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2551.

A Course of Lectures in Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Geography and Astronomy

Author: Benjamin Martin

Source: Benjamin Martin, A Course of Lectures in Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Geography and Astronomy (Reading: 1743).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00131

2552.

Book I: Chapter 1

Author: John Milton

Source: John Milton, A Treatise on Christian Doctrine, Compiled from the Holy Scriptures Alone, vol. 1 (Boston: 1825).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00301

2553.

Lecture IV

Author: Tom Telescope

Source: Tom Telescope, The Newtonian System of Philosophy Adapted to the Capacities of young Gentlemen and Ladies, and familiarized and made entertaining by Objects with which they are intimately acquainted (London: 1761).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00120

2554.

Part I, Chapter VIII: Of the power of the eleventh horn of Daniel's fourth Beast, to change times and laws

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel, and the Apocalypse of St. John (London: 1733).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00202

2555.

Notes on sublimation, the Stone, the tincture, etc..

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Location Unknown

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00132

2556.

Draft letter, Newton to Nicholas Tron, 17 May 1718, with unrelated notes on theology and mathematics.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Location Unknown

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00121

2557.

Chapter Six: Universal Medicines: Johann Rudolph Glauber and his Reception in England

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00063

2558.

Chapter Five: Curing Creation: Alchemy and Spirituality

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00062

2559.

Newton's copy of 'Philalethes'' [i.e. George Starkey's] Secrets Reveal'd, with corrections and additions in Newton's hand on almost every page.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Library of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00087

2560.

Mr. Newtons Answer to the foregoing Letter [of Christiaan Huygens]

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 96 (21 July 1673), pp. 6087-6092.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00017

2561.

An Extract of another Letter … by way of an answer to some Objections, made by an Ingenious French Philosopher [Adrien Auzout] to the New Reflecting Telescope

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 82 (22 April 1672), pp. 4034-4035.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00009

2562.

Chapter One: Servant of the Church

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00058

2563.

List of Abbreviations

Author: John T. Young

Source: John T. Young, Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and the Hartlib Circle (Aldershot: 1998).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00057

2564.

Chapter 1: Of the Chronology of the First Ages of the Greeks

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended (London: 1728).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00186

2565.

Chapter XII

Author: David Brewster

Source: David Brewster, Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Discoveries of Sir Isaac Newton, vol. 1 (Edinburgh: 1855).

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00128

2566.

De Munde Systemate (Liber Tertius) (1713)

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Cambridge: 1713).

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00302

2567.

Part I, Chapter V: Of the Kingdoms represented by the feet of the Image composed of iron and clay

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel, and the Apocalypse of St. John (London: 1733).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00199

2568.

Review of the 'Memoirs of Isaac Newton'

Author: Unknown

Source: Unknown, The Times (21 September 1855), pp. 8e-9a.

Newton Catalogue ID: OTHE00095

2569.

Dr. Clarke's Fifth Reply

Author: Samuel Clarke

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00235

2570.

A Latin Letter … by Ignatius Gaston Pardies … containing some Animadversions upon Mr. Isaac Newton … his Theory of Light

Author: Ignace Gaston Pardies

Source: Ignace Gaston Pardies, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 84 (17 June 1672), pp. 4087-4090.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00012

2571.

Mr. Leibniz's Second Paper

Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00228

2572.

Book I: Chapter 23

Author: John Milton

Source: John Milton, A Treatise on Christian Doctrine, Compiled from the Holy Scriptures Alone, vol. 2 (Boston: 1825).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00323

2573.

Fitzwilliam Notebook

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: ALCH00069

2574.

A Letter of Mr. Isaac Newton … containing his New Theory about Light and Colors

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Isaac Newton, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, No. 80 (19 Feb. 1671/2), pp. 3075-3087.

Newton Catalogue ID: NATP00006

2575.

Dr. Clarke's Fourth Reply

Author: Samuel Clarke

Source: Samuel Clarke, A Collection of Papers, Which passed between the late Learned Mr. Leibniz, and Dr. Clarke, In the Years 1715 and 1716 (London: 1717).

Newton Catalogue ID: THEM00233

[1]

in English

[2] Book I: Chapter 2 [Treatise on Christian Doctrine, Vol. 1 (1825)] Treatise on Christian Doctrine, Vol. 1 (1825) Dedicatory Epistle [Treatise on Christian Doctrine, Vol. 1 (1825)]

[3] Lecture V [The Newtonian System ... familiarized (1761)] The Newtonian System ... familiarized (1761) Lecture III [The Newtonian System ... familiarized (1761)]

[4] Part I, Chapter IX: Of the kingdoms represented in Daniel by the Ram and He-Goat [Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel (1733)] Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel (1733) Part I, Chapter VII: Of the eleventh horn of Daniel's fourth Beast [Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel (1733)]

[5] 6 pp.

[6]

in Latin

[7]

The Smythe catalogue entry includes a partial but extensive transcript of the notes, an English translation of the letter, partial and largely illegible facsimile images of the manuscript, and a gross exaggeration of its rarity.

Letter to Tron listed as missing in NC, 6: 447.

[8]

The letter acknowledges receipt from Ludovico a Ripa of his book 'de re Herbaria' [Historiæ Universalis Plantarum Scribendæ Propositum Addito Specimine (Padua, 1718; not listed by Harrison)]. The notes concern relations between Jewish and Gentile converts in the early Church and ancient Jewish church government, along with a fragment on the discovery of the calculus.

[9] 2 pp. on 1 f.

