Browse texts by category: Edinburgh Mint

1.

'Extracts out of an Act of the first Parliament of King Iames the seventh chap. XXIV anent a free coinage'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/211, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00347

2.

Printed ready-reckoner, compiled by George Brown, of the value in sterling silver of varying finenesses of bullion (for the use of merchants supplying bullion to the Mint) (Edinburgh, 1687).

Author: George Brown

Source: MINT 19/3/10, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00348

3.

Similar but less elaborate printed reckoner for bullion values, without the compiler's name.

Author: Unknown

Source: MINT 19/3/178-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00349

4.

'Act of parliament anent the Mint'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/14, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00350

5.

Holograph copy of MINT00350 (Mint 19/3/14), headed 'The Clause in an Act of Parliament made in Scotland A.C. 1690'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/19, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00351

6.

Assorted draft memoranda relating to the Edinburgh mint.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/216, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00352

7.

Extract from the London Mint indenture allocating poundage, followed by an extract from the warrant requiring the Edinburgh Mint to follow the rules set out in the London Mint indenture.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/18, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00353

8.

Holograph drafts of royal warrants to the Edinburgh master and officers to undertake coining according to the rules set out in Newton's indenture.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/186, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00354

9.

Proposals for new sets of check weights and new gold and silver trial plates to be made for both London and Edinburgh.

Author: John Stanley

Source: MINT 19/3/72-3, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00355

10.

Detailed list of supplies to be sent to Edinburgh and their prices.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/70, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00356

11.

'A Bill of the prizes [i.e. prices] of such Tools & other things as may be usefull in her Majts Mint in Scotland', with a covering letter to the Treasury.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/15-16, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00357

12.

Variant holograph drafts of MINT00357 (Mint 19/3/15-16).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/179, MINT 19/3/76-7, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00358

13.

The articles ordered for the Edinburgh Mint have been embarked, all except the weights and seals, as authorisation to mark the weights has not yet been given: request for such authorisation.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/97, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00359

14.

If pyx trials are to continue to be conducted in Scotland as the Lord Chancellor of Scotland wishes, new gold and silver trial pieces should be made and allotted to the English and Scottish Mints and Treasuries and to the Goldsmith's Company.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/190, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00360

15.

Rough holograph drafts of MINT00360 (Mint 19/3/190).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/138-9, 188-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00361

16.

Partial holograph draft of MINT00360 (Mint 19/3/190).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/62, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00362

17.

Holograph fragment of MINT00360 (Mint 19/3/190).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/69, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00363

18.

Requests a warrant for check weights to be made in London and sent to Edinburgh.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/64, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00364

19.

Royal warrant to George Allardes [Allardyce, Allardice, master of the Edinburgh Mint] to coin crowns, half-crowns, shillings and sixpences in the proportion 20: 30: 40: 10, as in England, using London tools, and inscribing the letter E on each coin.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/42-3, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00365

20.

Report on the Edinburgh Mint.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/181, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00366

21.

Further holograph drafts of MINT00366 (Mint 19/3/181).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/144, 151, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00367

22.

Holograph draft of Treasury warrant to John Stanley [London warden] to have two sets of check weights made, one for London and one for Edinburgh. Followed by a series of calculations.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/150, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00368

23.

Holograph memorandum on Edinburgh trial plates and pyx trial.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/66, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00369

24.

On the need to supply the Edinburgh Mint with trial plates, weights, dies and Mint marks.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/68, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00370

25.

Royal warrant appointing David Gregory to supervise the reorganisation of the Edinburgh Mint.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/180, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00371

[1]

Table of import duties payable to the Edinburgh Mint and various details of bookkeeping procedure.

[2]

Extract of legislation raising poundage at Edinburgh from 18 to 20 Scottish pounds per stone weight of silver.

[3]

(a) Holograph memorandum on the Scottish act of 1686 requiring the provision of standard English weights in Scotland and stipulating that 'a standard or printed Table shall be kept in the Mint-house of the values of money or bullion [...] by wch Marchants or others may know what they were to give in or get out when their bullion doth arise above or fall below the standard appointed' [see MINT00348 and MINT00349 (Mint 19/3/10, 179), which appear to meet this desideratum].

(b) Fragmentary memorandum in another hand on the same act.

(c) [1707?] Memorandum in Newton's hand: 'To be considered how much money may be applied to ye Mint in Scotland & after what manner'.

(d) Further memoranda by Newton proposing that the bullion clerk double as weigher and teller and surveyor of meltings, and summarising more recent legislation on the funding of the Edinburgh Mint.

[4] Treasury

[5]

Another copy (dated 24 March) in Mint 1/8.136, MINT01210.

[6]

Suggests that either the Edinburgh staff be sent to London for training, or an instructor sent from London to Edinburgh. New machinery needed in Edinburgh should also be sent from London.

[7] Treasury

[8]

Draft of T. 1/101.91, MINT00950 (of the same date, printed in NC, 4: 485-7).

[9]

The Edinburgh Mint's other requirements can be met locally as hitherto.

[10]

Clerical copy dated 12 April 1707 in Mint 1/8.137-9, MINT01211.

[11] Treasurer

[12]

Signed by the Mint Board.

[13]

Printed in NC, 4: 489-90. Clerical copy of the same date in PRO, Mint 1/8, p. 142.

[14] Treasurer

[15]

Printed in NC, 4: 491-3. Clerical copy, undated, in PRO, Mint 1/8, pp. 141-2.

[16]

Details of the warrants that need to be issued for the Scottish mint to begin work. Scottish coins should be stamped with a distinguishing mark such as E for Edinburgh; otherwise the coins of the two Mints must be identical.

[17]

Mint 19/3/138 also dated 31 May 1707.

[18] Treasury

[19]

[Note on dating: NC gives 5 June 1707, which it says is the date of the copy in the Royal Mint Record Books (now PRO, Mint 1), 8, p. 144, but there is no such copy. There is, however, a similar but considerably longer request from the Mint Board to the Treasury, also mentioning trial pieces and details of the Edinburgh master's indenture, in PRO, Mint 1/8, p. 143, dated 2 June 1707.]

[20]

Printed in NC, 4: 494.

[21] Treasurer

[22]

Holograph copy in T. 1/102.57, MINT00951 (dated 24 June and printed in NC, 4: 494-5).

[23]

Advises that the Edinburgh Mint has only one clerk, and that the processes and bookkeeping methods used there do not conform to English practice, with which none of their officers is familiar. Suggests David Gregory and one of the London clerks be sent to instruct them, and requests that a salary for this service be decided on. The London Mint will supply Edinburgh with dies and puncheons until the Edinburgh engraver's work is found satisfactory.

[24]

Mint 19/3/144 also dated 23 June 1707.

[25]

Clerical copy dated 25 June 1707 in PRO, Mint 1/8, p. 144.

[26] Treasurer

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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