Catalogue Entry: THEM00059

Rough draft portions of and notes for 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ' and 'The Original of Monarchies'

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Yahuda Ms. 16, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Custodial History

SL254, described in the Sotheby catalogue as being made up of 96 pp. folio (c. 20,000 words) plus rough drafts and notes, 110 pp. ('mostly folio'; c. 30,000 words), was bought at the Sotheby sale by 'Ulysses' (Jacob Schwartz?) for £20; on 15 Feb 1937 Schwartz told Yahuda that he could have it on inspection for £50. It is not entirely clear what became of the rest of the lot, though some at least of it is now Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 17 and part may be in Babson Ms. 438. It also appears from notes by Yahuda that some material was imported into this manuscript from other lots purchased by him, but exactly how much and where from is not recorded.

Sotheby Lot

Part of SL254 + ?

Contents

Ms. 16.1

Notes and excerpts concerning ancient religions.

Ms. 16.2

f. 1r Main heading: 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ'

'Cap. 1. Quod Theologia Gentilis Philosophica erat, et ad scientiam Astronomicam & Physicam systematis mundani apprime spectabat: quodq[ue] Dij duodecim[illeg.] majorum Gentilis sunt Plantæ [sic: leg. Planetæ] septem cum quatuor elementis et quintessentia Terra.'

f. 7v 'Cap. 2. Quod Hominum post Diluvium primorum memoria in astris et Elementis colebatur, quodq[ue] homines illi ætatibus tribus primis et quarta ineunte floruere.'

f. 53v 'Cap. 3 Quod Noachus sit Saturnus et Ianus, quodq[ue] Chanus sit Iupiter Hamnon et quod Chami filij [cum?] nepotibus sint et Dij reliqui et Gigantes qui cum ætate tertia in Ægypto dimicarunt: et quomodo Chamus cum suis in Ægyptum descendit et regionem inter filios divisit.'

f. 65r 'Cap. 4 Quod Chus sit Hercules, et Mars Moloc, et Belus primus.'

f. 67v 'Cap. 5 Quod Mizraim sit Osiris et Menætius & Dis vel Pluto'

f. 68v 'Cap. 5 Quod Mizraim sit Osiris et Serapis et Menætius & Dis vel Pluto quodq[ue] Mizraimi filius Pathros sit Orus vel Apollo et quod filiam habuit Bubastem seu Dianam et filium [nothum?] Thoth seu Mercurium primum.'

f. 73v Slightly variant repetition of the same title.

On f. 45v, interrupting the text of Chapter 2, is a list of proposed subsequent chapter headings, without any text attached to them, as follows:

'Cap. 6 Quod Phut sit Typho, et Antæus et Atlas et Neptunus.

Cap. 7 Quod Canaan sit Vulcanus et Prometheus et quod ejus uxor et soror Venus fuit Astyr seu Attyrgates.

Cap. 8 De alijs Deorum prædictorum nominibus.

Cap. 9 Quomodo nomina prædictorum hominum sideribus imposita sint & qualis fuit Astronomia veterum Ægyptiorum.

Cap. 10 Quomodo animæ hominum in stellas translatæ sunt & stellæ sic animatæ pro Dijs intelligentibus haberi cœperunt, deq[ue] origine et progressu idolatriæ et artium magicoru[m].

Cap. 11. Qualis fuit vera Noachidorum religio antequam per cultum falsorum Demonem corrumpi cœpit. Et quod religio Christiana non magis vera fuit nec minus corrupta [exesit?].'

Ms. 16.2 represents an earlier version of Yahuda Var. 1 Ms. 41, written largely in Humphrey Newton's hand (the rectos of ff. 1-18, 28-43, 50-58 are all in his hand, amended by Newton and with additions by Newton on some of the versos). This dates these portions of the Ms. to 1684-90, although f. 20v contains Mint material relating to the silver issue of mid-1711. This could, however, be a later addition (f. 20v is otherwise blank). Some folios are drafts of 'The Original of Monarchies' (Keynes Ms. 146), and Ms. 16.2 f. 23r contains the heading: 'Chap. II. Of the Original of Kingdoms', but the following text breaks off after only a few words.

Notes

Partly in Humphrey Newton's hand.

