Browse texts by category: Correspondence

1.

Covering letter for MINT00159 (Mint 19/1/228-9).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/236, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00163

2.

Brief letter concerning the 'perusal' and possible purchase, apparently on Newton's behalf, of some Italian coins from an unspecified 'gentleman'.

Author: Isaac Davies

Source: MINT 19/2/10-11, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00196

3.

Model letter for Allardes to send to Treasurer Godolphin.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/183, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00387

4.

Covering letter for a 'Memoriall' relating to various difficulties [MINT00419 (Mint 19/3/177)].

Author: George Allardes

Source: MINT 19/3/35, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00420

5.

Letter concerning the Edinburgh Mint

Author: Lord Seafield Lord Chancellor of Scotland

Source: MINT 19/3/123, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00425

6.

Personal letter

Author: George Allardes

Source: MINT 19/3/36, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00428

7.

Corrected account of the total bullion brought into the Scottish Mint during the recoinage, with a covering letter containing apologies for errors in the previous account and a repeated enquiry about the allowance for waste.

Author: Hercules Scott

Source: MINT 19/3/58-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00451

8.

Covering letter for a formulaic statement of accounts for each mint to complete prior to its being closed down [April - September 1698].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/251, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00481

9.

Covering letter forwarding the following tenders.

Author: Treasury

Source: MINT 19/2/366, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00636

10.

Defence of the present coinage and of the tender accepted against the printed complaint of the disappointed tenderers and three letters of Richard Jones. Newton has accepted not the cheapest tender but the most reliable one.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/452, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00659

11.

Covering letter from Treasury referring MINT00665 (Mint 19/2/367) to Newton.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/2/368, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00666

12.

Covering letter for a Mint report on a further petition from Cornwall for a renewal of the tin contract, and for 'a further Report upon the present state of the Tin', probably meaning the following entry.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/3/483, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00715

13.

William Chaloner's Letters to the Warden of the Mint, to Justice Railton, to Isaac Newton, and to Justice Railton

Author: William Chaloner

Source: MINT 15/17/133, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00917

14.

William Chaloner's Letter to Isaac Newton

Author: William Chaloner

Source: MINT 15/17/205, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00918

15.

Noah Neal's Letter to Isaac Newton

Author: Noah Neal

Source: MINT 15/17/280, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00919

16.

Judge Rokeby's Letter to Isaac Newton

Author: Thomas Rokeby

Source: MINT 15/17/160, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00920

17.

"Dr Newton's Oath as Warden of the Mint"

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: T 1/37.53, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00921

18.

"Memoriall about Mint Money"

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: T 1/37.57, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00922

19.

Mint presentment concerning the provision of instruments and officers for the five Country Mints

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: T 1/38.39, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00923

20.

Letter concerning the allowances made to the Warden and Master of the Mint, requesting additional funds

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: T 1/38.48, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00924

21.

Letter concerning the memorial of Jonathan Ambrose

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: T 1/41.48, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00925

22.

Letter concerning various possessions seized from counterfeiters in Norfolk

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: T 1/42.50, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00926

23.

Letter concerning the petitions of Peter Floyer and Charles Shales

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: T 1/43.53, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00927

24.

Response to the petition of James Roettiers

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: T 1/46.43, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00928

25.

Letter concerning adjustments to the standard weights of the current money

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: T 1/48.49, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00929

[1] Treasurer

[2]

Newton's letter printed in NC, 7: 421-2.

[3]

On reverse: holograph notes on the value and weight of gold guineas and silver shillings, with several related calculations.

[4] Isaac Newton

[5]

Printed in NC, 7: 377.

[6]

On reverse (written over the address): holograph notes on Italian coins.

