Browse texts by category: Mint

1.

Appointment of Edward Harley as keeper of the officers' diet [ie. caterer], succeeding Richard Millward.

Author: Unknown

Source: MINT 19/1/61, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00002

2.

Clerical copy of royal warrant allocating salaries to each post in the Mint.

Author: Unknown

Source: MINT 19/1/81-2, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00003

3.

The three commissioners invite tenders for melting from [Thomas] Thornton, the present melter, and Edward Robinson.

Author: Unknown

Source: MINT 19/1/193, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00004

4.

Appointment of Frances Harley as keeper of the officers' diet, succeeding her late husband Edward.

Author: Unknown

Source: MINT 19/1/75-6, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00005

5.

Receipt for Mint documents and equipment.

Author: Philip Lloyd Warden

Source: MINT 19/1/26, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00006

6.

Report on the warden's duties.

Author: Mint commissioners

Source: MINT 19/1/13-14, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00007

7.

Appointment of Hannah Briggs as keeper of the officers' diet.

Author: Unknown

Source: MINT 19/1/73-4, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00008

8.

Receipt for Mint documents and equipment.

Author: Benjamin Overton

Source: MINT 19/1/282, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00009

9.

Extract from [previous master] Thomas Neale's indenture.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/422-3, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00010

10.

Treasury warrant to master and comptroller to give Thomas Anderson charge of the engineer's office and the tools and machinery in it.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/204, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00011

11.

List of wardens, masters, comptrollers and other officers 1603-1692.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/83, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00012

12.

'A Copy of a Deputation of the Warden Master Controller'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/69-70, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00013

13.

Royal warrant allocating the division of 14d. poundage between the Mint officers and moneyers, and fixing the formers' salaries.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/77-8, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00014

14.

Treasury certificate that Newton has taken an oath not to reveal the new method of rounding and edging coin.

Author: William Lowndes Secretary to the Treasury

Source: MINT 19/1/62, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00015

15.

'The State of the Mint'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/8-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00016

16.

Petition to Treasury: 'The humble Memoriall of Ionathan Ambrose Melter to his Majties Mint in the Tower'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/198-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00017

17.

Response to MINT00017 (Mint 19/1/198-9).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/194, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00018

18.

Another clerical copy of MINT00018 (Mint 19/1/194).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/195, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00019

19.

'An Account of the Mint in the Tower of London'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/2-3, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00020

20.

Further holograph draft of MINT00020 (Mint 19/1/2-3).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/6-7, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00021

21.

'The state of the Mint & Coynage according to the best of my knowledge'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/4-5, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00022

22.

Order to Mint to seize all [former engraver] James Roettier's puncheons, dies and presses.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/150, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00023

23.

Response to the tender of Peter Floyer and Charles Shales for melting down hammered silver coin and converting it into standard silver: their proposed fee is excessive and they should be beaten down.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/197, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00024

24.

Partial holograph draft of MINT00024 (Mint 19/1/197).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/565, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00025

25.

Petition for a salary increase

Author: Daniel Brattell Assay master

Source: MINT 19/1/104, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00026

[1] Magdalena Wharton , the late warden's widow

[2] Treasurer

[3] Owen Wynn

[4]

[Copies of the full indenture in PRO, C66/3325 and E351/2103, calendared in Challis, History, 748.]

[5]

Form for appointment of deputies to members of the Mint Board, with blanks for insertion of specific names and posts.

[6]

Another clerical copy of the same date in PRO, Mint 1/6, p. 15.

[7]

[The oath itself, taken by Newton on the same date, is in T.1/37.53, MINT00921 (printed in NC, 4: 201-2).]

[8] Treasury

[9]

Printed in NC, 4: 207-9.

[10]

Summary account of the official roles of the various Mint officers. Recently, the master has abrogated to himself much of the authority of the comptroller and (especially) the warden. Recommends 'restoring the ancient constitution'.

[11]

[Note on dating: MINT00018 (Mint 19/1/194) states that this petition was referred to the Mint on 4 August 1696; in the petition itself Ambrose refers to silver plate he has melted since 4 May.]

[12]

Pleads that he is being expected to melt silver plate on the same terms as he had agreed for melting clipped coin, but the operation is three times as costly: he is losing money and requests a higher fee.

[13] Treasury

[14]

Signed by Newton and [master] Thomas Neale, dated by Neale.

[15]

Another copy in PRO, T1/41, no. 48 (printed in NC, 4: 216-17).

[16]

Suggest that Ambrose's prices are far too high, and that the old practice should be resumed of letting the master employ melters on his own terms, which will be much more favourable. What Ambrose should be paid for the plate he has already melted they leave to the Treasury's discretion. Further request clarification of the legislation concerning moneyers' fees. At the start of the recoinage, a discretionary extra penny per pound weight of coin was promised to the moneyers contingent on Mint approval of the quality of their work: this is now being claimed by them as of right.

[17]

Reproduced almost verbatim in the report of the Committee for Miscarriages of the Mint, 8 April 1697 (PRO, Mint 2/11), reprinted in Ruding, Annals of the Coinage, 2: 465 [See Challis, History, 358 for an account of this committee and its enthusiastic reception of Newton's report.] This version printed in NC, 4: 233-6. Another copy in Pierpont Morgan Library, Acc. No. MA317(6).

[18]

Sets out the titles and duties of the various Mint officers.

[19]

Variant draft of MINT00020 (Mint 19/1/2-3), with further details of salaries, expenses, equipment and financial arrangements.

[20] Treasury

[21]

Draft of T. 1/43.53, MINT00927, which is signed by Newton and [master's assistant] Thomas Hall (printed in NC, 4: 236-7). The (undated) tender in question is in PRO, T. 1/42.16.

[22] Treasury

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Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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