[1] a Δέγονται δὲ κὶ Κίαποι ὁι Σίσ σιοι: Strabo Geog. l. 15. Susanchitæ (Ezra. 4. 9) dicuntur homines Cuthi (2 Reg. 17 30) & a Iosepho cusæi. Susiana Provincia sequitur, quam quidem in partem Persidis ponunt, nomrn a Susa urbe clarissima deducens; nunc a Barbaris patria lingua Chus dicitur: Dom. Mar. Niger. Geog. Asiæ Com. 5. Hæc est terra Cush quam fluvius Gihon circundat, Gen. 2. 13:qui fluvius ab alijs Gindes et Cydnus dicitur & per Susa fluit, recepto prins in se Choaspi et alveo orientali Tigridis ab Apasnia fluente.

[2] ✝ Vide

[3] b Eratosthenes apud Strab. l. 16

[4] Gen. 11.

[5] Gen. 10

[6] b Sedebant ante viam quæ ducit ex Ægypto in Orientem (Gen. 25.18. 1 Sam. 15.7 & Scenitis seu Ismaelitis ab Oriente contermini erant ({} Gen.25.18 et Plin. l. 5. c 10 ubi Chanclei pro Chavileis corrupte leguntur) atque Agreis ab occidente vel potius ab austro (Strabo. l. 16 p. 767 & Dionysius) id est Hagarenis qui habitabant ad orientem Galead (1 Paral. 5. 10) ideoque a fluvio Euphrate proxime aberant (Gen 31. 21. 23). Vnde Moses (Gen.2) dicit quod fluvius Phison, id est communis Euphratis et Trigridis alveus quem alij scriptores (nempe Plin.l. 6.c. 27,28 & Strabo l. 17) Phasi tigrin, Quintus Curtius vero Phasin et Xenophon Phiscum appellant circundat {totum} regionem Ch{illeg} circundat {illeg}

[7] a. Eratosthe. apud Strab. l. 16

[8] d Strabo Geog. l. 16. p. 760.

[9] Macrob. Saturn. l. 1. c. 19

[10] Chæreas vinum Babylone dicit esse quod Nectar vocant: Athenæus. Vnde Nectar Deorum (id est Iovis Belis et ejus filiorum) potus fingitur

[11] NB. Apud Plinium pro Chaveleis Chanclei corrupte leguntur

[12] a Plin. l. 6 c. 27 & 28. Shabo l. 17 ubi de Perside.

[13] b Consule Bochartum in Phaleg C. H.

[14] b. in Phaleg

[15] Eratosthenes apud Strab. l. 16

[16] Eratosthenes apud Strab. l. 16.

[17] a Macrob. l. 2. Somn. Scip. c. 3.

[18] Præp. Evang. l.3 c.4.

[19] De Civit. Dei lib

[20] De Civit. Dei. 1

[Editorial Note 1] Supplied text following Knoespel's unpublished transcription.

[21] a

[22] b

[23] a Pind. Nem. O{d}. 11.

[24] ✝ Chamus

[25] a Vide Bochat. Geor. l. 1. c 1.

[26] b Steph

[27] b Vide Bochart. Geog l. 1. c. 1.

[28] a Steph

[Editorial Note 2] There follows a folio comprising two blank pages numbered '16ar' and '16av'.

[29] a Sync. p. 91.

[30] a Pli. lib. XXXIV l VII Arnob l. 3

[31] b Macrob. 1 Sat. c. 9

[32] a Plin. l. 6. c 24.

[33] b Herod. & Pomponiu{s}

[34] c Herod & Diodorus

[35] d Heliodorus l 2.

[36] a Hyginus loco infra citato

[37] a Vide Bochart. Geogr. l 1. c 12 & l 2. c 14.

[38] a Diodor. l. 3

[39] ✝ Mag vel Magæ

[40] ✝Thooth

[41] Plutarch, in Iside Diodorus l. 1. Herod. l. 2.

[42] Metam. l. 5

[43] a Plut. Isid.

[44] b Vide etiam Herod l 2 et Clement. Alexandr. Strom. 5.

[45] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[46] c Herod. l. 2

[47] a Moschus in Europa.

[48] b Diodor. l. 1

[49] Euseb. Chron.

[50] d l 14. Noct. Att. c 21.

