Browse texts by category: Political Matters

1.

Leter to John Conduitt, 5 April 1732

Author: Nicolas Fatio de Duillier

Source: Keynes Ms. 96(I), King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00041

2.

Letter to an unidentified addressee, 10 April 1732

Author: Nicolas Fatio de Duillier

Source: Keynes Ms. 96(J), King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00042

3.

Letter to John Conduitt, 12 April 1732

Author: Nicolas Fatio de Duillier

Source: Keynes Ms. 96(K), King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00043

4.

Petition to King George II

Author: Nicolas Fatio de Duillier

Source: Keynes Ms. 96(L), King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00044

5.

Petition to the House of Lords

Author: Nicolas Fatio de Duillier

Source: Keynes Ms. 96(M), King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00045

6.

Abstract of a letter to Dr Worth, 26 January 1732

Author: Nicolas Fatio de Duillier

Source: Keynes Ms. 96(N), King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00046

7.

An Account of ye Cambridge case & all ye proceedings therein

Author: Unknown

Source: Keynes Ms. 113, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00015

8.

Copy of 'An Act concerning the severall corporations of the Universities of Oxford & Cambridge'

Author: Unknown

Source: Keynes Ms. 114, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00016

9.

A defence of the Senate's stance in the Alban Francis affair

Author: Unknown

Source: Keynes Ms. 115, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00017

10.

Five drafts of a defence of the Senate's position in the Alban Francis affair

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 116, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00018

11.

'The Case of Kings College'

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 117, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00019

12.

An Account of King's College's Recovery of their Right to chuse their own Provost

Author: John Reynolds

Source: Keynes Ms. 117a, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00020

13.

Documents relating to Newton's preparation for appearance before Judge Jeffreys

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 118, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00021

14.

Copy letter concerning King James II's demand to have Alban Francis awarded an MA without taking the statutory oaths

Author: Unknown

Source: Keynes Ms. 119, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00022

15.

Extract from Thomas Fuller's 'History of the University of Cambridge'

Author: Thomas Fuller

Source: Keynes Ms. 120, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00023

16.

Notes upon ye dispensing power

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 121, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00024

17.

Copy of James II's decree appointing an ecclesiastical commission to inspect schools, universities and religious establishments

Author: James II

Source: Keynes Ms. 122, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00025

18.

Sentence of deposition of Cambridge Vice-Chancellor John Peachell

Author: Unknown

Source: Keynes Ms. 123, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00026

19.

'A letter of the Reverend Father Peter Iesuite'

Author: Unknown

Source: R.16.38. 442, Trinity College Library, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00103

20.

Copy of a tract in favour of the execution of Mary Queen of Scots

Author: Unknown

Source: Box 8 Folder 721, Brandeis University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00130

[1] 1 p.

[2]

in English

[3] 1 p.

[4]

in English

[5] 1 p.

[6]

in English

[7]

A plea for recompense for having foiled a plot to kidnap William of Orange.

[8] 1 p.

[9]

in English

[10]

A plea for recompense for having foiled a plot to kidnap William of Orange.

[11] 1 p.

[12]

in English

[13]

An abstract made by Fatio for the benefit of another correspondent, possibly Conduitt. The letter concerns Fatio's alleged role in uncovering a plot to kidnap the Prince of Orange.

[14] 3 pp.

[15]

in English

[16]

In Humphrey Newton's hand.

[17]

Published after the Revolution as an anonymous pamphlet, The Cambridge Case (London, 1689). Cf. Keynes Ms. 115, which is a copy of one section of this work.

[18]

Full title 'An Account of ye Cambridge case & all ye proceedings therein'. Probably not Newton's own composition though he may well have had a hand in it. A history of the attempt by James II to force Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge to grant an MA to the Roman Catholic friar Alban Francis, waiving the customary oath abjuring 'popery', and the vigorous and ultimately successful opposition raised to this (in which Newton played a discreet but very significant role: see Westfall, Never at Rest, 474-9, and Iliffe, 'Newton's anti-Catholicism').

[19] 16 pp. on 8 ff.

[20]

in English

[21]

Full title: 'An Act concerning the severall corporations of the Universities of Oxford & Cambridge & the confirmation of the Charters Liberties & Privileges granted to either of them' [Eliz. 13]. Part of the material assembled by Newton in constructing the case against Alban Francis's admission to an MA.

[22] 7 pp. on 4 ff.

[23]

in English

[24]

In Humphrey Newton's hand.

[25]

Another copy included in Keynes Ms. 113, pp. 5-6.

[26]

Entitled 'The Answer of ye Vice Chancellor & Senate of ye University of Cambridge to ye Question, why they did not Admitt Alban ffrancis to ye Degree of Master of Arts in ye same University according to his Mats Mandatory Letters under his Signe Manual'.