[7] George Allardes

[8]

[On the Scottish practice of adding copper and the reasons for it, see NC, 4: 500-501, n. 2, and Craig, NATM, 71-2. Craig's account is a little confusing, however: he states that the practice had earlier been stopped on Newton's orders, giving the reference Newton MSS Mint 19/3/181. That, however, is MINT00366 in this catalogue and has no bearing on this matter at all. No other document issuing such an order has been identified, except insofar as it is implicit in the legislation requiring the Edinburgh Mint to conform to London practice: see MINT00353 (Mint 19/3/18). However, Newton undoubtedly was uncomfortable with the practice and accepted it only reluctantly: see especially MINT00452 and MINT00453 (Mint 19/1/181-2, 188). Craig also states that in this and the following document Newton made 'a stipulation that uniformity should again be attempted as soon as the recoinage was completed' (NATM, 72), which is something of an overstatement: what Newton actually proposed was that the Scots 'be still allowed if her Majty pleases to use their ancient Method [...] untill the present recoinage of the moneys in Scotland shall be finished'.]

Letter to Allardes printed in NC, 7: 455, that to Prince George's treasurer in NC, 4: 480. Allardes duly used Newton's guidelines to produce the memorial now in PRO, T17/1, pp. 172-3.

[9]

Explains that the use of coal rather than charcoal in Scottish furnaces leads to a fiercer heat and hence a more rapid evaporation of the copper admixture. Proposes continuation of the traditional Scottish method [of adding a few grains of copper to the silver in the course of melting] of compensating for this.

Preceded by a holograph draft letter of 28 November 1706 from Newton to Prince George's Treasurer, ordering payment of £50 on the Prince's account to John Flamsteed for preparing his papers for the press [the Historia Cœlestis Britannica, printed 1707 and eventually published 1712].

On reverse: holograph draft of MINT00388 (Mint 19/1/187).

[10] Isaac Newton

[11]

Signed by Allardes.

[12]

Printed in NC, 4: 530.

[13]

Begs Newton's pardon for troubling him with it but very much hopes he will respond, since 'I must acknowledge I am but a Stranger to what may be proper for me to do on this occasion'. Reminds Newton of Robert Millar's petition [MINT00411 (Mint 19/3/194)] and expresses support for it.

[14] Isaac Newton

[15]

Signed by Seafield.

[16]

Printed in NC, 4: 540.

[17]

Conveys Allardes' thanks for Newton's advice and help. Is confident of a speedy settlement of the bullion accounts [following the confusion caused by the death of bullion collector Daniel Stewart: see MINT00402, MINT00403, MINT00421 (Mint 19/3/131, 46, 44)].

Commends Robert Millar, encloses a copy of his petition [probably MINT00423 (Mint 19/3/120)] and suggests a bonus payment of £50.

[18] Isaac Newton

[19]

Signed by Allardes.

[20]

Printed in NC, 4: 541.

[21]

Apologises for the delay in presenting accounts due to severe illness ('my old indisposition of vomiting blood'). Given the state of his health, many are looking to succeed to his post: asks Newton's support for his proposal that it should pass to his son. Though only sixteen, he could act through a deputy at first, and it would be unfair for Allardes' heirs to be deprived of the money still owing to him as master.

[22] Isaac Newton

[23]

Printed in NC, 5: 331-2; see ibid., 316-18, for Scott's earlier account and enquiry of 26 July 1712.

[24] Officers of the country mints

[25]

Printed in NC, 4: 271-2.

[26] Mint

[27]

Printed in NC, 6: 400-1.

[28]

Printed in NC, 6: 451-3.

[29]

Printed in NC, 7: 42; another copy in PRO, T27/22, p. 424.

[30] Treasurer

[31]

Printed in NC, 5: 190.

[32]

The first letter, entitled "William Chaloner's Letter to the Warden of the Mint", printed in NC, 4: 305-6.

[33]

Printed in NC, 4: 307-9.

[34]

Printed in NC, 4: 248.

[35]

Printed in NC, 7: 407-8.

[36]

Printed in NC, 4: 201-2.

[37]

Signed by the Mint Board.

[38]

Printed in NC, 4: 202-3.

[39]

Printed in NC, 4: 204-5.

[40]

Printed in NC, 4: 205-6.

[41]

Printed in NC, 4: 216-7.

[42]

Printed in NC, 4: 218-9.

[43]

Printed in NC, 4: 236-7. Draft in Mint 19/1/197, MINT00024.

[44]

Signed by the Mint Board.

[45]

Printed in NC, 4: 240-1.

[46]

Printed in NC, 4: 250-1.

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

Privacy Statement

  • University of Oxford
  • Arts and Humanities Research Council
  • JISC