[51] g Diod. l 5

[52] h in Iside

[53] i Geor l. 1

[54] k Macrob Saturnal. l. 1. c. 17.

[55] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[56] b Diod. l 3.

[57] b Diodor. l. 1.

[58] c Plin. l. 6. c. 30

[59] e lib 1. Hieroglyph.

[60] f Hesiod. Theogon.

[61] a in Ἀτλαντικὰ

[62] b

[63] c l 15 p 689

[64] a Vide Bochart Geogr. l. 4. c. 52.

[65] ✝ Thooth

[66] a lib 2

[67] b lib 1

[68] c De Iside.

[69] d Saturnal. l. 1. c. 21

[70] a.

[71] a Plutarch, in Iside

[72] a Plutarch, in Iside

[Editorial Note 3] Folio 45 is blank apart from the page numbers '45r' and '45v'.

[73] a lib. 1

[74] a Apud Euseb. in Chronicis

[75] b Antiq. l. 1. c 4.

[76] c Vide ἔργων lib. 1.

[77] d

[78] e

[79] apud Cyrillum Alexandr. l. 1 contr. Iul.

[80] a apud Eusebium Chronicis

[81] b anti. l 1 c 4

[82] c Vide ἔργων lib. 1.

[83] d Diod. lib. 1.

[84] e Antiq l 1. c. 4.

[85] a Apud Euseb. Præp Evangel. l 9. c. 12

[Editorial Note 4] Supplied reading following Knoespel's unpublished transcription.

[86] a Apud Euseb. Præp Evang. l 9. c 15.

[87] ✝l. 1.

[87] ✝ l. 1.

[88] ✝l. 1.

[88] ✝ l. 1.

[89] a Diodor. l. 3

[90] a Sanchoniatho apud Euseb. Evang. l

[91] {illeg}

[92] d Macrob. Saturnal l. 1. c. 7.

[93] e Macrob. Saturnal. l 1. c7

[94] e Macrob. Saturnal. l 1. c7

[95] l Dionys. Halicar. l. 1.

[96] t Vide

[97] m Plutarch. Quæst. Rom.

[98] m Plutarch. Quæst. Rom.

[99] g Trogus apud Iustin. l. 43

[100] h Diodor. l 5 Bibliothecæ. Aurel: Victor.

[101] i Macrob. Saturnal l. 1. c. 9

[102] k Plutarch. quæst. Rom.

[103] i Macrob. Saturnal l. 1. c. 9

[104] ✝ Chamus

[105] a Vide Bochart. Geogr. l. 1. c. 1

[106] b Steph.

[107] f Plutarch. in Osiride

[108] g Psal. 78. 51 & 105. 23

[109] a Plin. l. 6. c. 24

[110] b Herod. et Pomponius

[111] Herod. et Diodor.

[112] d Heliodorus l. 2

[113] b Thebarum pars est in Arabia ubi et Vrbs; pars etiam in ulteriore ripa ubi Memnonium. Strabo l. 17. p 816.

[114] c Vide

[115] a Cicer de nat. Deor. p. 245.

[116] b Lucian in Hercule Gallico.

[117] c Diodor

[118] d Homer. {ι}λ. ε Apollodorus l. 1.

[119] a Plutarch in Iside

[120] b Vide etiam Herod. l. 2 et Clement. Alexandr.Strom. 5.

[121] c Lucian. de Sallatione

[122] ✝ Cæsar Comment. l. >

[123] a Diodor. l. 1

[124] a Messniac p. 262.

[125] ✝ apud Euseb. Pr. Evang. l. 9. c. 17.

[126] ✝ apud Euseb. Pr. Evang. l. 9. c. 17.

[127] d Dom. Mar. Niger Geog. Asiæ Com 5.

[128] Diod. l. 2

[129] a Strabo Geog. l. 15 λέγονται δὲ κίσσιοι ὁι Σούσιοι

[130] b.

[131] c Gen 2. 13

[132] ✝ Vt Thebæ ab Osiride et Bubaste in inferiori Ægypto ab Iside.

