huygens] [Philosophical Transactions 96 (21 July 1673)] Answer to Huygens' critique of Newton's new theory of light and colours, dated 10 June 1673 [EL/N1/47]

[51] 4pp.

[52]

in English

[53] An answer (to the former Letter) … by the same Parisian Philosopher [Philosophical Transactions 97 (6 October 1673)] An Extract of a Letter lately written by an ingenious person from Paris [Christiaan Huygens] [Philosophical Transactions 96 (21 July 1673)]

[54] 1p.

[55]

in English

[56] An Extract of Mr Isaac Newton's Letter … concerning the Number of Colors [Philosophical Transactions 97 (6 October 1673)]

[57] 3pp.

[58]

in English

[59] An Answer to this Letter [of Francis Linus], written 5 December 1674 [Philosophical Transactions 110 (25 January 1674/5)] A Letter of Mr. Isaac Newton … containing his New Theory about Light and Colors [Philosophical Transactions 80 (19 Feb. 1671/2)]

[60] 2 pp.

[61]

in English

[62] Mr. Isaac Newton's Considerations on the former Reply [of Francis Linus] [Philosophical Transactions 121 (24 January 1675/6)] An extract of another Letter of Mr. Newton [Philosophical Transactions 121 (24 January 1675/6)] A particular Answer of Mr. Isaak Newton to Mr. Linus his Letter [Philosophical Transactions 123 (25 March 1676)] Letter to Oldenburg answering Linus's second letter on Newton's new doctrine of light and colour [EL/N1/51] Response to Linus's second letter concerning Newton's new theory of light and colours, dated 13 November 1675 [EL/N1/48] An Answer to this Letter [of Francis Linus], written 5 December 1674 [Philosophical Transactions 110 (25 January 1674/5)]

[63] 2pp.

[64]

in English

[65] A letter of Mr. Franc. Linus … being a reply to the Letter printed in Numb. 110 [Philosophical Transactions 121 (24 January 1675/6)] Response to Linus's second letter concerning Newton's new theory of light and colours, dated 13 November 1675 [EL/N1/48]

[66] 2pp.

[67]

in English

[68] A letter of Mr. Franc. Linus … being a reply to the Letter printed in Numb. 110 [Philosophical Transactions 121 (24 January 1675/6)]

[69] 6pp.

[70]

in English

[71] A letter of Mr. Franc. Linus … being a reply to the Letter printed in Numb. 110 [Philosophical Transactions 121 (24 January 1675/6)] Letter to Oldenburg answering Linus's second letter on Newton's new doctrine of light and colour [EL/N1/51]

[72] 7pp.

[73]

in English

[74] Mr Newton's Answer to the precedent Letter [Philosophical Transactions 128 (25 September 1676)] Letter to Oldenburg on the lengths and angles of prism images, dated 18 August 1676 [EL/N1/53] A Letter of Mr. Isaac Newton … containing his New Theory about Light and Colors [Philosophical Transactions 80 (19 Feb. 1671/2)]

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Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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