Browse texts by category: Alban Francis affair

1.

An Account of ye Cambridge case & all ye proceedings therein

Author: Unknown

Source: Keynes Ms. 113, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00015

2.

Copy of 'An Act concerning the severall corporations of the Universities of Oxford & Cambridge'

Author: Unknown

Source: Keynes Ms. 114, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00016

3.

A defence of the Senate's stance in the Alban Francis affair

Author: Unknown

Source: Keynes Ms. 115, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00017

4.

Five drafts of a defence of the Senate's position in the Alban Francis affair

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 116, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00018

5.

Documents relating to Newton's preparation for appearance before Judge Jeffreys

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 118, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00021

6.

Copy letter concerning King James II's demand to have Alban Francis awarded an MA without taking the statutory oaths

Author: Unknown

Source: Keynes Ms. 119, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00022

7.

Notes upon ye dispensing power

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 121, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00024

8.

Copy of James II's decree appointing an ecclesiastical commission to inspect schools, universities and religious establishments

Author: James II

Source: Keynes Ms. 122, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00025

9.

Sentence of deposition of Cambridge Vice-Chancellor John Peachell

Author: Unknown

Source: Keynes Ms. 123, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00026

[1]

In Humphrey Newton's hand.

[2]

Published after the Revolution as an anonymous pamphlet, The Cambridge Case (London, 1689). Cf. Keynes Ms. 115, which is a copy of one section of this work.

[3]

Full title 'An Account of ye Cambridge case & all ye proceedings therein'. Probably not Newton's own composition though he may well have had a hand in it. A history of the attempt by James II to force Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge to grant an MA to the Roman Catholic friar Alban Francis, waiving the customary oath abjuring 'popery', and the vigorous and ultimately successful opposition raised to this (in which Newton played a discreet but very significant role: see Westfall, Never at Rest, 474-9, and Iliffe, 'Newton's anti-Catholicism').

[4] 16 pp. on 8 ff.

[5]

in English

[6]

Full title: 'An Act concerning the severall corporations of the Universities of Oxford & Cambridge & the confirmation of the Charters Liberties & Privileges granted to either of them' [Eliz. 13]. Part of the material assembled by Newton in constructing the case against Alban Francis's admission to an MA.

[7] 7 pp. on 4 ff.

[8]

in English

[9]

In Humphrey Newton's hand.

[10]

Another copy included in Keynes Ms. 113, pp. 5-6.

[11]

Entitled 'The Answer of ye Vice Chancellor & Senate of ye University of Cambridge to ye Question, why they did not Admitt Alban ffrancis to ye Degree of Master of Arts in ye same University according to his Mats Mandatory Letters under his Signe Manual'.

[12] 3 pp. on 2 ff.

[13]

in English

[14]

In Humphrey Newton's hand, with additions by Isaac Newton on pp. 3 and 12.

[15]

Entitled 'The Answer to some Questions propounded by ye Lord Ch. at ye Appearance of ye Vice Ch. & Deputies of ye Senate of ye University of Camb. before ye Lords Commissioners May 7th 1687'.

An indication of the extent of Newton's role in preparing the case for the Cambridge representatives (of whom he was one) at the final hearing before Judge Jeffreys in the Alban Francis affair. See Westfall, Never at Rest, 478-9.

[16] 14 pp.

[17]

in English

[18]

Described in the Sotheby catalogue as c. 1,100 words, a worse underestimate than usual.

Incomplete; partly in another hand.

[19]

See Westfall, Never at Rest, 478-9.

[20]

Consists of four different texts, as follows:

1) Extracts from relevant legislation, in Latin and English, c. 400 words, 2 pp. This section is not in Newton's hand.

2) 'The case of ye Bps Courts', also concerning legal precedents, c. 300 words, 1 p.

3) A document beginning 'His Maties promise is no argumt for abrogating ye laws', c. 500 words, 1 p., plus a jotted list of names. This is an important composition by Newton relating to his strategy for preventing the admission of father Alban Francis to the degree of M.A. at Sidney Sussex College in 1687.

4) 'Rules': an incomplete draft list of proposed legislation concerning 'liberty' and 'Government' of conscience (in fact largely concerned with suppressing Roman Catholicism), c. 200 words, 1 p.

[21] 5 pp.

[22]

in English apart from some Latin in the first document

[23]

Incomplete: breaks off in mid-sentence.

[24]

In Humphrey Newton's hand. Dated 19 February, evidently of 1687.

Authorship is ascribed to Newton by More and, tentatively, in NC, but this seems extremely unlikely: it is probably a copy used in preparing the defence of Sidney Sussex College.

[25]

Printed in More, Newton, 343-4 and NC, 2: 467-9.

[26]

Begins 'Sr, Here's a strong report in ye Town yt a Mandamus has been brought to ye Vice-chancellr to admit one F Francis a Benedictine Monck to be a Master of Arts,'

[27] 2 pp.

[28]

in English

[29]

The most significant of the manuscripts related to the Sidney Sussex case: Newton's attempt to show that the monarch's power is restrained by common law.

[30] 3 pp.

[31]

in English

[32]

In Humphrey Newton's hand.

[33]

Authorisation to the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor and other counsellors to investigate universities, schools and religious institutions at will to confirm their orthodoxy.

[34] 4 pp.

[35]

in English

[36]

Not in Newton's hand.

[37]

Dr John Peachell, Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge, was deposed for disobeying King James II's order to admit Alban Francis to an MA without Francis's taking the statutory oath of allegiance to the Church of England.

[38] 1 p.

[39]

in English

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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