[133] a Diodor. l. 3

[134] b

[135] ✝ Supra

[136] Diod. l. 1

[137] Diod. l. 1

[138] Diod lib. 1

[139] l lege Thooth

[140] a

[141] b Plutarch

[142] c

[143] a

[144] ✝ Euseb. chron l. 1

[145] ✝ Porph. apud Euseb. Pr. Evang. l. 3. c. II

[146] Macrob. l. 1. Saturn c. 20

[147] Plutarch. de Iside

[148] Tertul. ad Nationes l. 2. p. 71.

[149] Min. Fel. p. 59 Euseb. Chron. l. 1. gr.

[150] Plutarch. de Iside.

[151] c Vide Marsham Chron secul 1.

[152] f. Euseb. Pr. Ev l. 1. p. 32.

[153] r. Syncel. p. 54

[154] s. Euseb.Pr. Ev. l. 3

[155] t Plutarch Isid. p. 371.

[156] v Ælian. Hist. l. 10.

[157] g Diodor. l. 1

[158] g. Diodor. l. 1

[159] b Diod. l. 1 p

[160] c Hesiod. Theogon

[161] e Huet. in Oris

[162] a Quod Canaan sit etiam Busiris. & canobus & Proteus Et quomodo Cham divisit regnum suum inter filios.

[162] a Diodor. l. 1. p. 15 Euseb. Præp Ev. l 2. c. 1

[163] b Ita Diodorus et alij quamvis Strabo Busiris ullum regnasse omnino neget

[164] d Plutarch. in Iside.

[165] r. s. in canones regum apud Syncellum

[166] b de incredibilibus fab. 29. Vide et Homer. Odyss. l. 4. De his omnibus consule Natalem Com. lib. 8. c. 8

[167] f Diodor. l. 1. p. a.

[168] g Vide locum ab Fr. Patricio in ejus Hernete citatum

[169] g Vide locum ab Fr. Patricio in ejus Hernete citatum

[170] a Diodor l 3. p 190.

[171] a Antipater Tarcensis apud Vossium l. 1 de Idololat. c. 23

[172] b Diodor.

[173] c Diodor ib

[174] d Diodor ib

[175] e Sanchoniatho apud Euseb. l 1. Pr. Ev. c. 10.

[176] f Diodor. alic.

[177] h Lucian de Dea Syria

[178] k Ovid Metam lib 16

[179] k Ovid Metam lib 16

[180] k Ovid Metam lib 16

[181] a Diodor. l. 2. p 93 & 107.

[182] a Diodor. l. 2. p 93 & 107.

[183] a Diodor. l. 2. p 93 & 107.

[184] f Diodor. l. 2. p 101.

[185] a Diodor. l. 2. p 93 & 107.

[186] a Diodor. l. 2. p 93 & 107.

[187] d ib p 95

[188] d ib p 95

[189] b Lucian de Dea Syria

[190] Diodorus l. 2. p 92 & Græcus Arati interpres ubi de piscium signo tractat

[191] d Pausan. Atti c. p. 12.

[192] e Diodor. l. 2 p 107.

[193] f Plutarch. in amatorio prope initium.

[194] f Plutarch. in amatorio prope finem.

[195] p. Athenag. Legat. pro Chr. circa finem p. 121.

[196] q. Suidas in Semiramide.

[197] g Diodor. l. 2 pag. 92 & 107

[198] h Lucianus in Iove Tragædo

[199] k Lucian de Dea Syria Diodor. l. 2. p. 107 Ovid Metam. l. 4. fab. 3.

[200] a in Αφροδίτη

[201] g

[202] k. de errore profan. relig. . cap. 4

[203] n. Vide Maimonidem in More Nebuchim part. 3. cap. 38.

[204] b de Dea Syria

[205] d Apud Plinium Nat hist. l. 7. c. 56.

[206] in Semiramide

[207] a Natalis comes l. 4. c. 13. p. 386.

[208] b Ovid. Metam. lib. 10.

[209] c Iulius Firmicus de errore profan. relig.

[210] Dorion apud Natal. Com l. 7. c. 13

[211] a

[212] b Beda in libro de temporibus

[213] k. Dorion apud Natal. Com. l. 7 c. 13. Heraclitus de incredibilibus Fab. 14.

[214] b Etymolog. magn

[215] ✝ Apud Euseb Præpar. l. 9. c. 27.

[216] a Manetho apud Iosephum cont. Apion. l. 1 p 1040. Vide Marshami Chron Can.

