Catalogue Entry: THEM00040

'The Original of Monarchies'

Author: Isaac Newton

Source: Keynes Ms. 146, King's College, Cambridge, UK

[Normalized Text] [Diplomatic Text]

Custodial History

Bought by Keynes at the Sotheby sale for £11. On 7 August 1936 Sotheby's asked Keynes whether he would sell the lot, as they had had an offer; Keynes refused. However, Sotheby's wrote again to Keynes 10 days later, this time revealing that the prospective buyer was Lord Lymington, with whom Keynes then entered into direct negotiation. Lymington told Keynes he had intended to purchase the lot but had carelessly overlooked it 'until just after the hammer fell' (see Spargo, '1936 sale', 121-2). He offered to exchange it for SL154 (a letter to Oldenburg), SL200 (a letter of Henry Starkey relating to Newton's prospects of a Mint post, now Hants. Record Office NC9: see Mint section) and SL315 (now Hants. Record Office NC14/1-3), in which Keynes had previously expressed an interest. Keynes agreed on 9 September, offering to bring the lot in person after Christmas. However, the correspondence breaks off after Lymington's reply on 11 September, and the swap evidently never took place.

Sotheby Lot

SL295

Contents

Highly significant chapter related to 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ' (cf. Yahuda Ms. 16).

Notes

Dated from internal evidence though supported in Shapiro, 'Dating Game', 197.

Printed in Manuel, Newton, Historian, 199-221. Cf. also Yahuda Var. 1 Mss. 13.3, 17, 25.2, 33 and 41, and see Westfall, 'Newton's Theological Manuscripts', 136-9.

[1] Amos 6.2

[2] 2 King. 19.11.

[3] Isa. 10.8

[4] 1 Chron. 5.26 2 King. 16.9 & 17.6

[5] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[6] 2 King. 17.24. Ezra 4.9

[7] Note:The contents of this note are only visible in the diplomatic transcript because they were deleted on the original manuscript

[8] ✝ 2 King. 17.29, 30, 31, & 18.33, 34, 35. 2 Chron. 32.15.

[9] 2 Chron. 32.13, 17

[10] Ionas 3.6

[11] Ionas 4.11. Num. 35.3, 4.

[12] Nahum 2.8

[13] ✝ Ionas. 3.6, 7

[14] Amos. 6.14.

[15] {2} King. 15.

[16] a Plin l. 2. c. 25.

[17] Herod. lib. 1

[18] Iliad. β

[19] Pausan. l. 9: initio.

[20] Thucyd. l. 2. p. 110

[21] Plutarch. in Theseo.

[22] Apud Strabonem l. 9. p. 396.

[23] Apud Strabonem l. 9. p. 397

[24] Pausan. in Corinthiacis.

[25] Apud Apollodor. l. 2. initio.

[26] Pausan. lib. 8. sub initio

[27] Strabo l. 8, p. 337.

[28] Iustin. l. 7

[29] Plin. Hist. l. 4. c. 10.

[30] Herod. lib. 8. prope finem.

[31] Strabo lib. 5. p. 229, 230.

[32] Dionys. lib. 2

[33] a in Numa.

[34] b in Romulo & Numa.

[35] c In Æn. VII. v. 678

[36] b in Romulo & Numa.

[37] a See Plutarch in Numa. Dionys. Hal. l. 2.

[38] Strabo l. 1. p. 48

[39] Marm. Arundel. Strabo. l. 14. Pausan Attic. c. 3. p. 8, & Corinth. c. 29 p. 178. Anton. Liberal. cap. 39.

[40] Strabo l. 14.

[41] Theopomp. l. 12 apud Photium

[42] Stephanus in Lapetho et Carpatia.

[43] Tatian Orat. c. 9. Euseb. Præp. l. 10. c. 11.

[44] d Apud Clement. Strom. l. 1 p. 326.

[45] Lucian de Dea Syria.

[46] b Pausan. Boeot. c. 5. p. 722.

[47] c Dictys Cretensis l. 2 c. 2.

[48] a Apud Euhemerum Coum. citante Athen. l. 14.

[49] Vide Thucid. initio.

[50] Fast. l. 1

[51] Strabo Geog. l. 3 p. 158 a.

[52] a Strabo lib.17 p. 829 c, & p. 832 a

[53] a Strabo lib.17 p. 829 c, & p. 832 a

[54] b Strabo ib. p. 831, bc.

[55] c Apolog. p. 26.

[56] d lib. de Idolorum vanitate.

[57] Herod. l. 2

[58] Lucian de Dea. Syr.

[59] Strabo l. 17, p 805

[60] Lucian Dial. in Imaginibus.

[61] Herod. l. 2 Strabo l. 17. p. 812.

[62] a Vide Diodorum lib. 1. p. 24, 25, 26.

[63] Diodor. l. 1 p 25 d & 26 a.

[64] Plin. l. 7. c. 56

[65] Herod. supra.

[66] a lib. 7. c. 56.

[67] b lib. 15. p. 735.

[68] c Homer. ιδ 9.

© 2017 The Newton Project

Professor Rob Iliffe
Director, AHRC Newton Papers Project

Scott Mandelbrote,
Fellow & Perne librarian, Peterhouse, Cambridge

Faculty of History, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL - newtonproject@history.ox.ac.uk

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