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76.

Book II: Chapter 5

Author: John Milton

Source: John Milton, A Treatise on Christian Doctrine, Compiled from the Holy Scriptures Alone, vol. 2 (Boston: 1825).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00338

77.

Apographum schediasmatis a Newtono olim scripti

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MS Add. 3968, ff. 1r-2v, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00345

78.

The October 1666 Tract on Fluxions

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MS Add. 3958.3, ff. 48v-63v, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00100

79.

De Solutione Problematum per Motum

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MS Add. 3958.3, ff. 68r-76v, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00101

80.

Clerical copy of royal warrant allocating salaries to each post in the Mint.

Author: Unknown

Source: MINT 19/1/81-2, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00003

81.

Transcript of 'Sr George Ripley His Epistle to K Edward unfolded'

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 52, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00041

82.

Lectiones Opticae

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MS Add. 4002, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00306

83.

Letter from Newton to a friend, together with Collins's description of a telescope mentioned in the Newton letter

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MS Add. 9597/2/18/3, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00226

84.

Letter from Newton to Francis Aston, dated 18 May 1669

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MS Add. 9597/2/18/4, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00227

85.

De Analysi per aequationes numero terminorum infinitas

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MS/81/4, Royal Society Library, London, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00204

86.

Ex Irenæi adversus hæreses lib. I

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 13.1, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00371

87.

'Out of Schroderus Pharmacopia'

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Location Unknown

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00130

88.

Untitled treatise on Revelation (Section 1.5)

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 1.5, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00192

89.

Two incomplete treatises on the vegetative growth of metals and minerals

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: NMAHRB Ms. 1031 B, Dibner Library, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00081

90.

Notes from Petavius on the Nicene Council

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 4, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00004

91.

Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.2)

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 1.2, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00137

92.

'Sententiæ notabiles expositæ'

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Location Unknown

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00139

93.

Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.3)

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 1.3, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00138

94.

Untitled treatise on Revelation (Section 1.6)

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 1.6, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00213

95.

Exposition of 2 Kings 17:15-16

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 21, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00064

96.

'Verses at the end of B[asil] Valentine's mystery of the Microcosm'

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 63, King's College, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00052

97.

'Ex Turba Philosophorum'

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Location Unknown

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00123

98.

Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.1a)

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 1.1a, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00136

99.

Untitled treatise on Revelation (Section 1.8)

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 1.8, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00215

100.

Part of an exposition of 2 Kings, 17:15-16

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Ms. 437, The Babson College Grace K. Babson Collection of the Works of Sir Isaac Newton, Huntington Library, San Marino, California, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00082

[1] Book II: Chapter 6 [Treatise on Christian Doctrine, Vol. 2 (1825)] Treatise on Christian Doctrine, Vol. 2 (1825) Book II: Chapter 4 [Treatise on Christian Doctrine, Vol. 2 (1825)]

[2] 2 pp of 2 fos.

[3]

in English with some Latin

[4] 29 pp.

[5]

[6] 29 pp.

[7]

[8]

This does not correspond to any of the three published versions of the work in question and predates two of them (it appeared in Chymical, Medicinal, and Chirurgical Addresses made to Mr Samuel Hartlib Esq. (1655: H378), on its own in 1677 and in Ripley Reviv'd (1678: H1407)). It can be collated with BL Sloane 633, while the variant excerpts correspond to BL Sloane 3633. See Dobbs, Foundations, 113 and Wilkinson, 'Bibliographical puzzles', 235-44. See also Keynes Mss. 17, 51, 53, 54.

[9]

A complete transcript of this important alchemical tract [by 'Eirenæus Philalethes', i.e. George Starkey], plus excerpts from a variant version, beginning on f. 7v under the heading 'Ex chartis Mr Sloane'.

[10] 17 pp. on 9 ff.

[11]

in English with some Latin and Greek

[12] 129 ff.

[13]

in Latin with some English and Greek

[14]

[15] 1 f.

[16]

Published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 1 (Cambridge: 1959), pp. 3-7

[17]

[18] 1 f.

[19]

Published in H.W. Turnbull (ed), The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 1 (Cambridge: 1959), pp. 9-11

[20]

[21] 15 pp. on 9 ff.

[22]

in Latin

[23] 4 ff.

[24]

in Latin

[25] Notes on Jewish ceremonies and their relevance to prophetic exegesis [Yahuda Ms. 13.2] Yahuda Ms. 13

[26]

'Ex Irenæi adversus hæreses lib. I.'

[27]

Handwriting and paper seem similar to those of Keynes Ms. 18 in King's College, Cambridge.

[28]

See H1473 for Newton's copy of another work by Schroeder.

[29]

Notes on and excerpts from the Pharmacopœia of Johann Schröder (Ulm, 1641 and frequently reprinted).

[30] 3 pp. and 2 lines + 4 pp. blank

[31]

in Latin

[32] 210 ff.

[33]

in English with quotations in Latin and Greek

[34] Untitled treatise on Revelation (Section 1.6) [Yahuda Ms. 1.6] Yahuda Ms. 1 Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.4) [Yahuda Ms. 1.4]

[35]

Both texts are related to the 'Hypothesis explaining the Properties of Light' Newton sent to the Royal Society in December 1675.

Reproduced in facsimile as an appendix to B.J.T. Dobbs, Alchemical Death. The English portion is described and transcribed in Dobbs, Janus Faces, 256-70 (Dobbs treats the first of the twelve subjects for enquiry as the title of the entire document). See also her 'Newton Manuscripts at the Smithsonian', 107, and P.M. Rattansi, 'Newton's Alchemical Studies'.

