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176.

Clerical copy of the master's oath.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/413, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00036

177.

£2,000 had been the customary security for the mastership until the previous incumbent, Thomas Neale, gave £15,000 to allay doubts raised by his somewhat dubious financial history.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/64, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00037

178.

Another holograph draft of MINT00037 (Mint 19/1/64).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/66, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00038

179.

Clerical copy of Treasury warrant dated 3 August 1680, requiring securities of £2,000 each from the three commissioners appointed on 15 July 1680, John Buckworth, Charles Duncomb [Duncombe] and comptroller James Hoare.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/192, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00039

180.

Bond for Newton's £2,000 security for the mastership.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/63, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00040

181.

Request consideration of a petition submitted some time ago by the Bank's tellers for payment for services at the Mint during the recoinage.

Author: Bank of England

Source: MINT 19/2/500-501, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00041

182.

Application for the post of weigher and teller, with details of his previous service.

Author: Hopton Haynes

Source: MINT 19/1/112, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00042

183.

Copies of applications for the post of weigher and teller from Philip Shales, Charles Brattell, George Foord (deputy warden) and Thomas Edwards.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/113-16, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00043

184.

Recommends Hopton Haynes for the post of weigher and teller, giving an account of his previous employment at the Mint (as a clerk) and elsewhere.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/121, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00044

185.

Various drafts of MINT00044 (Mint 19/1/121)

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/111, 117-18, 119, 120, 123, 124-5, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00045

186.

The £60 p.a. allowed for a master's assay master (as distinct from the royal assay master) has for a long time been paid to the deputy master, who has authority to examine the work of the royal assay master.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/103, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00046

187.

Further to a petition from probationer engraver [Samuel] Bull, recommend raising his salary from £50 to £60 p.a. plus piece work.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/163, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00047

188.

'Articles made the 25th day of ffebruary [...] 1701 Between Isaac Newton Esqr Master and Worker of his Maties Mint of the one part And Phillip Shales of London Gen. on the other part'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/202, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00048

189.

Royal warrant authorising Newton to continue to act under the indenture of 23 December 1700 after William III's death, pending formulation of a new indenture.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/416, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00049

190.

Holograph draft of MINT00049 (Mint 19/1/416).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/414, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00050

191.

'A Copy of the Patent of the Master & Worker of the Mint in the Tower of London'.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/80, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00051

192.

Offers £4,000 security against renewal of his mastership: £2,000 himself and £1,000 each from Thomas Hall [master's assistant] and John Francis Fauquier [deputy master].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/65, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00052

193.

Holograph draft of bond for Newton's re-appointment as master.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/71, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00053

194.

Patent re-appointing Henry Harris as engraver on the same terms as in the Roettiers' 1669 warrant [see MINT00028 (Mint 19/1/137-9)].

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/161-2, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00054

195.

Correspondence between Newton and [Attorney General] Edward Northey concerning the master's securities.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/411-2, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00055

196.

Holograph drafts of MINT00055(a) (Mint 19/1/411-2).

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/405-6, 407, 409-10, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00056

197.

Holograph copy extract from Robert Brackenbury's indenture of 20 July 1483 showing that the master found securities before the indenture was signed, with notes on ten other precedents for this order of procedure dating back to the fourteenth century.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/395, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00057

198.

Extract to the same effect from John Lonison's indenture of 1572, with note (in a different hand) that the same applied to Richard Martin under James I and to Robert Harley under Charles I.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/397, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00058

199.

Extracts to the same effect from earlier masters' (Robert Brackenbury's, John Lonison's and Henry Slingsby's) indentures.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/399-400, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00059

200.

List of indentures and warrants relating to coinage made under Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI and Elizabeth.

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: MINT 19/1/401, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Newton Catalogue ID: MINT00060

[1] Treasury

[2]

Printed in NC, 4: 348-9. See also Craig, NATM, 32-3 and Westfall, 605.

[3]

Lists previous masters who put up £2,000 and offers the same.

[4]

And of a letter offering as securities Charles Montagu [Chancellor of the Exchequer], and either Thomas Hall [master's assistant], [Peter] Floyer [metal broker and melter to the Exchequer 1696-9] or Thomas Pilkington.

[5]

[See Challis, History, 355 and 747, for the appointment of this triumvirate on 15 July 1680 to take over the duties of the suspended master Henry Slingsby. Newton clearly used this document as supporting evidence for MINT00037 (Mint 19/1/64).]

[6]

Signed by Newton.

[7] Richard Hill Commissioner to the Treasury

[8]

Signed by four officers of the Bank.

[9] Treasury

[10]

On reverse of Mint 19/1/116, in the same clerical hand: Treasury's referral of these applications to the Mint, dated 7 August 1701.

[11] Treasury

[12]

Printed in NC, 4: 375-6; further comment in NC, 7: 422 (no. 641) and Westfall, 593. Haynes, who before Conduitt's arrival was probably the only figure at the Mint who can be described as Newton's friend, was duly appointed on 30 September.

[13]

The report is signed by Newton and certified by Thomas Hall [master's assistant]. A postscript by Newton details the duties of the weigher and teller.

[14]

Mint 19/1/124-5 is also dated 5 September 1701. On reverse of Mint 19/1/119: holograph copy of Herodotus's account of Semiramis.

[15] Treasurer

[16]

Printed in NC, 4: 394-5.

[17]

But a separate master's assay master can be employed if the Treasury wishes. [It is unclear whether or not the practice was in fact continued: see Westfall, 606.]

[18] Treasury

[19]

Printed in NC, 4: 395-6.

[20]

Contract appointing Shales as melter. Attached, in the same clerical hand, is 'The Inventory and Appraisement of Tooles and Utensils belonging to the Melting Houses in his Maties Mint in the Tower of London Appraised by Edward Sylvester and Peter Iohnson the Eight day of December 1681'.On reverse: signature of [warden] John Stanley as witness.

[21]

[NC suggests the date 9 March, presumably on the grounds that this was the day after Anne's accession.]

[22]

Printed in NC, 4: 383-4.

[23]

Heading and endorsement added in Newton's hand.

[24]

Endorsed: 'June 9th 1707 examd. Is. Newton.'

[25]

Another clerical copy of the same date in Mint 1/5.31r, MINT01107.

[26] Treasury

[27]

Final version, dated 16 October 1702, in the University Library, Basel (printed in NC, 4: 392-3). This draft commented on in NC, 7: 428 (no. 652). See also CTB, 17, part 1 (1702): 368 for the Treasury's referral of this offer (19 October) and ibid., 382, for the Treasury warrant to accept it (6 November).

[28]

[See Craig, NATM, 31-2.]

[29]

(a) [Before 12 October 1702.] Newton to Northey. Holograph memorandum. Enquires, citing the precedents of 21 masters' indentures dating back to the reign of Edward III, whether the master should find securities before signing his oath, if so whether this should be mentioned in the indenture itself, and exactly what covenants he binds himself to by this security.

(b)12 October 1702: Northey's reply (in his own hand, in gaps in the manuscript apparently left by Newton for this purpose) that established precedent should be followed.

[30]

[This and the following three entries were obviously collected in connection with MINT00055(a) (Mint 19/1/412).]

© 2020 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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