Search Results

Searching texts for

201.

Original royal indenture confirming Newton's mastership and setting out his duties.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/382-394, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00061

202.

Applications for the post of engraver

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/140-45, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00062

203.

Response to the applications at MINT00062 (I.140-45) and others.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/170-71, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00063

204.

Further draft of MINT00063 (I.170-71).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/152-3, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00064

205.

Further holograph drafts of MINT00063 (I.170-71).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/159-60, 164, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00065

206.

Further draft of MINT00063 (I.170-71).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/168-9, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00066

207.

Partial holograph draft of MINT00063 (I.170-71), followed by a partial holograph draft of MINT00070 (I.172-3).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/149, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00067

208.

'A Proposal for regulating the Gravers Office'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/147, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00068

209.

Oppose [Gabriel] le Clerk's petition to succeed Harris as engraver: would like to take him on as third engraver under Croker and Bull, but not until summer 1705, due to the cost of repairs occasioned by last year's storms [see MINT00063 (I.170-71)].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/167, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00069

210.

Reply to a query about the engravers' patent.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/172-3, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00070

211.

Drafts of MINT00070 (I.172-3).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/146, 157, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00071

212.

Holograph draft of a warrant authorising Croker and Bull to take charge of all engraving tools and machines.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/154, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00072

213.

Holograph preparatory notes, followed by draft letter, in response to a petition from the engravers.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/158, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00073

214.

Following the moneyers' petition, the House of Commons has granted the Mint an extra £500 for salaries and maintenance from Christmas 1705.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/206, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00074

215.

Petition to the Mint Board: 'The Case of Charles Stuart one of the Monyers belonging to Her Majties Mint in the Tower of London'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/207-8, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00075

216.

Application to appoint a new smith.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/223, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00076

217.

Further holograph draft of MINT00076 (I.223).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/221, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00077

218.

Proposal for £35 p.a. for Francis Beresford to be taken on as apprentice engraver for six years to supply the place of [Gabriel] le Clerk, whose post has been vacant for some years.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/165, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00078

219.

Identical proposal to take on Beresford as apprentice.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/155-6, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00079

220.

Petition to succeed his late brother Daniel as assay master, having been his assistant for fifteen years.

Author: Charles Brattell

Source: MINT 19/1/96-7, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00080

221.

Three partial holograph drafts of a letter reporting the tests of Charles Brattell and Catesby Oadham for the post of assay master (two other candidates not having appeared): Brattell is judged the better candidate.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/93, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00081

222.

Appeal against the Mint's verdict rejecting his application for the post of assay master, specifically accusing Newton of favouritism.

Author: Catesby Oadham

Source: MINT 19/1/94, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00082

223.

Another clerical copy of MINT00082 (I.94).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/102, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00083

224.

Summarises the assay master's duties and defends the Mint's decision in favour of Charles Brattell over Catesby Oadham for the post.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/90, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00084

225.

'The state of the Mint in relation to the Queens Assay Master'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/91, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00085

[1]

Copy in PRO, C66/3437, calendared in Challis, History, 749-50. Another copy in Trinity College, Cambridge, R.4.48d.

[2]

Briefly summarised in NC, 7: 435 (no. X.673.3).

[3]

(a) (I.140) 8 August 1704. Treasury to Mint. Clerical hand. Letter of referral covering the applications of Parsons and Croker [(d) and (e) below] and that of [William] Rose [Ross, Roos, which seems to have been lost].

(b) (I.141) 7 August 1704. Another hand. Application of William Fowler.

(c) (I.142) 10 August 1704. Treasury to Mint. Clerical hand. Further letter of referral specifically covering Fowler's application.

(d) (I.143-4) Undated.Clerical hand. Application of William Parsons.

(e) (I.145) Undated. Clerical hand. Application of John Croker.

[4] Treasurer

[5]

Signed by the Mint Board. For further details of Newton's revamping of the engraving branch and the individuals involved, see Craig, NATM, 54-5.

[6]

Printed in NC, 4: 416-18.

[7]

Recounts the unhappy experience of Harris's engravership. Proposes a re-organisation of the engraving branch, appointing three engravers, one at £200 p.a. and two at £80 p.a., with an obligation to train juniors and apprentices. Recommends John Croker (as senior engraver), Samuel Bull and Gabriel le Clerk, le Clerk's appointment to be deferred to the following summer to save money for repairs to storm damage of the previous autumn.

[8]

Printed in NC, 7: 435-6.

[9]

Proposes rules forbidding engravers to use the Queen's image on any privately manufactured medals (unless expressly permitted by the Treasury or by royal command) or to sell such medals at a higher price than that fixed by the Mint Board.