[10]

in English

[11] Chapter Seven: The Dawn of Wisdom [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) Chapter Five: Curing Creation: Alchemy and Spirituality [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

[12] Chapter Six: Universal Medicines: Johann Rudolph Glauber and his Reception in England [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) Chapter Four: Panaceas of the Soul: Comenius and the Dream of Universal Knowledge [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

[13]

See Dobbs, 'Newton's Copy of "Secrets Reveal'd"', and H1478.

[14]

Secrets Reveal'd: or, An Open Entrance to the Shut-Palace of the King: Containing, the greatest Treasure in Chymistry [...] Composed By a most famous English-man Styling himself Anonymus, or Eyræneus Philaletha Cosmopolita [...] Published for the Benefit of all English-men, by W.C. Esq. [i.e. William Cooper]' (1669)

[15] 6pp.

[16]

in English

[17] An Extract of a Letter lately written by an ingenious person from Paris [Christiaan Huygens] [Philosophical Transactions 96 (21 July 1673)] Answer to Huygens' critique of Newton's new theory of light and colours, dated 10 June 1673 [EL/N1/47]

[18] 2pp.

[19]

in English

[20] Chapter Two: Servant of God [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) List of Abbreviations [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

[21] Chapter One: Servant of the Church [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)] Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998) Front Matter to Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy [Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy (1998)]

[22] Chapter 2: Of the Empire of Egypt. [Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms (1728)] Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms (1728) A Short Chronicle from the First Memory of Things in Europe, to the Conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great [Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms (1728)]

[23] Chapter XIII [Memoirs of the Life of Newton, Vol. 1 (1855)] Memoirs of the Life of Newton, Vol. 1 (1855) Chapter XI [Memoirs of the Life of Newton, Vol. 1 (1855)]

[24] Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1713) De Motu Corporum (Liber Secundus) (1713) [Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1713)]

[25] Part I, Chapter VI: Of the ten Kingdoms represented by the ten horns of the fourth Beast [Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel (1733)] Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel (1733) Part I, Chapter IV: Of the vision of the four Beasts [Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel (1733)]

[26]

in English

[27] The Appendix [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Mr. Leibniz's Fifth Paper [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

[28] 4pp.

[29]

in Latin

[30] Mr Newtons Letter of April 13. 1672 … being an Answer to the fore-going Letter of P. Pardies [Philosophical Transactions 84 (17 June 1672)] Letter to Henry Oldenburg, dated 13 April 1672 [EL/N1/38] A Letter of Mr. Isaac Newton … containing his New Theory about Light and Colors [Philosophical Transactions 80 (19 Feb. 1671/2)]

[31] Dr. Clarke's Second Reply [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Dr. Clarke's First Reply [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

[32] Book I: Chapter 24 [Treatise on Christian Doctrine, Vol. 2 (1825)] Treatise on Christian Doctrine, Vol. 2 (1825) Book I: Chapter 22 [Treatise on Christian Doctrine, Vol. 2 (1825)]

[33]

Miscellaneous notebook containing Newton's accounts for 1665-9, a series of increasingly complicated mathematical problems, and a highly revealing personal confession. At Whitsun 1662, Newton compiled a list of all the 47 sins he could remember having committed in his life, from stealing cherries to "threatning my [step]father and mother ... to burne them and the house over them". The accounts section charts the beginning of his study of alchemy in 1669, with purchases of books, materials and a furnace to equip the makeshift laboratory he set up in the grounds of Trinity College.

[34]

Described and partly published in Brewster (1855), 1: 31-3. The shorthand section deciphered and discussed in Westfall, 'Short-Writing and the State of Newton's Conscience, 1662'.

[35]

Contains expense lists, a confession of Newton's sins, and miscellaneous problems in mathematics and physics

Flyleaf inscribed 'Isaac Newton/ pret. 8d'. This is followed by a sequence of letters (the key to a cipher?), reading:

'Nabed Efyhik

Wfnzo Cpmfke'.

The book proper begins with shorthand notes on 3 pp., dated 1662, and detailing Newton's sins before and after Whitsunday of that year. Then follows a list of expenses, 7 pp., dated from 23 May 1665 to April 1669 (about 140 entries), including assorted chemicals, two furnaces and a copy of the Theatrum chemicum [ed. Lazarus Zetzner, 1659-61: H1608] bought in April 1669. On f. 10v another hand has listed the names of four German noblemen.

The other end of the book begins with 'Nova Cubi Hebræi Tabella' on 1 p., followed by various problems in geometry and the conic sections (ellipsis, parabola, hyperbole, etc.), with diagrams, 24 pp. On the back flyleaf in Thomas Pellet's hand: 'Sep 25 1727/ Not fit to be printed/ T Pellet'.

[36] 34 pp. on 118 ff.

[37]

in English

[38] 13pp.

[39]

in English

[40] Robert Hooke's Critique of Newton's Theory of Light and Colors (delivered 1672) [History of the Royal Society, Vol. 3 (1757)] Some Experiments propos'd in relation to Mr. Newton's Theory of light … together with the Observations made thereupon by the Author of that Theory [Philosophical Transactions 83 (20 May 1672)] A Latin Letter … by Ignatius Gaston Pardies … containing some Animadversions upon Mr. Isaac Newton … his Theory of Light [Philosophical Transactions 84 (17 June 1672)] A Letter of the Learn'd Franc. Linus … animadverting upon … Mr. Isaac Newton's Theory of Light and Colors, date 6 October 1674 [Philosophical Transactions 110 (25 January 1674/5)] A Letter from Liege concerning Mr Newton's Experiment of the colour'd Spectrum [Philosophical Transactions 128 (25 September 1676)]

[41] Mr. Leibniz's Fifth Paper [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)] Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717) Mr. Leibniz's Fourth Paper [Collection of Papers [Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence] (1717)]

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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