[27] 3 pp. on 2 ff.

[28]

in English

[29]

In Humphrey Newton's hand, with additions by Isaac Newton on pp. 3 and 12.

[30]

Entitled 'The Answer to some Questions propounded by ye Lord Ch. at ye Appearance of ye Vice Ch. & Deputies of ye Senate of ye University of Camb. before ye Lords Commissioners May 7th 1687'.

An indication of the extent of Newton's role in preparing the case for the Cambridge representatives (of whom he was one) at the final hearing before Judge Jeffreys in the Alban Francis affair. See Westfall, Never at Rest, 478-9.

[31] 14 pp.

[32]

in English

[33]

Newton's history of the relations between Crown and provostship since the foundation of King's College in 1441, concluding that the position was in the power of the monarch to grant.

[34] 4 pp.

[35]

in English

[36]

Not in Newton's hand.

[37]

An incomplete copy of the account produced by John Reynolds fifteen years or more after Newton's 1689 attempt to secure the provostship of King's.

[38] 2 pp.

[39]

in English

[40]

Described in the Sotheby catalogue as c. 1,100 words, a worse underestimate than usual.

Incomplete; partly in another hand.

[41]

See Westfall, Never at Rest, 478-9.

[42]

Consists of four different texts, as follows:

1) Extracts from relevant legislation, in Latin and English, c. 400 words, 2 pp. This section is not in Newton's hand.

2) 'The case of ye Bps Courts', also concerning legal precedents, c. 300 words, 1 p.

3) A document beginning 'His Maties promise is no argumt for abrogating ye laws', c. 500 words, 1 p., plus a jotted list of names. This is an important composition by Newton relating to his strategy for preventing the admission of father Alban Francis to the degree of M.A. at Sidney Sussex College in 1687.

4) 'Rules': an incomplete draft list of proposed legislation concerning 'liberty' and 'Government' of conscience (in fact largely concerned with suppressing Roman Catholicism), c. 200 words, 1 p.

[43] 5 pp.

[44]

in English apart from some Latin in the first document

[45]

Incomplete: breaks off in mid-sentence.

[46]

In Humphrey Newton's hand. Dated 19 February, evidently of 1687.

Authorship is ascribed to Newton by More and, tentatively, in NC, but this seems extremely unlikely: it is probably a copy used in preparing the defence of Sidney Sussex College.

[47]

Printed in More, Newton, 343-4 and NC, 2: 467-9.

[48]

Begins 'Sr, Here's a strong report in ye Town yt a Mandamus has been brought to ye Vice-chancellr to admit one F Francis a Benedictine Monck to be a Master of Arts,'

[49] 2 pp.

[50]

in English

[51]

Taken from Fuller's Church History of Great Britain (London, 1655).

[52]

Part of the material assembled by Newton in connection with his 1689 bid for the provostship of King's College, Cambridge (see Westfall, Never At Rest, 480-81). Concerns Edward IV effectively blackmailing King's College into acknowledging him as its founder.

[53] 1 p.

[54]

in English

[55]

The most significant of the manuscripts related to the Sidney Sussex case: Newton's attempt to show that the monarch's power is restrained by common law.

[56] 3 pp.

[57]

in English

[58]

In Humphrey Newton's hand.

[59]

Authorisation to the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor and other counsellors to investigate universities, schools and religious institutions at will to confirm their orthodoxy.

[60] 4 pp.

[61]

in English

[62]

Not in Newton's hand.

[63]

Dr John Peachell, Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge, was deposed for disobeying King James II's order to admit Alban Francis to an MA without Francis's taking the statutory oath of allegiance to the Church of England.

[64] 1 p.

[65]

in English

[66]

The third leaf is in Humphrey Newton's hand.

[67]

Full title reads: 'A letter of ye Rnd ffather Peter Iesuite, Almoner to ye King of England written to ye Rnd Father le Chaise Confessor to ye most Christian King [i.e. Louis XIV], touching ye present afairs of England'. The original (if the document is genuine) dates from early 1688, having reference to the pregnancy of Queen Mary Beatrice and the introduction of the Jesuit Thomas Fairfax to Magdalen College (9 Jan. 1688). However, the document depicts the Jesuits as so thoroughly devious and scheming that it seems unlikely it was really written by a member of the order. It concerns the progress of James II's efforts to Roman Catholicise England.

[68] 6 pp. on 3 ff.

[69]

in English (presumably translated)

[70]

Entitled 'Certain Argumts collected out of ye scriptures[,] out of ye civill Law & ye Com[m]on exhibited to ye Queens Matie by some of both houses against ye Queen of Scots', and dated 'Anno 13tio Elizabethæ [i.e. 1571]'.

[71] 11 pp.

[72]

in English and Latin

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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