[217] a Diodor. l. 2. p. 92.

[218] b Diodor. l. 2. p. 93

[219] c Legat. pro Christ circa finem p. 121.

[220] b Dorion apud Natal. Com. l. 7. c. 13.

[221] a Herod. l. 2

[222] a Herod. l. 2

[223] lib. 3 de nat. deor.

[224] a Herod. l. 2

[225] c Diodor p. 22. a.

[226] Dionys. Halic. l. 4 Antiq. Horat in carm. seculari in Apollinem et Dianam.

[227] b Dionys. Halic. l. 4 Antiq. Horat in carm. Sæculari in Apol. & Dian.

[228] aa apud Euseb. Pr. Evang. l. 1. c 10 et in Iside

[229] a Arnob. adv. gentes l. 4.

[230] b Arnb ib. Clem Alex. adm. ad Gent. p. 17

[231] d Herod. l. 2

[232] a Arnob. adv. gentes l. 4.

[233] e ib.

[234] Chamus

[235] f Plutarch in Osiris

[236] g Psal. 78.51. & 105.23

[237] p Plutarch

[238] p Plutarch

[238] p Plutarch in Iside.

[239] q Diodor l. 1. p. 18, p 19

[240] p Plutarch

[240] p Plutarch in Iside.

[241] p Plutarch

[241] p Plutarch in Iside.

[242] q Diodor l. 1. p. 18, p 19

[243] p Plutarch in Iside.

[244] q Diodor l. 1. p. 18, p 19

[245] q Diodor l. 1. p. 18, p 19

[246] Editorial Note: This Note Empty

[247] b Herod. l. 2

[248] a lib. 3.

[249] c Diodor. l. 1. p. 21. a

[250] p Plutarch in Iside.

[251] q Diodor l. 1. p. 18, p 19

[252] p Plutarch in Iside.

[253] q Diodor l. 1. p. 18, p 19

[254] p Plutarch in Iside.

[255] p Plutarch in Iside.

[256] a

[257] b Diodor. l. 1. p. 13 d

[258] c Diodor 2. 1. p. 18. a

[259] d Socrates apud Platonem in Phadro, p. 124

[260] f Supra.

[261] g Sanchoniatho apud Euseb. Pr. Ev. l. 1. c

[261] g Diodor l. 1. p. 22 & p. 41

[262] r Lucian in sacrificijs

[263] Diodor. l. 1 p. 24.

[264] k k Lucianus in Imaginibus

[265] n Diodor. l. 1. p. 77.

[266] a Herod. l. 2

[267] b Clem. Alexandr. adm. ad Gent. p. 11.

[268] c Agatharcides apud Photium p. 1334. Apollodor l. 1. c. 1. Homer ιλ. 15 Palæphatus de Fab. nar. l. 1. ubi de Saturno

[269] d Apollodor. l. 1. c. 1 Pausan. Lacon in medio p. 86.

[270] e

[271] f Diodor l 1 p 22 & l. 3 p. 190, 191

[272] g

[273] Apollodor. l. 1. c 1

[274]

i Suidas in Ἥφαιστοσ

i Suidas in Ἥφαιστοσ

[275] f Diodor l 1 p 22 & l. 3 p. 190, 191

[276] f Diodor l 1 p 22 & l. 3 p. 190, 191

[277] p Pausan. Attic

[278] a in cœlum reducit Pausan. Attic. ante medium

[279] b Clem. Alexandr. adm. ad Gent. p. 11.

[280] k Hæc Sanchoniatho de Saturno illo qui pater erta Minervæ et Plutonis, id est Chaldaico.

[281] a Apollodor. l. 1. c. 1

[282] Albricus de Deor. imagin. in Vulcano

[283] p Pausan. Attic

[284] p. lib. 1. c. 1.

[285] q lib. 3

[286] d Diodor. lib. 3

[287] a Hesiod. Theog Phurnutus de nat. Deor. in Prometheo. Pausanias Attic. in medio. p. 20.

[288] c Hesiod. ἔργα

[289] g Phurnutus de Nat. Deor. in Marte et enyo

[290] Homer ιλ. Β. v. 750.

[291] a Plutarch. in Sertorio. Strabo l 17 p 819

[292] d Homer. ιλ. Β

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