[10] Treasurer

[11]

Signed by Newton and [comptroller] John Ellis.

[12]

Printed in NC, 4: 418-19.

[13] Treasurer

[14]

Date added in Newton's hand.

[15]

Printed in NC, 4: 419-20.

[16]

Mint engravers alone are permitted to make medals bearing the monarch's image, but such work undertaken for the Crown is quite separate from their Mint duties. These consist solely in making stamps for coins and medals ordered by the government, which are then struck by moneyers. Newton does not, however, disapprove of engravers being allowed to make other medals privately, but suggests they should be required to mark their name or initials on them to distinguish them from Mint pieces. Such work is 'an encouragement to them to improve themselves and to be content with less salaries'.

On reverse: Treasury note dated 16 October 1704: 'My Lord will speak wth the Officers of the Mint'.

[17]

I.146 is in a clerical hand, amended by Newton; I.157 is holograph.

[18] Treasury

[19]

[A royal warrant was issued accordingly on 2 November 1706: PRO, Mint 1/8, pp. 60-61.]

[20]

Since it is in everyone's interests for the Mint engravers to be kept in practice, recommends they should be permitted to produce and sell privately gold and silver medals unrelated to state affairs. Further suggests that the master be authorised, subject to the approval of the warden and comptroller, to commission medals 'wth plain historical designs & inscriptions in memory of great actions'.

[21] Treasurer

[22]

Calendared in NC, 7: 446 (no. X.709.2).

[23]

Recommend £400 of this be divided equally between the moneyers, who now number twenty-one, until the number falls to sixteen, which is normally enough. No apprentices should be taken on in future without the master's approval, and if the number of moneyers should exceed sixteen again, only the sixteen most senior should receive the supplementary £25 p.a. each. On reverse, in the same hand: copy of Treasurer's authorisation, dated 19 November 1706.

[24]

[The conjectural date 1711 is proposed by Craig in his calendar of the papers (PRO Mint 19/6, no. 97) without any explanation or supporting evidence. Craig usually had sound reasons for his conjectures, but was not always very forthcoming about them.]

[25]

Over a year ago, the Company of Moneyers proposed new laws imposing a fine of £500 on any of their members who undertook private contracts at a lower rate than that fixed by the Company. Stuart refused to subscribe to this, considering it illegal. Since this date the Company has deprived him of his salary, despite his continuing to work as diligently as ever. At the Company's suggestion, the case was taken to arbitration, and Council found in Stuart's favour, denying the Company's right either to enact any such law or impose any such punishment. His salary is, however, still being withheld, and he looks to the Mint Board for justice.

[26] Treasurer

[27]

Printed in NC, 5: 186-7.

[28]

The last smith [Thomas Sylvester] was paid £50 p.a., plus piece work. At Newton's request (following differences with the smith), this salary was stopped when the post became vacant [through Sylvester's death, c. December 1710], pending formulation of a new contract. Newton now requests funding for a new salary with confirmation of his power of dismissal.

[29] Treasury

[30]

Signed by [warden] Craven Peyton and Newton.

[31] Treasurer

[32]

Signed by the Mint Board.

[33]

Printed in NC, 5: 307-8 (Mint's letter) and 313-4 (Treasurer's warrant). Copy of the letter in PRO, MINT 1/8, p. 96 and copies of the warrant in PRO, Mint 1/8, pp. 96-7 and BL Additional Ms. 18,757, no. 43.

[34]

On reverse: Treasurer's warrant authorising this, dated 10 July 1712.

[35] Treasury

[36]

Treasury's referral printed in NC, 5: 375 (no. 967). See also Newton's letter to the Treasurer, 29 January 1712/13, supporting this application (NC, 5: 374).

[37]

On the same sheet: referral by Treasury to Mint, dated 31 January 1712/3.

[38] Treasurer

[39]

Final version in Longleat House, Portland Papers, IX, f.193 (dated 10 April 1713 and printed in NC, 5: 403-4 with the erroneous reference I.193). Another draft at MINT00606 (II.431).

[40]

On the same side, also in Newton's hand: a series of calculations, notes on the value of Italian coins, and the end of a sentence about Tertullian and Cyprian.

[41] Privy Council

[42]

[See Craig, NATM, 87 and Westfall, 755-6 for accounts of this dispute.]

[43] Privy Council

[44]

Draft of the much shorter final version, dated 26 August 1713, in T. 1/163.50, MINT00980 (printed in NC, 6: 25). See also Craig, NATM, 86-7.

[45]

Considerably more discursive holograph draft of MINT00084 (I.90). Followed by a deleted paragraph (also in Newton's hand) relating to the calculus controversy.

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

Privacy Statement

  • University of Oxford
  • Arts and Humanities Research Council
  • JISC