[36]

The first treatise (11 pp., in English) begins with a list of 12 numbered subjects for discussion, forming a putative draft outline of the work (though the text itself frequently departs from the sequence of subjects listed): e.g. '1 Of natures obvious laws & processes in vegetation', '2 That metalls vegetate after the same laws', etc. The very heavy reworking of the main text and absence of reference to other sources strongly suggest Newton's own composition, making this a centrally important document indicating the nature of his 'chymical' views in the mid-1670s. It is quite without accounts of specific laboratory processes and quite devoid of allegorical or symbolic terminology, and seems to represent the beginnings of an attempt to formulate a coherent and comprehensive theory of chemistry.

The second, shorter treatise is in Latin and written from the back of the document, beginning on f. 6v and continuing onto f. 6r. This is a distinct but closely related work also shedding important light on Newton's chymical and natural philosophical views, though until recently it has been almost wholly neglected by Newton scholars.

[37] 12 pp.

[38]

in English and Latin

[39]

Notes on the First Nicene Council (325 AD), taken from the Church historian Denis Petau (Petavius).

[40]

See H1283-6 for Newton's collection of works by Petau, though these notes seem to predate any of the editions he owned.

[41] 52 pp.

[42]

in Latin

[43] c. 64 ff.

[44]

in English with quotations in Latin, Greek and Hebrew

[45] Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.3) [Yahuda Ms. 1.3] Yahuda Ms. 1 Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.1a) [Yahuda Ms. 1.1a]

[46]

Mistitled 'Sententiæ notabilii expositiæ' in the 1936 Sotheby catalogue.

[47]

A collation of quotations from a wide range of acknowledged printed sources including Michael Maier, the anonymous 'Turba philosophorum' and 'Tabula smaragdina', Johannes Grassæus, Ramón Lull, Lorenzo Ventura, Artephius, Nicolas Flamel and Rosinus. A quotation from the 'Liber Abre' in the Musæum hermeticum of 1677 makes the manuscript datable, at least in part, to 1677 or later.

[48] 4 pp. + 4 pp. blank

[49]

in Latin

[50] c. 65 ff.

[51]

in English with quotations in Latin and Greek

[52] Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.4) [Yahuda Ms. 1.4] Yahuda Ms. 1 Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.2) [Yahuda Ms. 1.2]

[53] 210 ff.

[54]

in English with quotations in Latin and Greek

[55] Untitled treatise on Revelation (Section 1.7) [Yahuda Ms. 1.7] Yahuda Ms. 1 Untitled treatise on Revelation (Section 1.5) [Yahuda Ms. 1.5]

[56]

Same watermark as letters to Oldenburg of 18 August, 26 August and 24 October 1676.

[57]

The text is complete but was originally accompanied by a shorter version which is no longer present: this now constitutes Harry Ransom Research Center Ms. 130 and possibly Babson Ms. 437 (though this yields a total page count of 30, two higher than that in the Sotheby catalogue).

[58] 18 pp. on 15 ff.

[59]

in English

[60] Part of an exposition of 2 Kings, 17:15-16 [Ms. 437] Exposition of 2 Kings 17:15-16 [Ms. 130]

[61]

There appear to be pages missing between ff. 4-5 and ff. 12-13.

[62]

Several extracts from verses on various chemicals, on the 'planets' that symbolise the metals, and on 'the first Matter'. On f. 10r, a small pen-and-ink drawing of an alchemical emblem (dogs chasing hares in a circle) illustrating one of the verses.

[63] 569 lines, 20 pp. on 10 ff.

[64]

in English

[65]

Cf. H90 (Artis auriferæ) and H1608 (Theatrum chemicum), and the notes from the 'Turba philosophorum' on f. 4r of Keynes Ms. 25.

[66]

Excerpts from the hugely influential 'Turba philosophorum' ('Crowd of Philosophers'), an anthology of pre-medieval alchemical texts published in Latin translation (from Arabic) as Artis auriferæ, quam chemiam vocant, volumina dua (Basel, 1610), and again under the title 'Turba philosophorum' in the 1659-61 Strasbourg edition of Lazarus Zetzner's Theatrum chemicum. The excerpts made by Newton are a collation of these two editions, with some passages representing his own commentary and notes on discrepancies between his sources. This almost certainly dates the manuscript to after 1669, when Newton bought his copy of the Theatrum chemicum.

[67] 7 pp.

[68]

in Latin

[69] c. 31 ff.

[70]

in English

[71] Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.2) [Yahuda Ms. 1.2] Yahuda Ms. 1 Untitled Treatise on Revelation (section 1.1) [Yahuda Ms. 1.1]

[72] 210 ff.

[73]

in English with quotations in Latin and Greek

[74] Yahuda Ms. 1 Untitled treatise on Revelation (Section 1.7) [Yahuda Ms. 1.7]

[75]

Described in the Babson catalogue as part of SL261, the bulk of which is now Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 21 (see notes there for the sale history) and Harry Ransom Research Center Ms. 130. This document is clearly related to those two, but whether it actually constituted part of the same lot is still unclear.

[76] 4 pp. on 2 ff.

[77]

in English

[78] Exposition of 2 Kings 17:15-16 [Ms. 130] Exposition of 2 Kings 17:15-16 [Yahuda Ms. 21]

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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